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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4508 - ῥυπαρός

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4509)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to be dirty, grow filthy
  2. metaph. to be defiled with iniquity
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6674 ‑ צֹא (tso, tso);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
James 1
NAS (3)
James 1
Revelation 2
CSB (2)
James 1
Revelation 1
BSB (2)
James 1
Revelation 1
ESV (2)
James 1
Revelation 1
WEB (1)
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ῥῠπᾰρός, ά, όν,

filthy, dirty, κόλυθρον Telecl. 3; δάπιδες Pherecr. 185; ῥ. εἴριον greasy, Hp. Fract. 21; γαστέρας Id. Prorrh. 2.23 (s.v.l.); unpurged, σῶμα Alex.Trall. Febr. 7 .

2. metaph., sordid, mean, ἤδη χορηγὸν πώποτε -ώτερον τοῦδ' εἶδες; Eup. 306; uncultured, ῥ. τρόποι Philetaer. 18; βίος δουλοπρεπὴς καὶ ῥ . Arist. VV 1251b13; ῥ. πολῖται, ὄχλος, D.H. 7.8, 9.44; of style, Longin. 43.5. Adv. -ρῶς Men. 142, Epicur. Sent.Vat. 43, Arr. Epict. 2.9.4, AP 10.48 ( Pall. ): Sup. -ώτατα D.C. 59.4 .

3. of coins, made of base metal, gold or silver alloy, ἀργυρίου ῥυπαρὰς δραχμάς BGU 214.12 (ii A.D.), cf. Ostr.Bodl. ii 32 (ii A.D.), al.

4. κροτὼν ῥ ., prob. = ἀδειγμάτιστος, PCair.Zen. 670.6 (iii B.C.); σῖτος ῥ . unwinnowed, PFay. 16.10 (i B.C.); κριθὴ ῥ . POxy. 1542.7 (iv A.D.) .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ῤυπαρός, ῤυπαρᾷ, ῥυπαρον (ῤύπος, which see), filthy, dirty: properly, of clothing (A. V. vile), James 2:2 (the Sept. Zechariah 3:3f; Josephus, Antiquities 7, 11, 3; Plutarch, Phocylides, 18; Dio Cassius, 65, 20; ῤυπαρᾷ καί ἀπλυτα, Artemidorus Daldianus, oneir. 2, 3 at the end; χλαμύς, Aelian v. h. 14, 10); metaphorically, defiled with iniquity, base (A. V. filthy): Revelation 22:11 G L T Tr WH. ((In the sense of sordid, mean, Dionysius Halicarnassus, others.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ῥυπαρός , - , -όν

(< ῥύπος ),

[in LXX: Zechariah 3:4-5, (3-4) (H6674)*;]

filthy, dirty: of old, shabby clothing (Za, l.c.), James 2:2; metaph., of moral defilement, Revelation 22:11.†

* ῥυπαίνω

(< ῥύπος ),

in Arist., Xen., and later writers, to make filthy, defile: pass., in ethical sense (on the tense, v. Swete, in l), Revelation 22:11 LT, Tr., WH, txt.

*† ῥυπαρεύομαι

= ῥυπαίνομαι , q.v.: Revelation 22:11, WH, mg. (nowhere else).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";strong drink,"; an indeclinable transcript from Aramaic שִׁכְרָא, found in the NT only in Luke 1:15, but frequent in the LXX (Thackeray Gr. i. p. 33). In P Tebt II. 413.11 (ii/iii A.D.) for σικιωτεν Crönert suggests σικερώτιον, ";a jar for drinking σίκερα "; : see the editors’ note, also s.v. σκιά.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ρυπαρα ρυπαρά ῥυπαρᾷ ρυπαρος ῥυπαρὸς rhypara rhyparā̂i rhyparos rhyparòs rupara ruparos
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