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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4834 - συμπαθέω

from (G4835)
Parts of Speech
  1. to be affected with the same feeling as another, to sympathise with
  2. to feel for, have compassion on
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
NAS (3)
HCS (2)
BSB (2)
ESV (2)
WEB (2)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


to be sympathetically affected, δοκεῖ ἡ ψυχὴ καὶ τὸ σῶμα συμπαθεῖν ἀλλήλοις Arist. Phgn. 808b11; ξ. κεφαλῇ τὰ μέσα Aret. CD 1.4, cf. Gal. 8.33: Pass., J. AJ 16.11.8.

2. c. dat. pers., sympathize with, τοῖς φίλοις Epicur. Sent.Vat. 66.

3. c. dat. rei, sympathize in, feel for, ἀτυχίαις Isoc. 4.112 (dub.), cf. Hebrews 4:15, Plu. Cleom. 1, etc.

4. abs., feel sympathy, Id. Tim. 14, IG 14.760 (Naples, i A.D.); ἐκ τοῦ παθεῖν γίγνωσκε καὶ τὸ συμπαθεῖν· καὶ σοὶ γὰρ ἄλλος συμπαθήσεται παθών (fut. Med. in act. sense) Philem. 230, cf. Phld. Po. 5.33.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

**συν -παθέω

(Rec. συμπ -), - ,

[in LXX: 4 Maccabees 5:25 AR 4 Maccabees 13:23*;]

to have a fellow feeling for or with, sympathize with or in: c. dat. rei, Hebrews 4:15; dat. pers., Hebrews 10:34 (Arist., Plut., al.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

(1) ";place"; : P Oxy XIV. 1631.17 (A.D. 280) ταῦτα λαβόντα τὸν οἶνον [σ ]υ ̣νθήσομεν ἐν τῷ ἡλιαστηρίῳ, ";we will put these (sc. jars), when they have been filled with wine, in the open-air shed"; (Edd.).

(2) ";provide,"; ";furnish,"; ";supply"; : P Cairo Zen I. 59029.5 (B.C. 258) αὐτοὶ δὲ συνεθήκαε [ν αὐτῆι ὅσα ἠξίωσ ]εν ἡμᾶς εἰς τὸν πλοῦν, ";we supplied her with whatever she asked us for the voyage,"; P Petr II. 20iii. 8 (= III. 36 b) (B.C. 252) πυνθανομένου δέ μου τῶν παρ᾽ αὐτοῦ, εἴ τι συντεθεικὼς αὐτῶι εἴης [ἐπ ̣ι σ ̣ι. . .. and P Lille I. 15.3 (B.C. 242–1) (= Witkowski Epp..2 p. 30) κ ̄ μναϊεῖα συνθεῖναι αὐτῶι. Cf. also P Hib I. 48.15 (B.C. 255) ἵνα μὴ ἐπικωλύωμαι τὸν λόγον συνθεῖναι, ";that I may not be prevented from making up my account"; (Edd.).

(3) in mid. and pass, ";make a compact with,"; ";covenant,"; ";agree,"; as in Luke 22:5, John 9:22, Acts 23:20; P Cairo Zen I. 59052.4 (B.C. 257) οὐθὲν αὐτοῖς συνετέθη, P Fay 34.20 (A.D. 161) συνεθέμην πᾶσι τοῖς προκειμένοις, ";I agreed to all the aforesaid terms,"; P Oxy VI. 908.18 (A.D. 199) συ ]ν ̣εθέμην πρὸς ὑμᾶς, ";I made a compact with you,"; P Oxy XIV. 1668.12 (iii/A.D.) οὔπω οὖν ἐγὼ αὐτῷ συνεθέμην περὶ τούτου, ἄχρι οὗ σοι δηλώσω, ";I accordingly would not make an agreement with him about this before telling you"; (Edd.), ib.15.οὐδ᾽ οὕτως συνέθεντο οἱ ἐργαζόμ [ε ]νοι, ";the workmen had not agreed even on these terms"; (Edd.), and ib. X. 1280.5 (iv/A.D.) ὁμολογῶ ἑκουσίᾳ καὶ αὐθαιρέτῳ γνώμῃ συντεθῖσθαί με πρὸς σὲ ἐπὶ τῷ μαι ἐπικοινωνῖν σοι εἰς τὸν ψυκτῆρα τοῦ καμηλῶνος, ";I acknowledge that I have of my own free will covenanted with you to share with you in the arbour of the camel-shed"; (Edd.). An unusual use of the word is found in P Oxy I. 78.23 (iii/A.D.) ἵν᾽ οὖν μὴ δόξω συνθέσθαι τῇ τοῦ πραγματκοῦ ἀγνοίᾳ, ";to prevent the appearance of my having taken advantage of the tax-collector’s ignorance"; (Edd.).

For the subst. σύνθεσις see BGU III. 781 i. 5 (i/A.D.) ἄλλη σύνθεσις πινακίων ἀναγλύπτων στρογγύλων δ ̄, P Hamb I. 10.13 (ii/A.D.) ἐβάσταξάν μου συνθέσις (= εις) τελείας λευκὰς δεκατρεῖς, and P Oxy III. 496.4 (A.D. 127) ἱματίων συνθέσεις δυ ̣ο ̣, ";two dresses."; On σύνθημα in LXX Judges 12:6, see Plater Vulgate Gr. p. 13, n. .2



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
συμπαθήσαι συμπαθῆσαι συνεπαθησατε συνεπαθήσατε συνπαθησαι συνπαθῆσαι sumpathesai sumpathēsai sunepathesate sunepathēsate sympathesai sympathêsai sympathēsai sympathē̂sai synepathesate synepathēsate synepathḗsate
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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