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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4501 - ῥομφαία

probably of foreign origin
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a large sword
  2. properly a long Thracian javelin, also a kind of long sword wont to be worn on the right shoulder
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2595 ‑ חֲנִית (khan‑eeth');  2719 ‑ חֶרֶב (kheh'‑reb);  3979 ‑ מַאֲכֶלֶת (mah‑ak‑eh'‑leth);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (8)
Luke 1
Revelation 7
BSB (7)
Luke 1
Revelation 6
CSB (7)
Luke 1
Revelation 6
ESV (7)
Luke 1
Revelation 6
KJV (7)
Luke 1
Revelation 6
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (0)
The Legacy Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
N95 (0)
The New American Standard Bible (1995)
did not use
this Strong's Number
NAS (0)
The New American Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
NLT (7)
Luke 3
Revelation 10
WEB (8)
Luke 1
Revelation 7
YLT (7)
Luke 1
Revelation 6
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ῥομφαία, ἡ,

large, broad sword, used by the Thracians, ὀρθὰς ῥ. βαρυσιδήρους ἀπὸ τῶν δεξιῶν ὤμων ἐπισείοντες Plu. Aem. 18, cf. Phylarch. Fr. 57 J., Arr. Fr. 103J.: generally, sword, LXX Genesis 3:24, al., Ev.Luke 2:35, Revelation 6:8, Jul. Ep. 89b; of the sword of Goliath, LXX 1 Samuel 17:51, J. AJ 6.12.4 .

II = νυκτερίς, Cyran. 36.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ῤομφαία, ῤομφαίας, , a large sword; properly, a long Thracian javelin (cf. Rich, Dict. of Antiq. under the word Rhompaea); also a kind of long sword usually worn on the right shoulder (Hesychius ῤομφαία. Θρακιον ἀμυντηριον, μάχαιρα, ξίφος ἀκόντιον μακρόν; (Suidas 3223 c. (cf. ῥεμβω to revolve, vibrate)); cf. Plutarch, Aemil. 18); (A. V. sword): Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:12, 16; Revelation 6:8; Revelation 19:15, 21; σου δέ αὐτῆς τήν ψυχήν διελεύσεται ῤομφαία, a figure for 'extreme anguish shall fill (pierce, as it were) thy soul', Luke 2:35, where cf. Kuinoel. (Josephus, Antiquities 6, 12, 4; 7, 12, 1; in Ev. Nicod. 26 the archangel Michael, keeper of Paradise, is called φλογινη ῤομφαία. Very often in the Sept. for חֶרֶב; often also in the O. T. Apocrypha.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ῥομφαία , -ας , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2719;]

a large broad sword, used by the Thracians (v. DB, iv, 634); then generally (in LXX used interchangeably with μάχαιρα , q.v.), a sword: Revelation 1:16; Revelation 2:12; Revelation 2:16; Revelation 6:8; Revelation 19:15; Revelation 19:21; metaph., Luke 2:35.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The verb is restored (Berichtigungen, p. 322) in P Oxy III. 471.41 (ii/A.D.), where an advocate asks—ταῦτ [α δὲ ἐκ ] τίνος αἰτ [ ]α ̣ς ̤ σ [εσίγη ]κας; ";what reason had you for being silent regarding this?"; For the compd. κατασιγάω, ";become silent,"; cf. CP Herm I. 25ii. 2 (iii/A.D.) οὔτε συσκευα [ὶ οὔ ]τε ἀπειλαὶ κατεσίγησαν μ ̣[ . . .

Herwerden (Lex. s.v.) cites the saying of Simonides apud Plut. Mor. 125 D ἔλεγε μηδέποτ᾽ αὐτῷ μεταμελῆσαι σιγήσαντι, φθεγξαμένῳ δὲ πολλάκις.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ρομφαια ρομφαία ρομφάια ῥομφαία ῥομφαίᾳ ρομφαίαι ρομφαίαις ρομφαιαν ρομφαίαν ῥομφαίαν ρομφαίας ρομφαιών ρόπαλον ροπή rhomphaia rhomphaía rhomphaíāi rhomphaian rhomphaían romphaia romphaian
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