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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4413 - πρῶτος

Transliteration
prōtos
Phonetics
pro'-tos
Origin
contracted superlative of (G4253)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
6:865,965
Definition
Thayer's
  1. first in time or place
    1. in any succession of things or persons
  2. first in rank
    1. influence, honour
    2. chief
    3. principal
  3. first, at the first
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (103)
Matthew
16
Mark
11
Luke
10
John
8
Acts
10
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
5
Ephesians
1
Philippians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
5
2 Timothy
3
Titus
1
Hebrews
9
2 Peter
1
1 John
1
Revelation
19
NAS (169)
Matthew
25
Mark
18
Luke
22
John
16
Acts
21
Romans
8
1 Corinthians
8
2 Corinthians
1
Ephesians
1
Philippians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
7
2 Timothy
3
Hebrews
11
James
1
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
3
1 John
1
Revelation
19
HCS (95)
Matthew
17
Mark
10
Luke
10
John
6
Acts
11
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
4
Ephesians
1
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
9
2 Peter
1
1 John
1
Revelation
18
BSB (98)
Matthew
16
Mark
10
Luke
10
John
9
Acts
12
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
4
Ephesians
1
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
9
2 Peter
1
1 John
1
Revelation
18
ESV (137)
Matthew
19
Mark
14
Luke
19
John
12
Acts
17
Romans
4
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
1
Ephesians
1
Philippians
1
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
7
2 Timothy
3
Hebrews
9
1 Peter
1
2 Peter
3
1 John
1
Revelation
16
WEB (99)
Matthew
16
Mark
10
Luke
10
John
10
Acts
11
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
4
Ephesians
1
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
2
Hebrews
9
2 Peter
1
1 John
1
Revelation
18
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πρῶτος, η, ον, v. cross πρότερος B.

πρότερος and πρῶτος,

Comp. and Sup. formed from πρό, opp. ὕστερος, ὕστατος . Comp. πρότερος, α, ον,

I of Place, before, in front, π. πόδες the fore -feet, Od. 19.228; π. ἵπποι horses in front, B. 5.43: but mostly,

II of Time, former, earlier, ἄνδρες Il. 21.405; ἄνθρωποι 5.637, 23.332; οἱ π . men of former times, 4.308 (rarely without Art., A. Ag. 1338 (anap.), etc.); οὗτος δὲ προτέρης γενεῆς π. τ' ἀνθρώπων Il. 23.790: also, older, opp. ὁπλότερος, 2.707, etc.; γενεῇ π . 15.182; but παῖδες π . children by the first or a former marriage, Od. 15.22; παῖδες ἐκ τῆς π. γυναικός Hdt. 7.2; τῇ προτέρῃ (sc. ἡμέρᾳ ) on the day before, Od. 16.50; ἠοῖ τῇ π . Il. 13.794 (in Prose more freq. τῇ προτεραίᾳ, cf. προτεραῖος ); τοῦ π. ἐνιαυτοῦ the year before, IG 12.352.11; τοῖς π. Παναθηναίοις the preceding P., ib.57.8; τὰ π . what has preceded, Plot. 3.2.8: freq. used predicatively, sts. where we should expect the Adv. (which is never used by Hom. ), ὅ με π. κάκ' ἔοργε Il. 3.351, cf. 16.569, Hes. Op. 708, etc.; σπονδὰς οὐ λύσετε πρότεροι Th. 1.123; οἱ π. ἐπιόντες ibid.; τοῖς π. μετὰ Κύρου ἀναβᾶσι X. An. 1.4.12, cf. IG 22.1.7; εἰ μὴ π. ἑωράκη αὐτὸν ἢ ἐκεῖνος ἐμέ Pl. R. 336d, cf. 432c, etc.; ὅτι εἴη π. ὑπὸ ἐκείνων ἠδικημένος PCair.Zçn. 288.9 (iii B.C.) .

