Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #476 - ἀντίδικος
- an opponent in a suit of law
- an adversary, enemy
opponent or adversary in a suit, Aeschin. 2.165, cf. Pl. Phdr. 273c: fem., ἡ ἀ. POxy. 37i8 (iA. D.): properly, the defendant, Antipho 1.2; but also, the plaintiff, Lys7.13; ἀ. πρός τινα Antipho 1.5: — generally, opponent, adversary, A. Ag. 41; ἀληθινῶν ἀ. [ Heraclit. ] 133, cf. 1 Peter 5:8, Phld. Ir. p.65W.
ἀντίδικος , -ον
(< δίκη ),
[in LXX for H7378;]
as subst., an opponent in a lawsuit, adversary: Matthew 5:25, Luke 12:58; Luke 18:3, 1 Peter 5:8 (Cremer, 696; MM, VGT, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
For this common legal word we may refer to the interesting lawsuit regarding the identity of a child, which recalls so vividly 1 Kings 3:16 ff. : the prosecuting advocate states that his client had put the foundling in the defendant’s charge—τοῦτο ἐνεχείρισεν τῆι ἀντιδίκωι (P Oxy I. 37i. 8 (A.D. 49) (= Selections, p. 49). Cf. P Ryl II. 65.15 (B.C. 67 ?), P Oxy II. 237vii. 24, .32, viii. 12 (A.D. 186), BGU II. 592.7 (ii/A.D.), P Strass I. 41.7, .23f. (c. A.D. 250). Ἀντίδικος may be used of public opponents, as when the citizens of Abdera appealing to Rome against annexation by Cotys the Thracian speak of τ [οὺς προ ]νοουμένους τοῦ ἀντιδίκου ἡμῶν (Syll 303.24, before B.C. 146). It also is used in the plural, of a body of opponents, as several times in Syll 512 (ii/B.C.), the case of the children of Diagoras of Cos versus the town of Calymnus; also of the two parties, as in P Lille I. 29.24 (iii/B.C.), παρόντων τῶν ἀ. Silco, king of Nubia (vi/A.D.), concludes his ambitious effort at Greek with a terrible threat against οἱ ἀντίδικοί μου : this is the wider use found in 1 Peter 5:8 and the LXX, with classical warrant. The verb appears in Preisigke 2055.2 (iv/v A.D.) . . ] Ἄρεως ἀντιδικησαντ [ . . . , and the abstract in P Tor I. 1vi. 8f. (B.C. 177) αὐτοὶ καὶ τὴν πρὸς τὸν Ἑρμίαν κρίσιν ε ́γδικάσαντες ἐκστήσωσιν αὐτὸν τῆς πρὸς αὐτοὺς ἀντιδικίας.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany