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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4437 - πυκνός

Transliteration
pyknós
Phonetics
pook-nos'
Origin
from the same as (4635)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. thick, dense, compact
    1. in reference to time
      1. frequently, often, recurring
    2. vigorously, diligently
    3. often, more frequently, the oftener
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2793 ‑ חֹרֶשׁ (kho'‑resh);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (3)
Luke
1
Acts
1
1 Timothy
1
NAS (4)
Luke
1
Acts
2
1 Timothy
1
HCS (3)
Luke
1
Acts
1
1 Timothy
1
BSB (3)
Luke
1
Acts
1
1 Timothy
1
ESV (3)
Luke
1
Acts
1
1 Timothy
1
WEB (3)
Luke
1
Acts
1
1 Timothy
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πυκνός, ή, όν, poet. also πῠκῐνός, ή, όν, both forms in Ep. (v. infr.) and Lyr., Pi. O. 13.52 ( Sup. ), B. Fr. 1; Aeol. πύκνος Sapph. 1.11, Alc. Supp. 14.9 ( πύκινος is dub. l. Id. 82 ); Trag. πυκνός, exc. S. in lyr., Aj. 1208, Ph. 854; πυκινός once in Com., Eub. 38 (s.v.l.): Lacon. Sup. πουκότατος is corrupt in Simm. 26.17: close, compact. I of a thing with reference to the close union of its parts, close, firm, solid, πυκινὸς θώρηξ Il. 15.529; χλαῖναν πυκνὴν καὶ μεγάλην Od. 14.521; πυκινὸν νέφος Il. 5.751; πυκινὸν λέχος well-stuffed, firm bed, 9.621, Od. 7.340; πυκνὸν καὶ μαλακόν Il. 14.349; Ἁρμονίης πυκινῷ κρυφῷ Emp. 27.3; σπάρτα πυκνὰ ἐστραμμένα X. An. 4.7.15; π. δέμας Parm. 8.59; of a sponge, Hp. Ulc. 2; π. ὀστοῦν Pl. Ti. 75b, cf. Hp. VM 22; [ σάρκες ] Pl. Ti. 74e; χρυσοῦ πυκνότερον ib. 59b; ἔβενος Thphr. HP 1.5.5; πλεύμων Plu. 2.698b; χωρία ib.650d; πυκινὴν νάπαις Ἄζιλιν Call. Ap. 89; [ ὁ ἐλαιὼν] πυκνός ἐστι τοῖς φυτοῖς overgrown with plants, PFay. 113.8 (i/ii A.D.); ξοῒς χαρακτὴ π. IG 7.3073.104 (Lebad., ii B.C. ); of a woman, thick-set, stocky, Sor. 1.34 .

2. narrow, constricted, οὐ διέρχεται . . ἀρκέουσα ἰκμάς . ., πυκνῆς τῆς ὁδοῦ ἐούσης Hp. Mul. 1.73; πυκνοὺς ἔχουσι τοὺς πόρους τοῦ σώματος Alex.Aphr. Proverbs 1:6 .

II of the parts of a thing, close-packed, crowded, πυκιναὶ κίνυντο φάλαγγες Il. 4.281; τῶν δὲ στίχες ἥατο πυκναί 7.61, etc.; πυκινὸν λόχον εἷσαν 4.392, etc.(v. infr. 111.1 ); πυκνὰ καρήατα λαῶν 11.309; πυκνοὶ ἐφέστασαν ἀλλήλοισιν 13.133, cf. Od. 5.480; σταυροῖσιν πυκινοῖσι Il. 24.453; σταυροὺς . . πυκνοὺς καὶ θαμέας Od. 14.12; of thick plumage, πυκινὰ πτερά 5.53; πτερὰ πυκνά Il. 11.454, 23.879; but πύκνα πτέρα fast-beating wings, Sapph. 1.11 (and so perh. Hom. ll. cc.); freq. of thick foliage, ὕλη, λόχμη, θάμνοι, ὄζοι, ῥωπήϊα, δρυμά, πέταλα, Il. 18.320, Od. 19.439, 5.471, Il. 21.245, Od. 14.473, 10.150, 19.520; π. νέφεα Hes. Op. 553; πυκινοῖσι λίθοισι with close-laid stones, Il. 16.212; πυκινοῖσι . . βελέεσσι with a thick shower of darts, 11.576; πυκνῆσιν λιθάδεσσιν Od. 14.36; τοξεύματα πολλὰ καὶ π. Hdt. 7.218; πυκνοῖς ὄσσοις δεδορκώς, of Argus, A. Pr. 678; πεπλεκτανημέναι π. δράκουσιν, of the Furies, Id. Ch. 1050; of thick-falling rain, snow, etc., πυκνῆς ἀκοῦσαι ψακάδος S. Fr. 636; πυκιναῖς δρόσοις Id. Aj. 1208 (lyr.); πυκνῇ νιφάδι E. Andr. 1129; π. ῥόος a dense current, Emp. 100.14; π. θρίξ X. Cyn. 4.6; π. τρίχες Pl. Prt. 321a; [ δένδρεα ] Hdt. 4.22, cf. X. An. 4.8.2; τὰ μὲν π . . . τὰ δὲ μανὰ κατὰ τὴν φυτείαν Thphr. HP 1.8.2 . in Tactics, in close order, opp. ἀραιός, Ascl. Tact. 4.1 ( Sup. ), Arr. Tact. 11.1 ( Comp. ).