2. as regular Comp., c. gen., ἐμέο πρότερος Il. 10.124; π. τούτων Hdt. 1.168, cf. Pl. Phd. 86b, Hp.Ma. 282d; τὰς γυναῖκας μὴ ἀπιέναι προτέρας τῶν ἀνδρῶν IG 12(5).593.19 (Iulis, v B.C. ); τῇ π. ἡμέρᾳ τῆς τροπῆς the day before . ., Arist. Pol. 1316a16; προτέρᾳ εἰδυῶν Ὀκτωμβρίων IG 7.2225.14 (Thisbe, Senatus Consultum, ii B.C. ); τῷ π. ἔτει Παναθηναίων τῶν μεγάλων ib.22.212.27; τῷ π. ἔτει τῆς ἥττης Plb. 2.43.6: folld. by ἤ, τῷ προτέρῳ ἔτεϊ ἢ τὸν κρητῆρα [ἐληΐσαντο ] Hdt. 3.47 . III of Rank, Worth, and generally of Precedence, superior, τῷ γένει, τῇ δυνάμει, Is. 1.17, D. 3.15; π. τινὸς πρός τι superior to him in . ., Pl. La. 183b; π. τι ἄγειν, π. ποιήσασθαι τὰ σὰ πράγματα, Lib. Or. 58.36, 52.1 . after Hom., neut. πρότερον freq. as Adv., before, earlier, Pi. O. 13.31, Hdt. 4.45, IG 12.374.265, etc.; ὀλίγον π . Pl. Prt. 317e: c. gen., π. φήμης A. Th. 866 (anap.); ὀλίγῳ τι π. τούτων Hdt. 8.95; πολλοῖσι ἔτεσι π. τούτων ib. 96; ἐνιαυτῷ π. τῆς ἁλώσεως D. 9.60; also πρὸ τῶν Περσικῶν δέκα ἔτεσι π . Pl. Lg. 642d, cf. Criti. 112a; τούτου π . Paus. 1.1.2: most freq. folld. by ἤ, π. ἢ κατὰ τὴν προσδοκίαν Pl. Sph. 264b; also μὴ π. ἀπαναστῆναι ἢ ἐξέλωσι Hdt. 9.87, cf. 7.54, Antipho 2.1.2, Th. 7.63, etc.: with inf., π. ἢ βασιλεῦσαι Hdt. 7.2, cf. Th. 1.69, etc.: folld. by πρίν, Hdt. 1.82; by πρὶν ἄν, ib. 140; by πρὶν ἤ with vb. in Indic., Id. 6.45, 8.8, or Subj., 7.8 . β (v.l. πρὶν ἂν ἢ ), 9.93; also οὐ π. εἰ μὴ . . Plu. Lys. 10, etc.; οὐ π. ἕως . ., or ἕως ἂν . ., Lys. 12.71, Ath. 14.640c; μὴ π., ἀλλ' ὅταν . . Plb. 9.13.3: also used with the Art., τὸ π . Pl. R. 522a, X. An. 4.4.14, etc. ( τὸ π ., also, for the first time, Ep. Galatians 4:13 ): c. gen., τὸ π. τῶν ἀνδρῶν τούτων Hdt. 2.144: the Adv. is freq. put between Art. and Subst., ὁ π. βασιλεύς Id. 1.84; τὰ π. ἀδικήματα Id. 6.87; αἱ π. ἁμαρτίαι Ar. Eq. 1355, etc. Sup. πρῶτος, η, ον, Dor. πρᾶτος (q.v.):

I as Adj.,

1 of Place, foremost, πρώτοισιν ἐνὶ προμάχοισι μιγέντα Od. 18.379; ἐν πρώτοις, μετὰ πρώτοισι alone, Il. 19.424, 11.64; πρώτῃ ἐν ὑσμίνῃ, ἐνὶ πρώτῳ ὁμάδῳ, 15.340, 17.380; τῆς πρώτης τάττειν (sc. τάξεως ) Isoc. 12.180, cf. Lys. 16.15, etc.; ἐν π. ῥυμῷ at the front or end of the pole, Il. 6.40, 16.371; πρώτῃσι θύρῃσιν at the outermost doors, 22.66; π. ξύλον the front bench, Ar. Ach. 25, Poll. 4.121, etc.; οἱ π. πόδες, like πρόσθιοι, Id. 1.193 .

