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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4728 - στενός

Root Word (Etymology)
probably from the base of (G2476)
Parts of Speech
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  1. narrow, strait
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3906 ‑ לַחַץ (lakh'‑ats);  4679 ‑ מְצָדָה (mets‑ad', mets‑awd', mets‑aw‑daw');  6862 ‑ צָר (tsar, tsawr);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
NAS (3)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
CSB (3)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
BSB (3)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
ESV (3)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
WEB (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. στεινός, ή, όν, Aeol. στένος Alc. Supp. 34 (dub. l.):

narrow, opp. εὐρύς, πλατύς, Hdt. 2.8 ( Sup. ), 4.195, al.; ψαλίς S. Fr. 367; δίαυλος E. Tr. 435; ἐσβολή Hdt. 7.175 ( Comp. ); πόρος ib. 176; ἡ ἔσοδος Th. 7.51; οὔτ' εὐρεῖα οὔτε στενὴ διαφυγή Pl. Lg. 737a; ἐν στενῷ, Ion. στεινῷ, in a narrow space, A. Pers. 413, Hdt. 8.60 . β; ποιεῖν τὸν δῆμον εὐρὺν καὶ ς . Ar. Eq. 720; ς. ποδεών Hdt. 8.31; ἔντερον Ar. Nu. 161; πόροι, φλέβες, Ti.Locr. 101a, Pl. Ti. 66a; κεφαλή, πόδες, X. Cyn. 5.30 .

2. Subst., τὰ ς . the narrows, straits, of a pass, Hdt. 7.223; of a sea, Th. 2.86, etc.; of the straits of Gibraltar, Str. 3.5.5; so τὸ ς . the strait ( Hellespont ), Luc. DMar. 9.1; ἐπὶ ς. τῆς ὁδοῦ X. HG 7.1.29; also ἡ στενή a narrow strip of land, Th. 2.99; τὰ ς . passes, defiles, Phld. Rh. 1.334 S.

II metaph., close, confined, ἀπειληθέντες ἐς στεινόν driven into a corner, Hdt. 9.34; ς. ζῶμεν χρόνον Men. 410; εἰς στενὸν κομιδῇ τὰ τῆς τροφῆς τινι καταστήσεται D. 1.22; εἰς ς. τοῦ καιροῦ φθείρεσθαι Alciphr. 1.24 .

2. scanty, petty, Pl. Grg. 497c; ὑποθέσεις Plb. 7.7.6; ἐλπίδες D.H. 4.52; ἐρωτήσεις Philostr. VS 2.30; small-minded, narrow-minded, in Adv. Comp., PGiss. 40 ii7 (iii A.D.) .

3. of sound and style, thin, meagre, Arist. Aud. 803b24, Rh. 1413b15; hard to pronounce, συλλαβὴ ς. καὶ δύστομος Phld. Po. 2.15 . Choerob. in Theod. 2.76 H., EM 275.50 say that στενός, like κενός, forms the Comp. and Sup. στενότερος, στενότατος, and these forms are explainable from Στενϝότερος, Στενϝότατος, which are implied by the Ionic forms στεινότερος, -ότατος ( στεινότερος occurs in Hdt. 1.181, 7.175, στενότερος in IG 7.3073.109 (Lebad., ii B.C. ), Pl. Phd. 111d, X. Cyr. 2.4.3 with v.l.); and στενοτάτου is required by the metre in Scymn. 922; the form στενώτερος is however found in Hp. VM 22, Arist. PA 675a35, al.

III Adv., στενῶς διακεῖσθαι to be in difficulties, PCair.Zen. 498 (iii B.C.), PTeb. 760.19 (iii B.C.), D.L. 8.86, cf. LXX 1 Kings 13:6 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

στενός, στενή, στενόν, from Aeschylus and Herodotus down, the Sept. for צַר, narrow, strait: πύλη, Matthew 7:13 (14 (here L Tr brackets πύλη)); Luke 13:24.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

στενός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX for H6862, etc.;]

narrow: fig (v MM, xxiii), Matthew 7:13-14, Luke 13:24.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";bear witness with"; (Romans 2:15 al.) : cf. BGU I. 86.41 ff (A.D. 155), where the signature of each attesting witness is accompanied by the words συνμαρτυρῶ καὶ συνσφρακιῶ. For the subst. σύμμαρτυς cf. EGU II. 600.6 (ii/iii A.D.), and for συμμαρτύρομαι see the note to PSI VI. 686.5 (iii/A.D.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
στενά στενη στενή στενὴ στενήν στενης στενής στενῆς στενοίς στενόν στενός στενώ stene stenē stenḕ stenes stenês stenēs stenē̂s
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