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Sunday, June 16th, 2024
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4261 - προβάλλω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4253) and (G906)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to throw forward
    1. of trees, to shoot forth, put out leaves
    2. to germinate
    3. to push forward, thrust forward, put forward
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2330 ‑ חוּד (khood);  3384 ‑ יָרָא (yaw‑raw', yaw‑raw');  4838 ‑ מָרַק (maw‑rak');  7971 ‑ שָׁלַח (shaw‑lakh');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Luke 1
Acts 2
NAS (4)
Luke 2
Acts 2
CSB (2)
Luke 1
Acts 1
BSB (2)
Luke 1
Acts 1
ESV (1)
Luke 1
WEB (4)
Luke 2
Acts 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -βᾰλῶ: pf. -βέβληκα: Ep. aor.2 προβάλεσκον Od. 5.331: Hom. has only aor. Act. and Med. without augm.:

throw or lay before, throw to, Νότος Βορέῃ προβάλεσκε [σχεδίην] φέρεσθαι l.c.; τοὺς μαζοὺς κυσὶ προέβαλε Hdt. 9.112; τρωγάλια τοῖς θεωμένοις Ar. Pl. 798; πυροὺς ὀλίγους π. Id. Av. 626; π. τινὰ ταῖς Νύμφαις Pl. Phdr. 241e; ἀνδρὶ δέμας, of a woman, E. Cret. 6: without dat., π. ἀκήδευτα τὰ σώματα Plu. Per. 28 .

II put forward, π. πρόβλημα Pl. Sph. 261a; ἄμφω τὰ δεξιὰ προβεβληκώς, of a horse, Arist. Po. 1460b19 (also Med., τὰ ἀριστερὰ προβάλλονται Id. IA 706a6 ); χλαμύδα ἀλώπεκι Paus. 4.18.6; π. αὐτὸν ἐς τὸ μέσον Luc. Cat. 25: metaph., ἀγαθὴν ἐλπίδα π. σαυτῷ Men. 572: Pass., v. infr. B. 111.1. in obstetrics, present, Act. and Pass., Hp. Mul. 1.69, Sor. 2.60, al.

2. ἔριδα προβαλόντες putting forth strife, i.e. striving, Il. 11.529 .

3. put forward as an argument or plea, ἐπεί μοι τὴν θέμιν προὔβαλες S. Tr. 810; Κύπριν E. Hec. 825; τοὔνομα τὸ τῆς εἰρήνης D. 9.8: Pass., τὸν ὑφ' ἁπάντων προβαλλόμενον λόγον Th. 6.92; ἐς ἐνθυμίαν αἰεὶ προβαλλόμενος Id. 5.16 .

4. Med., put forward, propose for an office, λῃτουργεῖν π. γυμνασίαρχον And. 1.132: Pass., v. infr. B. 1.4 .

5. propound a question, task, problem, riddle (cf. πρόβλημα IV), Ar. Nu. 757, Pl. R. 536d; αἴνιγμα, γρῖφον, Id. Chrm. 162b, Antiph. 74.5; χαλεπὴν π. ᾱἵρεσιν Pl. Sph. 245b; εὔσκεπτον σκέψιν π. Id. Phlb. 65d; ὰπορίαν Arist. Pol. 1283b35: later folld. by interrog. clause, πρόβαλε σαυτῷ τί ἂν ἐποίησεν ἐν τούτῳ Σωκράτης Epict. Ench. 33.12; θεοῦ προβαλόντος πότερον . . Aristid. 1.41 J.: Pass., προβάλλεται τάδε θεωρῆσαι, περὶ τοῦ κώνου προβεβλημένα ἐστὶ τάδε, Archim. Con.Sph.Praef., Spir.Praef.

6. put forth beyond, κάρα . . ὀχημάτων S. El. 740; τῶν ὀδόντων τὴν γλῶσσαν Aret. SA 1.7; φλέγμα καὶ ἀφρῶδες ἐκ τοῦ στόματος Philum. Ven. 1.2 .

III expose, give up, π. σφέας αὐτοὺς ὑπὸ τοῦ κακοῦ give themselves up for lost, Hdt. 7.141; ἐμαυτὸν εἰς ἀρὰς δεινάς S. OT 745; ψυχὴν π. ἐν κύβοισι δαίμονος hazard, venture, E. Rh. 183 . send forth, emit, τράγου ὀσμήν v.l. (for προς- ) in Dsc. 4.50; τὴν φωνὴν ὀξεῖαν π. D.S. 3.8; ἦχον τραχύν Id. 5.30, etc.; produce, καρπόν J. AJ 4.8.19; ἄνθος Aët. 12.1: Pass., c. gen., to be emitted from, αἱ τῶν θεῶν δυνάμεις προβεβλημέναι τῶν πρώτων Procl. in Prm. p.552S. intr., stick out, of the tongue, Arist. PA 660a24 .

2. fall forward, εἰς τὸ μέτωπον Sch. Ar. Av. 487 . Med. with pf. Pass. (used also in pass. sense, v. infr.):

throw or toss before one, οὐλοχύτας προβάλοντο Il. 1.458, al.: hence, throw away, expose, S. Ph. 1017 .

2. set before or in front, θεμείλιά τε προβάλοντο Il. 23.255 .

3. set before oneself, propose to oneself, ἔργον Hes. Op. 779 .

4. put forward, propose for election, Hdt. 1.98, Pl. Lg. 755c sq., X. An. 6.1.25, IG 22.1343.29, etc.; προβαλλόμενος ἑαυτόν D. 21.15: Pass., Hdt. l.c., Pl.l.c., etc.; προβληθεὶς πυλάγορος οὗτος D. 18.149, cf.285.

