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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4665 - σμάραγδος

Root Word (Etymology)
of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a transparent precious stone noted especially for its light green colour
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 923 ‑ בַּהַט (bah'‑hat);  1304 ‑ בֳּרְקַת (baw‑reh'‑keth, baw‑rek‑ath');  3095 ‑ יַהֲלֹם (yah‑hal‑ome');  7718 ‑ שֹׁהַם (sho'‑ham);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Revelation 1
NAS (1)
Revelation 1
HCS (1)
Revelation 1
BSB (1)
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ESV (1)
Revelation 1
WEB (1)
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σμάραγδος [ μᾰ],

( , Str. 16.4.20, Orph. L. 614 ),

name of several green stones, including the emerald, Hdt. 2.44, 3.41, Pl. Phd. 110d, Thphr. Lap. 23, al., LXX Exodus 28:9, al., Str.l.c., 17.1.45, Plin. HN 37.62, al., Hld. 2.30, Olymp.Hist. p.466 D., PMag.Lond. 46.239; also μάραγδος, Men. 373, Com. in PSI 2.143.3, Orph. l.c., Nonn. D. 5.178, 18.80; σφραγὶς μαράγδου IG 11(2).161 B 44 (Delos, iii B.C. ), 199 B 59 (ibid.), but σφραγὶς σμαράγδου 203 B 87 (ibid., iii B.C. ); ζμάραγδος implied in Luc. Jud.Voc. 9 .

II Σμάραγδος, ἡ, name of the emerald mines in Egypt, ἀρχιμεταλλάρχου τῆς Ζμαράγδου Proc.Soc.Bibl. Arch. 31 ( 1909 ). 323 (i A.D.); μεταλλάρχη (gen. sg.) Ζμαράκτου OGI 660.2 (Egypt, i A.D. ); also Σμάραγδος ὄρος Ptol. Geog. 4.5.8 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σμάραγδος, σμαράγδου, (but apparently feminine in the earlier writ, cf. Theophrast. lap. 4, 23; in Herodotus its gender cannot be determined; cf. Stephanus Thesaurus, under the word), Latinsmaragdus (A. V. emerald), a transparent precious stone noted especially for its light green color: Revelation 21:19. (From Herodotus down; the Sept.. On the derivation of the word see Vanicek, Fremdwörter, under the word. On its relation to our 'emerald' (disputed by King, Antique Gems, p. 27ff), see Reihm, HWB, under the word 'Edelsteine', 17; Deane in the 'Bible Educator', vol. ii., p. 350f.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σμάραγδος , -ου ,

(and in late writers also ),

[in LXX: Exodus 28:9 (H7718) Exodus 36:17 (Exodus 39:10) (H1304), Ezekiel 28:13 (H3095), etc.;]

emerald or other trans parent green stone (LS, s.v.; DB, iv, 620; Swete, Ap., 67, 288): Revelation 21:19.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";a sparrow"; (Matthew 10:29; Matthew 10:31, Luke 12:6). The word is a dim. of στρουθός which is found in the food account P Oxy VI. 920.8 (ii/iii A.D.) στρουτ (οῦ) (l. στρουθ (οῦ)) μεγάλ (ου) δραχμαὶ η ̄. The editors think that the reference is to an ostrich, and that the 8 drachmae may be part payment, in view of l..12. They also refer to P Lips I. 97xxviii. 18, .20; xxix. 19, .21 (A.D. 338), where there are entries of an artaba εἰς τὰ στρουθῶν. See also P Lond 239.14 (c. A.D.346) (= II. p. 298). It must be added that from a fragment of the commercial law dealing with tariffs issued by the Emperor Diocletian in iii/A.D. it appears that of all birds used for food sparrows were the cheapest, thus throwing a fresh light upon our Lord’s use of them in Matthew 10:28 ff., Luke 12:6 f. (see Deissmann LAE2, p. 272 ff).

For a proper name Στρουθείν (-ίν for -ίον) see Letronne 90.1 (i/B.C.) with the editor’s note. In spite of the difference of meaning, στρουθός has been connected with Lat. turdus, Engl. ";thrush,"; ";throstle"; (Boisacq, p. 920).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσμίκρυνας εσμίκρυνε εσμικρύνθη σμάραγδον σμαραγδος σμάραγδος σμαράγδου σμήγμα σμήγμασι σμικρυνθήσεται σμίλακά σμίλαξ σμυρίτης smaragdos smáragdos
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