2. of a repeated action, frequent, numerous, πυκνοὺς θεοπρόπους ἴαλλε A. Pr. 658; τῶν π. φιλημάτων Id. Fr. 135; ὀδύναι πυκνόταται Hp. VM 22; πυκινῶν κρεγμῶν ἀκροαζομένα Epich. 109 (anap.); π. ὁδοὺς ἐλθόντα E. Tr. 235; π. βαίνων ἤλυσιν, of a blind man, Id. Ph. 844; ἐν πυκνῷ θεοῦ τροχῷ κυκλεῖται on the oft-revolving wheel, S. Fr. 871.1; μεταβολαὶ πυκνόταται Hp. Aër. 13; πνεῦμα πυκνότερον quicker breathing, Id. Acut. 16; π. σφυγμὸς ἢ μανός Plu. 2.136f; continuous, constant, φῶς Corp.Herm. 16.10; ἐρωτήμασι πυκνοῖς χρώμενοι Th. 7.44; . . εἰωθυῖά μοι μαντικὴ . . πάνυ πυκνὴ ἦν Pl. Ap. 40a; ἐπιθυμίαι π. τε καὶ σφοδραί Id. R. 573e; τὰς ἐντεύξεις π. ποιεῖσθαι Isoc. 1.20: c. inf., πυκνοτέραν εἰσαφικνεῖσθαι πᾶσιν ἀνθρώποις ποιεῖν τὴν πόλιν more frequently visited by . ., X. Vect. 5.1 codd.

III of artificial union, well put together, compact, strong, πυκινὸς δόμος, χηλός, θύραι, θάλαμος, κευθμῶνες (v. infr. B. 111.1), Il. 10.267, Od. 13.68, Il. 14.167, Od. 23.229, 10.283; ἀσπὶς ῥινοῖσιν πυκινή Il. 13.804; π. δῶμα Xenoph. 17: hence, close, concealed, πυκινὸς δόλος Il. 6.187; and so perhaps π. λόχος, v. supr. 11.1 .

2. in Music, πυκνόν, τό, part of the tetrachord in which the intervals are small, defined as τὸ ἐκ δύο διαστημάτων συνεστηκὸς ἃ συντεθέντα ἔλαττον διάστημα περιέξει τοῦ λειπομένου διαστήματος ἐν τῷ διὰ τεσσάρων Aristox. Harm. p.24M., cf. Plu. 2.1135b, etc. generally, strong of its kind, sore, excessive, ἄτη Il. 24.480; μελεδῶναι Od. 19.516; ἄχος Il. 16.599 .

metaph. of the mind, shrewd, wise, πυκιναὶ φρένες 14.294, cf. Alc. Supp. 14.9, B. l.c.; νόος Il. 15.461; μήδεα 3.208; βουλή 2.55; ἐφετμή 18.216; μῦθοι Od. 3.23; ἔπος Il. 11.788; θυμός, βουλαί, Pi. P. 4.73, I. 7(6).8; φρήν E. IA 67; μήτιδι πυκνῇ Orac. ap. Hdt. 7.141, cf. IG 3.1320: in Prose, πυκνὴ διάνοια Pl. R. 568a; τὸ π. terseness of expression, D.H. Th. 24 .