5. c. dat. et inf., challenge a person to . ., π. μοι [ὀμόσαι ] Mitteis Chr. 32i14, cf. ii 13 (ii B.C.): Pass., of the oath, to be proposed as a challenge, ib.ii 25, Sammelb. 5231.9 (i A.D.) .

II throw beyond, beat in throwing: hence, surpass, excel, c. gen. pers. et dat. rei, ἐγὼ δέ κε σεῖο νοήματί γε προβαλοίμην Il. 19.218 .

III hold before oneself so as to protect, λαιᾷ ἴτυν Tyrt. 15.3; Πηλεΐδᾳ κατ' ὄμμα πέλταν E. Rh. 370 (lyr.); τὼ χεῖρε Ar. Ra. 201; π. τὰ ὅπλα level arms, opp. μεταβάλλεσθαι (cf. προβολή 1 ), τὴν φάλαγγα ἐκέλευσε προβαλέσθαι τὰ ὅπλα καὶ ἐπιχωρῆσαι X. An. 1.2.17, cf. 6.5.16, Mem. 3.8.4: in pf. Pass., σάρισαν προβεβλημένος having his pike advanced, with levelled pike, D.S. 17.100; τοὺς θυρεοὺς πρὸ τῶν νώτων . . -βεβλημένοι Arr. Tact. 36.1; εἰκοσάπηχύν τινα προβεβλ. κοντόν Luc. DMort. 27.4; also προβεβλημένοι τοὺς θωρακοφόρους having them to cover one in front, X. Cyr. 6.3.24; π. τάφρον, ποταμόν, of a general, Plb. 1.18.3, 2.5.5; π. τῆς . . στρατοπεδείας τεῖχος Id. 1.48.10, etc.; πόλις -βεβλημένη ποταμόν Str. 11.2.17; π. τὰ θηρία πρὸ τῶν κεράτων, λογχοφόρους τῆς δυνάμεως, Plb. 3.72.9, 3.113.6: abs., stand in front, πρὸ ἀμφοῖν προβεβλημένος standing so as to cover both, X. An. 4.2.21, cf. Cyr. 2.3.10: c. gen., τούτου προβέβληται Πολύευκτος D. 21.139; προβάλλεσθαι ἢ ἐναντίον βλέπειν οὔτ' οἶδεν οὔτ' ἐθέλει Id. 4.40; προαίρεσις τῆς πολιτείας προβεβλημένη a guarded policy, Id. 19.27; πρὸς ἅπαντας -βεβλημένος on one's guard against, Plu. Dio 9: Pass., ἱππῆς προβέβληνται πρὸ τοῦ δεξιοῦ κέρως Arr. Tact. 36.2; κράνη πρὸ τῆς κεφαλῆς π. ib. 34.3 .

2. metaph., put forward, τὴν ἀγαθὴν προβαλλόμενος ἐλπίδα D. 18.97; ταύτην τὴν συμμαχίαν ib.195; τὴν Εὔβοιαν προβαλέσθαι πρὸ τῆς Ἀττικῆς ib.301, cf. 300, Isoc. 5.122; τι πρὸ τῆς αἰσχύνης Aeschin. 3.11 . bring forward, cite on one's own part, in defence, τὸν Ὅμηρον π. Pl. La. 201b; π. μάρτυρας Is. 7.3, etc.; ὁ προβαλόμενος one who has brought evidence, Lex ap. D. 46.10; cite as an example, ἔθνος οὐδὲν ἔχομεν προβαλέσθαι σοφίης πέρι Hdt. 4.46; use as an excuse or pretext, Th. 2.87, etc.; τὸ εὐπρεπὲς ἄσπονδον προβέβληνται Id. 1.37; π. σκῆψιν, πρόφασιν, Plb. 5.56.7, 15.20.3 . in Att. law, accuse a person by προβολή (v. προβολή v), present him as guilty of the offence, προὐβαλόμην ἀδικεῖν τοῦτον περὶ τὴν ἑορτήν D. 21.1 (cf. Harp. s.v. προβαλλομένους ) ; π. τινά τι ib. 28; τινα alone, ib. 175; ὁ προβαλλόμενος the prosecutor in a προβολή, ib. 179: Pass., to be accused or presented, προὐβλήθησαν X. HG 1.7.35: generally, attack, censure, τὸ ἔθος D.H. 4.24, cf. Ph. 2.137; τοὺς ψευδομένους J. BJ 2.8.7 (s. v.l.), cf. Plu. CG 14; opp. ἐπαινεῖν, Id. 2.18d.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

προβάλλω; 2 aorist προεβαλον; from Homer down; to throw forward (cf. πρό, d. α.); of trees, to shoot forth, put out, namely, leaves; to germinate (cf. Buttmann, § 130, 4; Winer's Grammar, 593 (552)) (with καρπόν, added, Josephus, Antiquities 4, 8, 19; Epict. 1, 15, 7): Luke 21:30; to push forward, thrust forward, put forward: τινα, Acts 19:33.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

προ -βάλλω ,

[in LXX for H2330, H4838, etc.;]

1. to throw before.

2. to put forward: c. acc, Acts 19:33; of trees, to put forth, produce (sc. φύλλα ), Luke 21:30.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";very hungry,"; Acts 10:10 : one of the rapidly decreasing number of NT words, of which it can be said, ";Not found elsewhere"; (Grimm).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προβάλλετε προβαλλομένοις προβαλλόντων προβάλλουσι προβαλοντων προβαλόντων προβαλού προβαλώ προβαλωσιν προβάλωσιν προεβαλόυ probalonton probalontōn probalónton probalóntōn probalosin probalōsin probálosin probálōsin
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