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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4579 - σείω

Transliteration
seíō
Phonetics
si'-o
Origin
apparently a primary verb
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
7:196,1014
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to shake, agitate, cause to tremble
    1. of men, to be thrown into a tremor, to quake for fear
    2. metaph. to agitate the mind
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5123 ‑ נוּם (noom);  5128 ‑ נוּעַ (noo'‑ah);  5590 ‑ סָעַר (saw‑ar');  6813 ‑ צָעַן (tsaw‑an');  7264 ‑ רָגַז (raw‑gaz');  7493 ‑ רָעַשׁ (raw‑ash);  8442 ‑ תּוֹעָה (to‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (5)
Matthew
3
Hebrews
1
Revelation
1
NAS (5)
Matthew
3
Hebrews
1
Revelation
1
HCS (5)
Matthew
3
Hebrews
1
Revelation
1
BSB (5)
Matthew
3
Hebrews
1
Revelation
1
ESV (5)
Matthew
3
Hebrews
1
Revelation
1
WEB (5)
Matthew
3
Hebrews
1
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σείω, Il. 5.563, etc., poet. σίω Anacr. 49: Ep impf. σεῖον Od. 3.486; Ion. σείασκον ( ἀνας- ) h.Ap. 403 (v.l. ἀνασσείσασκε ): fut. σείσω LXX Is. 10.14, ( δια- ) Hdt. 6.109, ( ἐπι- ) E. Or. 613: aor. ἔσεισα S. El. 713, Ar. Ach. 12, etc.; Ep. σεῖσα Il. 15.321: pf. σέσεικα ( κατα- ) Philem. 84, ( ἐν- ) Luc. Merc.Cond. 30: Med., aor. ἐσεισάμην ( ἀπ- ) Thgn. 348, Hdt. 7.88, Ar. Nu. 287, Pl. Grg. 484a; Ep. σείσατο Il. 8.199, ἐσείσατο Call. Revelation 1:1-20, etc.: Pass., aor. ἐσείσθην Hdt. 6.98, etc.: pf. σέσεισμαι Pi. P. 8.94, Ar. Nu. 1276: shake, move to and fro, Hom. (esp. in Il. ); ς. ἐγχείας, ἔγχεα, μελίην, shake the poised spear, Il. 3.345, 13.135 ( Pass. ), 22.133, etc.; αἰγίδα 15.321; σανίδας ς . shake the door, 9.583; of chariot horses, σεῖον ζυγὸν ἀμφὶς ἔχοντες Od. 3.486; ς. λόφον, of a warrior, Alc. 22, A. Th. 385; ἡνίας χεροῖν ς . S. El. 713; χαλινούς E. IA 151 (anap.); ς. χαίτην, etc., Anacr. 49, E. Cyc. 75 (lyr.), Med. 1191; εὔπτερον δέμας Id. Ion 1204; κάρα ς ., as sign of discontent, S. Ant. 291; but of one dancing, E. Ba. 185; ἄκρᾳ τῇ οὐρᾷ ς . X. Cyn. 3.4 .

2. of earthquakes, which were attributed to Poseidon (cf. Pl. Cra. 403a ), ὅστις νομίζει Ποσειδέωνα τὴν γῆν σείειν Hdt. 7.129; without τὴν γῆν, αὐτοῖς ὁ Ποσειδῶν σείσας ἐμβάλοι οἰκίας Ar. Ach. 511, cf. Lys. 1142; βρονταῖς χθόνα ς . Id. Av. 1752; ἔσεισεν ὁ θεός X. HG 4.7.4: also impers., ἔσεισεν there was an earthquake, Th. 4.52 .

3. metaph., agitate, disturb, πόλιν Pi. P. 4.272; τὰ πόλεος . . θεοὶ πολλῷ σάλῳ σείσαντες ὤρθωσαν πάλιν S. Ant. 163; ς. τὴν καρδίαν turn the stomach, Ar. Ach. 12; ς. τὴν κεφαλήν cause a concussion of . ., Hp. Prorrh. 1.143, v. infr. 11.2: Pass., ἐσείσθη τὴν καρδίαν Philostr. VS 2.1.11 .

