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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4505 - ῥύμη

prolongation from (G4506) in its original sense
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a swing, rush, force, trail, of a body in motion
  2. a tract of way in a town shut in by buildings on both sides
  3. a street, a lane
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7339 ‑ רְחוֹב (rekh‑obe', rekh‑obe');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ῥύμ-η [ ], , force, swing, rush of a body in motion, ῥύμῃ ἐμπίπτειν with a swing, Th. 2.76; πτερύγων ῥύμη rush of wings, Ar. Pax 86, cf. Av. 1182; τροχοῦ ῥύμαισι τευκτὸν . . κύτος formed by the whirl of the potter's wheel, Antiph. 52.2, cf. Ar. Ecclesiastes 4:1-16; ἡ ῥ. τοῦ αἵματος the flow of blood in the veins, Hp. Medic. 6; ἡ ῥ. τη[]ς ἐκκρούσεως X. Cyn. 10.12; τῆς ῥ. τῆς ἁλιάδος ὁ ψόφος, of the noise made by a boat in motion, Arist. HA 533b19: metaph., εὐτυχεῖ ῥύμῃ θεοῦ E. Rh. 64; ἡ ῥ. τῆς τύχης Plu. Caes. 53; ἡ ῥ. τῆς ὀργῆς κτλ . the vehemence of passion, D. 21.99; γλώσσης ῥ. Lyr.Alex.Adesp. 35.11, cf. Eun. Hist. p.245 D.

2. abs., rush, charge, of soldiers, Th. 2.81; of ships, Id. 7.70; τῶν ἵππων X. Cyr. 7.1.31, cf. Polyaen. 4.3.5, al., Ach.Tat. 1.12; ὑπὸ τοῦ ῥοίβδου καὶ τῆς ῥ . Ar. Nu. 407 .

3. = cross ῥοπή, Chrysipp. ap. Sch.T Il. 22.212 .

II street, Aen.Tact. 2.5, 3.4; τὴν ῥ. ὁδοιπορεῖν Philippid. 13, cf. LXX Isaiah 15:3, al.; of a Roman camp, Plb. 6.29.1; lane, alley, PCair.Zen. 764.142 (iii B.C.), PStrassb. 86.19 (ii B.C.), Acts 9:11; slit, chink, dub.l. in Hp. Cord. 2 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ῤύμη, ῥυμης, (from Ρ᾽ΥΩ equivalent to ἐρύω 'to draw' (but Curtius, § 517; Vanicek, p. 1210, others, connect it with ῤέω 'to flow'));

1. in earlier Greek the swing, rush, force, trail, of a body in motion.

2. in later Greek a tract of way in a town shut in by buildings on both sides; a street, lane: Matthew 6:2; Luke 14:21; Acts 9:11; Acts 12:10; cf. Isaiah 15:3; Sir. 9:7; Tobit 13:18. Cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 401; (Rutherford, New Phryn., p. 488; Wetstein on Matt. as above; Winer's Grammar, 22, 23).

STRONGS NT 4505a: ῤυπαίνω ῤυπαίνω: (ῤύπος, which see); to make filthy, befoul; to defile, dishonor (Xenophon, Aristotle, Dionysius Halicarnassus, Plato, others); 1 aorist passive imperative 3 person singular ῤυπανθήτω, let him be made filthy, i. e. tropically, let him continue to defile himself with sins, Revelation 22:11 L T Tr WH text

STRONGS NT 4505a: ῥυπαρεύομαι ῥυπαρεύομαι: 1 aorist (passive) imperative 3 person singular ῤυπαρευθήτω; (ῤυπαρός, which see); to be dirty, grow filthy; metaphorically, to be defiled with iniquity: Revelation 22:11 G L stereotyped edition. WH marginal reading Found nowhere else; see ῤυπαίνω and ῤυπόω.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ῥύμη , -ης , ,

[in LXX: Isaiah 15:3 (H7339), Proverbs 31:23 א , Tobit 13:18, Sirach 9:7 א 1*;]

1. in cl., the force, rush, swing, of a moving body; esp. of a charge of soldiers.

2. In late Greek (as in Macedonian, v. Kennedy, Sources, 15), a narrow road, lane, street: in Polyb., of a road in camp; in LXX and NT (Papyri also) of streets in a town, Matthew 6:2, Luke 14:21 Acts 9:11; Acts 12:10 (cf. Rutherford, NPhr., 488).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the declension of this place-name in the LXX, see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 169. In Mark 7:31 Wellhausen (Evang. Marci, p. 60) thinks we should read εἰς Βηθσαιδάν for διὰ Σιδῶνος : cf. also Allen Mark ad l.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ρυμαις ρύμαις ῥύμαις ρυμας ρύμας ῥύμας ρυμην ρύμην ῥύμην rhymais rhýmais rhymas rhýmas rhymen rhymēn rhýmen rhýmēn rumais rumas rumen rumēn
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