2. of Time, στάντα πρὸς π. ἕω looking towards first dawn, S. OC 477; περὶ π. νύκτα Poll. 1.70 .

3. of Order, serving as ordinal to εἷς, ἄεθλα θῆκε . . τῷ πρώτῳ· ἀτὰρ αὖ τῷ δευτέρῳ . ., αὐτὰρ τῷ τριτάτῳ . ., κτλ ., Il. 23.265, cf. 6.179; opp. ὕστατος, 2.281, 5.703, etc.; opp. τελευταῖος, A. Ag. 314; opp. τανύστατος, Od. 9.449; πρῶτοι πάντων ἀνθρώπων Hdt. 2.2; τὰ π. τῶν ὀνομάτων Pl. Cra. 421d; τῇ π. τῶν ἡμερέων Hdt. 7.168, etc.; π. ἄξων IG 12.115.10; ἐπὶ τοῦ π. [ἱερείου ] first-offered, X. An. 4.3.9; ἐν τοῖς π. λόγοις in the earlier books, Arist. Ph. 263a11, al.; ἐν πρώτοις among the first, Is. 7.40; hence, above all, especially, Hdt. 8.69, Pl. R. 522c; in Att., ἐν τοῖς πρῶτοι (v. ὁ, ἡ, τό A. VIII. 6): freq. used predicatively of being the first to do something, Νέστωρ πρῶτος κτύπον ἄϊε Il. 10.532; πρῶτος ἀνατέλλει Eratosth. Cal. 42; εἴθε π. σοι ἐνέτυχον Luc. Tyr. 21 . Philos., first in order of existence, primary, αἱ π. οὐσίαι Arist. Cat. 2b26, cf. Metaph. 1032b2; π. ὕλη, π. φιλοσοφία, ib. 1015a7, 1061b19; primitive, simple, οἰκία π., ἡ π. πόλις, Id. Pol. 1252b10, 1291a17; ἡ π. κοινωνία ib. 1257a19; ἡ π. ὀλιγαρχία ib. 1293a14; ὁ π. συλλογισμός normal, typical, Id. Rh. 1357a17; τὰ π. σώματα, μόρια,= τὰ ὁμοιομερῆ, Gal. 5.673,674; πρῶτα κατὰ φύσιν, e.g. health, perception, Stoic. 3.34; τὰ π. πάθη ib.92; αἱ π. ἀρεταί ib.64. Math., πρῶτοι ἀριθμοί prime numbers, Euc. 7 Def. 11,12; but also, first numbers (= 1 to 100,000,000) in the notation of Archim., Aren. 3.2 . πρῶτος is sts. used where we should expect πρότερος, Αἰνείας δὲ πρῶτος ἀκόντισεν Il. 13.502, cf. 18.92: in late Greek folld. by gen., πρῶτός μου ἦν Ev.John 1:15; John 1:30; cf. John 15:18; οἱ πρῶτοί μου ταῦτα ἀνιχνεύσαντες Ael. NA 8.12; πρώτη εὕρηται ἡ περὶ τοὺς πόδας κίνησις τῆς διὰ τῶν χειρῶν Ath. 14.630c; γεννήτορα πρῶτον μητέρος εἰς ἀΐδην πέμψει Man. 1.329, 4.404; ἀλόχου πρῶτος before his wife, IG 12(5).590.5 (vi (?) A.D. ).