4. in Att., accuse falsely or spitefully, so as to extort hushmoney, blackmail, ς. καὶ ταράττων Ar. Eq. 840, cf. Telecl. 2; ἔσειον τοὺς παχεῖς καὶ πλουσίους Ar. Pax 639; ἑτέρους τῶν ὑπευθύνων ἔσειε καὶ ἐσυκοφάντει Antipho 6.43, cf. BGU 428.9 (ii A.D.); so perh. σείειν κατ' ἀγοράν Alciphr. 3.70 (s. v.l.): Pass., to be extorted, POxy. 1252r.37 (iii A.D.) .

II Pass., shake, heave, quake, of the earth, ἐσσείοντο πόδες Ἴδης Il. 20.59; Δῆλος . . πρῶτα καὶ ὕστατα . . σεισθεῖσα Hdt. 6.98: metaph., to be shaken to its foundation, τὸ τερπνὸν πιτνεῖ . . σεσεισμένον Pi. P. 8.94; οἷς . . ἂν σεισθῇ θεόθεν δόμος S. Ant. 584 (lyr.).

2. generally, move to and fro, Il. 14.285; φαεινὴ σείετο πήληξ 13.805; κόμαι σείονται Ar. Lys. 1312; ὄρχος σειόμενος φύλλοισι an orchard waving with foliage, Hes. Sc. [299]; ὀδόντων οἱ πλεῦνες ἐσείοντο his teeth were loose, Hdt. 6.107; σεισθῆναι σάλῳ E. IT 46; τὸν ἐγκέφαλον σεσεῖσθαι Ar. Nu. 1276; ὁκόσων ἂν σεισθῇ ὁ ἐγκέφαλος Hp. Aph. 7.58; σείεσθαι τὴν ὄψιν Thphr. Vert. 8 .

III Med., shake something of one's own, from oneself, etc., σεισαμένας πτερὰ ματρός Theoc. 13.13; ς. γυίων ἄπο νήχυτον ἅλμην A.R. 4.1367; ς. πλοκαμῖδας AP 5.272 ( Agath. ).

2. shake oneself, shake, stir, Ἥρη σείσατο εἰνὶ θρόνῳ Il. 8.199; ἐσείσατο δάφνινος ὄρπηξ Call. Revelation 1:1-20 .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σείω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7493;]

to shake, move to and fro: τ . γῆν , Hebrews 12:26 (LXX); pass., ἡ γῆ , Matthew 27:51 (LXX); συκῆ , Revelation 6:13. Metaph., to agitate, stir up, with fear or some other emotion: Matthew 21:10; Matthew 28:4 (cf. ἀνα -, δια -, κατα -σείω ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the mid. σοφίζομαι, ";devise cleverly"; (2 Peter 1:16), cf. PSI V. 452.11 (iv/A.D.) μᾶλλον δὲ σοφιζομένους δύνασθαι ἐκκλείνειν [τὸν δεσμὸν ] τῆς δουλίας. See also the beginning of the uncanonical gospel P Oxy V. 840.1 (iv/A.D.) πρότερον πρὸ <τοῦ > ἀδικῆσαι πάντα σοφίζεται, ";before he does wrong makes all manner of subtle excuses"; (Edd.), Musonius p. 12.9 μελετῶσι λόγους καὶ σοφίζωνται καὶ ἀναλύωσι συλλογισμούς, and Vett. Val. p. 291.1 ἵνα δὲ μὴ δόξω πάλιν τὰ αὐτὰ σοφίζεσθαι.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσεισθη εσείσθη ἐσείσθη εσεισθησαν εσείσθησαν ἐσείσθησαν σείεται σείομαι σειομενη σειομένη σεισθήσεται σεισθήσονται σεισθώσιν σεισω σείσω σείω σείων eseisthe eseisthē eseísthe eseísthē eseisthesan eseisthēsan eseísthesan eseísthēsan seiomene seiomenē seioméne seioménē seiso seisō seíso seísō
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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