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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4461 - ῥαββί

of Hebrew origin (H7227) with pronominal suffix
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. my great one, my honourable sir
  2. Rabbi, a title used by the Jews to address their teachers (and also honour them when not addressing them)
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (14)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
John 8
BSB (15)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
John 8
CSB (15)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
John 8
ESV (14)
Matthew 5
Mark 3
John 8
KJV (15)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
John 8
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (15)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
John 8
N95 (15)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
John 8
NAS (15)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
John 8
NLT (0)
The New Living Translation
did not use
this Strong's Number
WEB (16)
Matthew 4
Mark 4
John 8
YLT (14)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
John 8
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


O my Master, Hebr. word in Ev.Matthew 23:7, al.; also ῥαββονί or ῥαββουνί, Ev.Mark 10:51, Ev.John 20:16 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ῤαββί, T WH ῥαββει (cf. Buttmann, p. 6; WHs Appendix, p. 155; see εἰ, ) (Hebrew רַבִּי from רַב, much, great), properly, my great one, my honorable sir; (others incorrectly regard the ִ־י as the yodh paragogic); Rabbi, a title with which the Jews were accustomed to address their teachers (and also to honor them when not addressing them; cf. the Frenchmonsieur, monseigneur): Matthew 23:7; translated into Greek by διδάσκαλος, Matthew 23:8 G L T Tr WH; John the Baptist is addressed by this title, John 3:26; Jesus: both by his disciples, Matthew 26:25, 49; Mark 9:5; Mark 11:21; John 1:38 (39),49(50); ; and by others, John 3:2; John 6:25; repeated to indicate earnestness (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 65, 5 a.) ῤαββί, ῤαββί, R G in Matthew 23:7 and Mark 14:45; (so רבי רבי for אבי אבי in the Targ. on 2 Kings 2:12). Cf. Lightfoot Horae Hebrew et Talmud. on Matthew 23:7; Pressel in Herzog edition 1 xii, p. 471f; (Ginsburg in Alex.'s Kitto, under the word Rabbi; Hamburger, Real-Encyclopädie, under Rabban, vol. ii., p. 943f).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(Rec. -βί , v. WH, App., 155)

(Heb. and Aram. H7227, my master; v. Dalman, Words, 327, 331 ff.),

a title of respectful address to Jewish teachers, Rabbi: Matthew 23:7-8; of John, John 3:26; of Christ, Matthew 26:25; Matthew 26:49, Mark 9:5; Mark 11:21; Mark 14:45, John 1:30; John 1:50; John 3:2; John 4:31; John 6:25; John 9:2; John 11:8; κύριε ῥ Mark 10:51 (WH, mg., see ῥαββουνεί ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

It lies outside our purpose to discuss the theological implications underlying the use of this important word in the NT. They are due partly to the influence of the LXX, and partly to the language-forming power of Christianity by which old terms were ";baptized"; into new conditions : see the full discussion of the term in Greek and Hebrew writings until A.D. 180 in Burton, ";Spirit, Soul, and Flesh"; (Chicago, 1918), and the same writer’s ";Commentary on Gaiatians"; (in ICC) p. 492 ff., also Lightfoot Notes, p. 88 f. All that can be attempted here is to cite a few exx. of the word from the inscrr. It does not seem to occur in the papyri.

Thus for σάρξ = κρέας see OGIS 78.16 (B.C. 221–205) δίδων. . . σάρκα πεντάμναιον ἀπ [ὸ τῶ β ]οὺς τῶ θυομένω τῶ Δὶ τῶ Σώ [τηρ ]ι, and, for the plur., Syll 645 (= .31047).7 (c. B.C. 100) παρατιθέτω ]σαν δὲ καὶ ἐ [π ]ὶ τὴν τρά [πεζαν τοῦ μὲν βοὸς. . ... καὶ ] γλῶσσαν καὶ σάρκας τρεῖς (tres carnium portioncs) : cf. also Preisigke 4314.6 (iii/B.C.) σάρκας ἔδευσε πυρί, and Syll 805 (= .31171).5 (Rom.) ὥστε σάρκας ἐνπύου [ς καὶ ] ᾑμαγμένας δι᾽ ὅλης ἡμέρας ἀ [πο ]βάλλειν, in an account of healing worked by Aesculapius.

The common contrast between πνεῦμα and σάρξ is seen in the ii/i B.C. Jewish invocation for vengeance from Rhenei"; (Rhenea), which begins—

Ἐπικαλοῦμαι καὶ ἀξιῶ τὸν θεὸν τὸν

ὕψιστον, τὸν κύριον τῶν πνευμάτων

καὶ πάσης σαρκός.

See further Deissmann LAE2, p. 413 ff., and for a similar formula in Christian inscrr. cf. Preisigke 2034.2 ὁ θ (εὸ)ς ὅ (λ)ων π (νευ ]μάτων καὶ πάσης σαρκός, and similarly 3901.2, 4949.3. For the Hellenistic use of σάρξ instead of σῶμα in Epicurus, see Sententiae iv. and xx., with Bailey’s notes, pp. 350. 360.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Ραββει Ῥαββεί ραββί ῥαββί rabbi rhabbi rhabbí
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