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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4461 - ῥαββί
- my great one, my honourable sir
- Rabbi, a title used by the Jews to address their teachers (and also honour them when not addressing them)
O my Master, Hebr. word in Ev.Matthew 23:7, al.; also ῥαββονί or ῥαββουνί, Ev.Mark 10:51, Ev.John 20:16 .
(Rec. -βί , v. WH, App., 155)
(Heb. and Aram. H7227, my master; v. Dalman, Words, 327, 331 ff.),
a title of respectful address to Jewish teachers, Rabbi: Matthew 23:7-8; of John, John 3:26; of Christ, Matthew 26:25; Matthew 26:49, Mark 9:5; Mark 11:21; Mark 14:45, John 1:30; John 1:50; John 3:2; John 4:31; John 6:25; John 9:2; John 11:8; κύριε ῥ Mark 10:51 (WH, mg., see ῥαββουνεί ).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
It lies outside our purpose to discuss the theological implications underlying the use of this important word in the NT. They are due partly to the influence of the LXX, and partly to the language-forming power of Christianity by which old terms were ";baptized"; into new conditions : see the full discussion of the term in Greek and Hebrew writings until A.D. 180 in Burton, ";Spirit, Soul, and Flesh"; (Chicago, 1918), and the same writer’s ";Commentary on Gaiatians"; (in ICC) p. 492 ff., also Lightfoot Notes, p. 88 f. All that can be attempted here is to cite a few exx. of the word from the inscrr. It does not seem to occur in the papyri.
Thus for σάρξ = κρέας see OGIS 78.16 (B.C. 221–205) δίδων. . . σάρκα πεντάμναιον ἀπ [ὸ τῶ β ]οὺς τῶ θυομένω τῶ Δὶ τῶ Σώ [τηρ ]ι, and, for the plur., Syll 645 (= .31047).7 (c. B.C. 100) παρατιθέτω ]σαν δὲ καὶ ἐ [π ]ὶ τὴν τρά [πεζαν τοῦ μὲν βοὸς. . ... καὶ ] γλῶσσαν καὶ σάρκας τρεῖς (tres carnium portioncs) : cf. also Preisigke 4314.6 (iii/B.C.) σάρκας ἔδευσε πυρί, and Syll 805 (= .31171).5 (Rom.) ὥστε σάρκας ἐνπύου [ς καὶ ] ᾑμαγμένας δι᾽ ὅλης ἡμέρας ἀ [πο ]βάλλειν, in an account of healing worked by Aesculapius.
The common contrast between πνεῦμα and σάρξ is seen in the ii/i B.C. Jewish invocation for vengeance from Rhenei"; (Rhenea), which begins—
Ἐπικαλοῦμαι καὶ ἀξιῶ τὸν θεὸν τὸν
ὕψιστον, τὸν κύριον τῶν πνευμάτων
καὶ πάσης σαρκός.
See further Deissmann LAE2, p. 413 ff., and for a similar formula in Christian inscrr. cf. Preisigke 2034.2 ὁ θ (εὸ)ς ὅ (λ)ων π (νευ ]μάτων καὶ πάσης σαρκός, and similarly 3901.2, 4949.3. For the Hellenistic use of σάρξ instead of σῶμα in Epicurus, see Sententiae iv. and xx., with Bailey’s notes, pp. 350. 360.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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