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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4516 - Ῥώμη
Rome = "strength"
- the famous capital of the ancient world
Roma, Rome, first mentioned in Gr. literature by Arist. Fr. 610; deified in Inscrr., θεὰ Ῥώμη IG 3.63, CIG 2696 ( Mylasa ), SIG 893 (Olympia, iii A.D. ), etc.
Ῥώμη , -ης , ἡ
Rome: Acts 18:2; Acts 19:21; Acts 23:11; Acts 28:14; Acts 28:16 Romans 1:7; Romans 1:15, 2 Timothy 1:17.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";a fine linen cloth."; The word is sometimes regarded as of Semitic origin (so Boisacq p. 866), but see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 36. Instances in our documents are common. In an account of payments, P Tebt I. 182 (late ii/B.C.), mention is made of 2 talents 5000 (?) drachmae as paid σινδόνων : cf. P Lond 29.3 (B.C. 160) (= I. p. 163). A σινδών is described as καθαρά (cf. Matthew 27:59) in ib. 46.206 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 71), and P Leid Wiii. 12 (ii/iii A.D.) (= II. p. 89). In Syll 754.4 we read σίνδονα ἐν ᾗ ἐζω [γ ]ράφηται ἡ θεός, and immediately afterwards ἄλλας σινδόνας λαμπρᾶς τρεῖς.
The use of the word for swathing dead bodies, as in Matthew 27:59, may be seen in the letter regarding funeral expenses, P Grenf II. 77.27 (iii/iv A.D.) (= Selections, p. 121) τιμ [ὴ ] σινδόνος (δραχμαὶ) κ ¯, ";the price of a linen cloth 20 drachmae."; Cf. P Par 18 bis.10 (Rom.) a letter announcing the dispatch of a dead body—ἔστιν δὲ σημεῖον τῆς ταφῆς · σινδών ἐστιν ἐκτὸς ἔχων χρῆμα (l. χρῶμα ?) ῥόδινον. Σινδών is further illustrated by Field, Notes, p. 40. For the dim. σινδόνιον, see P Gen I. 80.8 (mid. iv/A.D.), and P Bilabel II. 96.6 (Byz.), and for σινδονίτης, ";a linen tunic,"; see Syll 653 (= .3 736).17 (Andania-B.C. 92), also Menander Σαμ. 163. MGr σεντόνι, ";a linen napkin.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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