4. of Rank or Dignity, μετὰ πρώτοισιν among the first men of the state, Od. 6.60, etc.; νομίσαντες πρῶτοι ἂν εἶναι Th. 6.28; διαβάλλειν τοὺς π . X. An. 2.6.26, cf. Arist. Pol. 1266a18; αἱ π. πόλεις Th. 2.8; ὁ π. ἄρχων IG 12(3).481.10 ( Thera ), CIG 2837 ( Aphrodisias ); ὁ π. τῆς πόλεως, as a title, IG 12(5).292.2 ( Paros ); ὁ π. τῆς νήσου Acts 28:7; τῶν π. φίλων, title at the Ptolemaic court, PTeb. 31.15 (ii B.C.), etc.; τῶν π ., as military title, PHib. 1.110.72 (iii B.C.), PPetr. 3p.23 (iii B.C.), PTeb. 815 Fr. 4.23,al. (iii B.C.): c. gen., ἐν πρώτοισι Μυκηναίων Il. 15.643; οἱ π. στρατοῦ S. Ph. 1305, cf. E. Hec. 304, etc.: c. dat. modi, ἀρετῇ π., οἱ π. καὶ χρήμασι καὶ γένει, πλούτῳ π. τῶν Ἑλλήνων, etc., S. Ph. 1425, Th. 3.65, Isoc. 16.31, etc.; π. ἐν συμφοραῖς βίου S. OT 33 .

5. of Degree, first, highest, μοῖρα Id. OC 145 (anap.), etc.

II as Subst. in neut. pl. πρῶτα, τά,

1 (sc. ἆθλα ), first prize, τὰ π. λαβών Il. 23.275; τὰ π. δόρει κρατύνων S. OC 1313; ἔχειν πρῶτα κυναγεσίας AP 6.118 (Antip.); τὰ π. φέρεσθαι D.C. 42.57, etc.

2. first part, beginning, τῆς Ἰλιάδος τὰ π . Pl. R. 392e; ἐν τοῖς π . Id. Smp. 221d; τὸ π. τοῦ ᾄσματος Id. Prt. 343c .

3. first, highest, in degree, τὰ π. τᾶς λιμῶ ( Dor. ) the extremities of famine, Ar. Ach. 743 (nisi leg. ἄπρατα ) ; ἐχέτωσαν τὰ π. τῆς εὐδαιμονίας Luc. Cont. 10; ἐς τὰ π. τιμᾶσθαι Th. 3.39, cf. 56; φρενῶν ἐς τὰ ἐμεωυτοῦ π. οὔκω ἀνήκω I have not yet come to the highest development of my judgment, Hdt. 7.13, cf. D.C. 38.22; of persons, ἐὼν τῶν Ἐρετριέων τὰ π . Hdt. 6.100; Λάμπων . . Αἰγινητέων [ἐὼν] τὰ π . Id. 9.78, cf. E. Med. 917; ἐστὶν τὰ π. τῆς ἐκεῖ μοχθηρίας (of a person) Ar. Ra. 421 .

4. Philos., primary things, elements, Emp. 38.1, Arist. GC 335a29; τὰ π. αἴτια Id. Mete. 338a20; also τὸ π. ἐνυπάρχον ἑκάστῳ Id. Ph. 193a10 .

5. in Logic, the first undemonstrable propositions, on which all future conclusions rest, Id. Top. 100b18; τὰ π. ἀναπόδεικτα Id. APo. 71b26 .

III in Adverbial phrases,

1 τὴν πρώτην (sc. ὥραν, ὁδόν ) first, for the present, just now, Hdt. 3.134, Ar. Th. 662, D. 3.2, Arist. Metaph. 1038a35, etc.; τὴν πρώτην εἶναι Hdt. 1.153 .

2. with Preps., ἀπὸ πρώτης (sc. ἀρχῆς ) Antipho 5.56, Th. 1.77; ἀπὸ τῆς π. εὐθύς Luc. Hist.Conscr. 1; ἐκ π . Babr. 45.14; κατὰ πρώτας Pl. Plt. 292b, D.C. 52.19; κατὰ τὴν π. εὐθύς Id. 62.3; παρὰ τὴν π . the first time, opp. ἐπὶ τῆς δευτέρας, Philostr. VA 1.22 .

