the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4616 - σινδών
- linen cloth, esp. that which was fine and costly, in which the bodies of the dead were wrapped
- thing made of fine cloth
- of a light and loose garment worn at night over a naked body
σινδών, όνος, ἡ ( ὁ, A. Fr. 153; acc. pl. in Hsch. σινδούς, as εἰκούς from εἰκών ), fine cloth, usually linen, Hdt. 1.200, 2.95, A. l.c., S. Fr. 210.67; βρόχῳ μιτώδει σινδόνος Id. Ant. 1222; ς. βυσσίνης τελαμῶνες, used for mummies, Hdt. 2.86; of surgeons' bandages, Id. 7.181 (but also ἐξ ἐρίου τὰς ς. ὑφαίνουσιν Thphr. HP 4.7.7, cf. Str. 15.1.20 ).
2. anything made of such cloth, garment of linen (sts. muslin ), Michel 832.19 (Samos, iv B.C. ), PCair.Zen. 176.255 (iii B.C.), SIG 2754.5 (Pergam.), PTeb. 182 (ii B.C.), UPZ 84.4 (ii B.C.), Luc. Deor.Conc. 10; ἐν εὐτελεῖ ς . Plu. 2.340d; napkin, Alciphr. 3.66; ship's sail, E. Fr. 773.42 (lyr.), Luc. Epigr. 39, Alciphr. 1.12; flag, standard, Plb. 2.66.10; cloth or sheet, ς. καθαρά PLond. 1.46.206 (iv A.D.) (so of a winding-sheet, Ev.Matthew 27:59, cf. PPar. 18b is 10 ); ς. κοιτάριαι sheets, Edict.Diocl. 28.16, cf. Th. 2.49; ἐντὸς σινδόνος within the veil, esoteric, Iamb. VP 17.72; ἔξω ς . exoteric, ib. 18.89 .
σινδών, σινδονος, ἡ (of uncertain origin; Sanskritsindhu (Egyptian,sehenti or 'sent'; cf. Vanicek, Fremdwörter under the word); the Sept. for סָדִין, Judges 14:12; Proverbs 29:42
1. linen cloth, especially that which was fine and costly, in which the bodies of the dead were wrapped: Matthew 27:59; Mark 15:46; Luke 23:53 (cf. Herodotus 2, 86 who says of the Egyptians, κατειλισσουσι πᾶν τό σῶμα σινδονος βυσσινης (see Wilkinson's note in Rawlinson's Herod. 3rd edition, the passage cited)).
2. thing made of fine cloth: so of a light and loose garment worn at night over the naked body, Mark 14:51f (others suppose a sheet rather than a shirt to be referred to; A. V. linen cloth; cf. B. D. American edition, under the word Sheets). (Besides Herodotus, the writers Sophocles, Thucydides, Strabo, Lucian, others use the word.)
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σινδών , -όνος , ἡ ,
[in LXX: Judges 14:12-13 A, Proverbs 31:24 (H5466), 1 Maccabees 10:64 A *;]
fine linen cloth;
(a) as used for swathing dead bodies (cf. Hdt., ii, 86): Matthew 27:59, Mark 15:46, Luke 23:53;
(b) a garment or wrap of this material (cf. ICC, Jg, l.c.): Mark 14:51-52.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";cross."; The metaph. use of σταυρός in Luke 9:23, ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καθ᾽ ἡμέραν, finds an interesting illustration in a Christian prayer of iv/v A.D., P Oxy VII, 1058.2 ὁ θ (εὸ)ς τῶν παρακειμένων σταυρῶν, βοήθησον τὸν δοῦλόν σου Ἀπφοῦαν, ";O God of the crosses that are laid upon us, help thy servant Apphouas"; (Ed.). ";God is apparently thought of as at once the sender and mitigator of trials"; (Ed.). In P Lond 1917.6 (c. A.D. 330–40) the writer calls upon his correspondent—ὅπως ἐφάρῃς τὰς χῖράς σ [ου πρὸς τὸν δεσ ]πότην θαιὸν ὡς τοίπως σ ̣ταυρῷ, ";that you may lift up your hands to our Master God, in the semblance of a cross"; : see the editor’s note and cf. 19.
The sign of the cross is frequently prefixed to Christian letters, e.g. P Iand I. 16 (v/vi A.D.), and in the late P Lips I. 9010 (Byz.) the scribe states that he has written the document for the original sender, but that the latter has affixed three authenticating crosses with his own hand—ἔγραψα ὑπὲρ αὐτοῦ γράμματα μὴ ἰδότος βαλόντος δὲ τῇ ἰδίᾳ αὐτοῦ χειρὶ τοὺς τρεῖς τιμίους σταυρούς †. A wall-scratching from Egypt, Preisigke 2273, shows Σταῦρος δῶν Χριστιανῶν.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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