2. of persons, sagacious, shrewd, crafty, cunning, Σίσυφος πυκνότατος παλάμαις Pi. O. 13.52; κύων πυκινώτατον ἑρπετόν Id. Fr. 106; πυκινοί the wise, S. Ph. 854 (lyr.); πυκνότατον κίναδος Ar. Av. 430 (lyr.); πυκνός τις καὶ σοφὸς γνώμην ἀνήρ Critias 25.12 . Adv. πυκινῶς, and after Hom. πυκνῶς, θύραι or σανίδες πυκινῶς ἀραρυῖαι close or fast shut, Il. 9.475, Od. 2.344, etc.

2. sorely (v. supr. A. IV), πυκινῶς ἀκαχήμενος Il. 19.312, cf. Od. 19.95, al.; constantly, ὅταν π. διᾴττωσι X. Cyn. 6.22 .

3. sagaciously, shrewdly, π. ὑποθήσομαι Od. 1.279, cf. Il. 21.293; πυκνῶς ἀνευρεῖν Ar. Th. 438 (lyr., s.v.l.).

II neut. sg. and pl., πυκνόν, πυκνά, πυκινόν, πυκινά as Adv., esp. in the sense much, often, πήρην πυκνὰ ῥωγαλέην a much torn wallet, a wallet full of holes, Od. 13.438, 17.198; πυκινόν περ ἀχεύων 11.88; τέττιξ . . καταχεύετ' ἀοιδὴν πυκνόν Hes. Op. 584: in Prose, πυκνὰ ἐκπίπτει ὦμος Hp. Art. 2; πυκνὰ ἀποβλέπειν Pl. R. 501b; πυκνὰ στρέφεσθαι X. An. 6.1.8; πυκνὸν ἀναπνεῖν Arist. Rh. 1357b19; πυκνότερον ἰέναι, παρέρχεσθαι, Pl. R. 328d, D. 41.24; πυκνότερα ἐπάγειν Pl. Cra. 420d . Adv. -οτέρως Lesb.Gramm. 23, PLond. 5.1929 (iv A.D.): Sup. πυκνότατα X. Eq. 11.11 .

2. πυκινὰ φρονεῖν (v. supr. A.V) Od. 9.445 .

III poet. Adv. πύκα [ ], thickly, solidly, θαλάμου πύκα ποιητοῖο 1.436; π. π. δόμοιο 22.455; σάκεος π. π. Il. 18 . 608; Λυκίων π. θωρηκτάων 12.317, cf. 15.689, 739; πύλαι π. στιβαρῶς ἀραρυῖαι 12.454 .

2. θάλαμος πύκ' ἐβάλλετο with thick-falling darts, 9.588 .

3. wisely, π. φρονεῖν ib. 554, 14.217, Q.S. 1.449, al.; τρέφειν rear carefully, Il. 5.70 .

πυκνός, gen. of πνύξ (q.v.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πυκιός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX: Ezekiel 31:3 A (H2793), 3 Maccabees 1:28; 3 Maccabees 4:10, 4 Maccabees 12:12*;]

1. close, compact, solid.

2. frequent: 1 Timothy 5:23. Neut. pl., πυκνά , as adv., much, often: Mark 7:3 Τ (see πυγμή ), Luke 5:33. Comparat., πυκνότερον , very often or so much the oftener (v.Bl., § 44, 3,): Acts 24:26.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";sound a trumpet,"; is often understood metaph. in Matthew 6:2, as by Klostermann in HZNT, where he compares the use of the subst. in Achilles Tatius viii. 10 οὐχ ὑπὸ σάλπιγγι μόνον ἀλλὰ καὶ κήρυκι μοιχεύεται. For a defence of the literal meaning by a reference to the sounding of the ram’s horn (shofar) on the occasion of public fasts, see Büchler in JTS x. (1909), p. 266 ff., also Klein in ZNTW vi. (1905), p. 203 f.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πυκνα πυκνά πυκνὰ πυκνας πυκνάς πυκνός πυκνοτερον πυκνότερον pukna puknas puknoteron pykna pyknà pyknas pyknás pyknoteron pyknóteron
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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