3. freq. as Adv. in neut. sg. and pl., πρῶτον, πρῶτα, first, in the first place, πρῶτόν τε καὶ ὕστατον (vulg. ὕστερον ) Hes. Th. 34; π. μὲν . ., δεύτερον αὖ . ., τὸ τρίτον αὖ . . Il. 6.179; τί π. τοι ἔπειτα, τί δ' ὑστάτιον καταλέξω; Od. 9.14; Κύπριδα μὲν πρῶτα . ., αὐτὰρ ἔπειτ' . . Il. 5.458; οὐρῆας μὲν π. ἐπῴχετο . ., αὐτὰρ ἔπειτα . . 1.50; π. μὲν . ., ἔπειτα δὲ . . S. OC 632, X. Cyr. 2.1.2, 23, An. 5.6.7 - 8, Hier. 11.8, etc.; π. μὲν . ., ἔπειτα . . Pl. Phd. 89a, etc.; π. μὲν . ., ἔπειτα δεύτερον . ., τρίτον δὲ . . Aeschin. 1.7; π. μὲν . ., εἶτα . . Pl. Phlb. 15b; π. μὲν . ., εἶτα δὲ . . X. An. 1.2.16; π. μὲν . ., εἶτα . ., ἔτι δὲ . . Id. Mem. 1.2.1; π. μὲν . ., . . δὲ αὖ . . Pl. Lg. 935a; π. μὲν . ., ἔτι δὲ . . Lys. 4.10, etc.; π. μὲν . ., ἔτι τοίνυν . . D. 44.57; freq. answered only by δέ, Id. 9.48, etc.; sts. the answering clause must be supplied, A. Ag. 810, D. 7.7, etc.: also πρῶτον μὲν . . δεύτερον μήν . . Pl. Phlb. 66a: also πρῶτα μὲν . ., ἔπειτα . . S. Tr. 616, Ar. Pl. 728; πρῶτα μὲν . ., ἔπειτα . ., εἶτα . . E. Med. 548; πρῶτα μὲν . ., . . δὲ . . A. Pr. 447; πρῶτα μὲν . ., ἔπειτα δὲ . . X HG 7.1.7, cf. S. Ph. 919; ἐπεί σε πρῶτα κιχάνω since my first meeting is with you, Od. 13.228, cf. 7.53, Il. 8.274: also τὸ πρῶτον, first, in the first place, at the beginning, ὡς τὸ π. ὑπέστην καὶ κατένευσα 4.267; οὕνεκά σ' οὐ τὸ π., ἐπεὶ ἴδον, ὧδ' ἀγάπησα Od. 23.214 . cf. Il. 3.443, 6.345, Pi. P. 9.41, N. 3.49; τὸ μὲν οὖν π . Pl. Prt. 333d, etc.; τὸ π . . ., μετὰ ταῦτα . . 1.12: also τὰ π ., Il. 1.6, Od. 1.257, etc.; πόντῳ μὲν τὰ π . . ., αὐτὰρ ἔπειτα . . Il. 4.424; τὰ π. μὲν . ., ὡς δὲ . . A. Pers. 412; τὰ π . . ., τέλος δὲ . . S. Fr. 149.5, cf. 966 . too early, before the time, ἦ τ' ἄρα καὶ σοὶ πρῶτα (v.l. for πρωΐ ) παραστήσεσθαι ἔμελλε Μοῖρ' ὀλοή Od. 24.28 . = πρότερον, before, ἢν . . πρῶτον ἀπόλωμαι κακῶς Ar. Ec. 1079; π. οὐδ' ὑφ' ἑνὸς . . κρατηθέντες X. HG 5.4.1; θάλασσα π. ἦν ἢ γενέσθαι γῆν v.l. in Heraclit. 31; λόγῳ π. ἢ τοῖς ἔργοις Arist. Rh.Al. 1420b28; οὐ π. αὐτὴν ἀπέκτειναν πρὶν ἢ ἀπεκύησεν Ael. VH 5.18; π. συμμελετᾶν ἢ μελετᾶν μαθέτω AP 12.206 ( Strat. ). first, for the first time, οὐ . . νῦν πρῶτα ποδώκεος ἄντ' Ἀχιλῆος στήσομαι Il. 20.89; οὐ νῦν πρῶτον, ἀλλὰ καὶ πάλαι S. Ph. 966; ἐνταῦθα πρῶτον ἔφαγον X. An. 2.3.16 . πρῶτον, πρῶτα are used after the relat. Pron. and after relat.Advbs., like Engl. once (= at all ), οὐδ' ἐνοσίχθων λήθετ' ἀπειλάων, τὰς . . Ὀδυσῆϊ π. ἐπηπείλησε Od. 13.127, cf. 3.320, 10.328, 13.133, Il. 1.319, 19.136; μοῖραν δ' οὔ τινά φημι πεφυγμένον ἔμμεναι ἀνδρῶν . . ἐπὴν τὰ π. γένηται when once he is born, 6.489, cf. Od. 3.183, 4.13, 414; οὔτε . . Λυκίους ἐδύναντο τείχεος ἂψ ὤσασθαι, ἐπεὶ τὰ π. πέλασθεν Il. 12.420, cf. Od. 11.106, 221; also ἐπεὶ τὸ (or τὰ ) π . now that . ., ἀλλ' ἐπεὶ οὖν τὸ π. ἀνέκραγον, οὐκ ἐπικεύσω now that I have spoken up, 14.467; τὸ μὲν οὔ ποτε φύλλα καὶ ὄζους φύσει, ἐπεὶ δὴ πρῶτα τομὴν ἐν ὄρεσσι λέλοιπε Il. 1.235, cf. 276, 19.9: c. part., τῷ ῥ' Αἴας τὸ π. ἐφεζόμενος μέγ' ἀάσθη (the rock) on which once seated blasphemed, Od. 4.509: the sense as soon as is never necessary in Hom., but is possible in Od. 4.414,

