Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4505 - ῥύμη
- a swing, rush, force, trail, of a body in motion
- a tract of way in a town shut in by buildings on both sides
- a street, a lane
ῥύμ-η [ ῡ], ἡ, force, swing, rush of a body in motion, ῥύμῃ ἐμπίπτειν with a swing, Th. 2.76; πτερύγων ῥύμη rush of wings, Ar. Pax 86, cf. Av. 1182; τροχοῦ ῥύμαισι τευκτὸν . . κύτος formed by the whirl of the potter's wheel, Antiph. 52.2, cf. Ar. Ecclesiastes 4:1-16; ἡ ῥ. τοῦ αἵματος the flow of blood in the veins, Hp. Medic. 6; ἡ ῥ. της ἐκκρούσεως X. Cyn. 10.12; τῆς ῥ. τῆς ἁλιάδος ὁ ψόφος, of the noise made by a boat in motion, Arist. HA 533b19: metaph., εὐτυχεῖ ῥύμῃ θεοῦ E. Rh. 64; ἡ ῥ. τῆς τύχης Plu. Caes. 53; ἡ ῥ. τῆς ὀργῆς κτλ . the vehemence of passion, D. 21.99; γλώσσης ῥ. Lyr.Alex.Adesp. 35.11, cf. Eun. Hist. p.245 D.
2. abs., rush, charge, of soldiers, Th. 2.81; of ships, Id. 7.70; τῶν ἵππων X. Cyr. 7.1.31, cf. Polyaen. 4.3.5, al., Ach.Tat. 1.12; ὑπὸ τοῦ ῥοίβδου καὶ τῆς ῥ . Ar. Nu. 407 .
3. = cross ῥοπή, Chrysipp. ap. Sch.T Il. 22.212 .
II street, Aen.Tact. 2.5, 3.4; τὴν ῥ. ὁδοιπορεῖν Philippid. 13, cf. LXX Isaiah 15:3, al.; of a Roman camp, Plb. 6.29.1; lane, alley, PCair.Zen. 764.142 (iii B.C.), PStrassb. 86.19 (ii B.C.), Acts 9:11; slit, chink, dub.l. in Hp. Cord. 2 .
ῥύμη , -ης , ἡ ,
[in LXX: Isaiah 15:3 (H7339), Proverbs 31:23 א , Tobit 13:18, Sirach 9:7 א 1*;]
1. in cl., the force, rush, swing, of a moving body; esp. of a charge of soldiers.
2. In late Greek (as in Macedonian, v. Kennedy, Sources, 15), a narrow road, lane, street: in Polyb., of a road in camp; in LXX and NT (Papyri also) of streets in a town, Matthew 6:2, Luke 14:21 Acts 9:11; Acts 12:10 (cf. Rutherford, NPhr., 488).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For the declension of this place-name in the LXX, see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 169. In Mark 7:31 Wellhausen (Evang. Marci, p. 60) thinks we should read εἰς Βηθσαιδάν for διὰ Σιδῶνος : cf. also Allen Mark ad l.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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