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* πρώτως ,

adv.,

first: Acts 11:26.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";Roman,"; as found in the TR of Luke 23:38, may beillustrated from a Greek translation of an unknown Latin, work made by a certain Isidorianus, P Ryl II. 62 (iii/A.D.), which ends—.29f. Ὀλύμπ [ιος ] Ἰσ [ι ]δωριανὸς [. . . . . . .] ἑρμήνευσα ἀπὸ Ῥω [μα ]ικῶν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πρωτα πρώτα πρώτά πρῶτα πρώται πρώταις πρώτας πρωτη πρωτή πρώτη πρώτῃ πρωτην πρώτην πρωτης πρώτης πρωτοι πρώτοι πρῶτοι πρωτοις πρώτοις ΠΡΩΤΟΝ πρώτον πρῶτον πρωτος πρώτος πρώτός πρῶτος πρῶτός πρωτου πρώτου πρωτους πρώτους πρωτω πρώτω πρώτῳ πρωτων πρώτων πρωτως πρώτως prota prôta prōta prō̂ta prote prōtē prṓte prṓtē prṓtei prṓtēi proten prōtēn prṓten prṓtēn protes prōtēs prṓtes prṓtēs proto prōtō protoi prôtoi prōtoi prṓtoi prṓtōi prō̂toi protois prōtois prṓtois PRoTON prôton PRŌTON prōtōn prṓton prṓtōn prō̂ton protos prôtos prôtós prōtos prōtōs prṓtos prṓtōs prō̂tos prō̂tós protou prōtou prṓtou protous prōtous prṓtous
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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