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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4969 - σφάζω

Root Word (Etymology)
a primary verb
Parts of Speech
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  1. to slay, slaughter, butcher
  2. to put to death by violence
  3. mortally wounded
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2026 ‑ הָרַג (haw‑rag');  2076 ‑ זָבַח (zaw‑bakh');  2873 ‑ טָבַח (taw‑bakh');  7819 ‑ שָׁחַט (shaw‑khat');  8158 ‑ שָׁסַף (shaw‑saf');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (10)
1 John 2
Revelation 8
NAS (10)
1 John 2
Revelation 8
CSB (10)
1 John 2
Revelation 8
BSB (10)
1 John 2
Revelation 8
ESV (10)
1 John 2
Revelation 8
WEB (10)
1 John 2
Revelation 8
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σφάζω, Od. 4.320, Hdt. 2.39, E. Tr. 134 (lyr.); in Com. (Cratin. 361) and Prose, from Pl. (Grg. 468c) downwards, σφάττω, cf. Σφαττόμενος title of play by Diph., IG 22.2363.34, and ς[φά]ττετ[αι ] SIG 1024.36 (Myconus, iii/ii B.C.); Boeot. σφάδδω An.Ox. 4.325: fut. σφάξω E. Heracl. 493: aor. ἔσφαξα Il. 2.422: pf. ἔσφᾰκα, known from plpf. ἐσφάκειν D.C. 73.6, (ἀπο-) 78.7: Pass., fut. σφᾰγήσομαι E. Andr. 315, Heracl. 583, (ἀπο-) X. HG 3.1.27: aor. ἐσφάγην [ ] Trag. (A. Eu. 305, etc.) and late Prose, Plu. Publ. 4, etc.; less freq. ἐσφάχθην, Pi. P. 11.23, Hdt. 5.5, E. IT 177 (lyr., nowhere else in Trag.): pf. ἔσφαγμαι Od. 10.532, D. 23.68:

slay, slaughter, properly by cutting the throat (v. σφαγή 11), in Hom. always of cattle, μῆλ' ἁδινὰ σφάζουσι καὶ εἰλίποδας ἕλικας βοῦς Od. 1.92, cf. 9.46, 23.305, Il. 9.467.

II esp. slaughter victims for sacrifice, 1.459, etc.; ἔσφαζ' ἐπ' ὤμων μόσχον cut its throat, as it hung from the servant's shoulders, E. El. 813; ς. παρθένου δέρην Id. Or. 1199: Pass., Od. 10.532; ἀρνίον ἐσφαγμένον Revelation 5:6.

2. generally, slay, kill, of human victims, as Iphigeneia, Menoeceus, Pi. P. 11.23, E. Ph. 913, cf. A. Ag. 1433, Ch. 904; ς. τινὰ ἐς τὸν κρητῆρα so that the blood ran into the bowl, Hdt. 3.11: Pass., σφάζεται ἐς τὸν τάφον Id. 5.5; πρὸς βωμῷ σφαγείς A. Eu. 305.

3. of any slaughter by knife or sword, Hdt. 5.25, 7.107; ς. ἑαυτόν Th. 2.92; ς. καὶ ἐκδέρειν Pl. Euthd. 301c; τὸν ἴδιον ἀδελφόν PMag.Osl. 1.5, cf. 1 John 3:12.

4. of animals, tear by the throat, ς. ὥσπερ οἱ λύκοι τὰ πρόβατα Arist. HA 612b2.

5. of any killing, BGU 388 ii 21 (ii A.D.), OGI 697 (Egypt), Sammelb. 7436.7 (vi A.D.), Gloss.

6. metaph., torment, τινα POxy. 259.33 (i A.D.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σφάζω, Attic σφάττω: future σφάξω, Revelation 6:4 L T Tr WH; 1 aorist ἐσφαξα; passive, perfect participle ἐσφαγμένος; 2 aorist ἐσφαγην; from Homer down; the Sept. very often for שָׁחַט, to slay, slaughter, butcher: properly, ἀρνίον, Revelation 5:6, 12; Revelation 13:8; τινα, to put to death by violence (often so in Greek writings from Herodotus down), 1 John 3:12; Revelation 5:9; Revelation 6:4, 9; Revelation 18:24. κεφαλή ἐσφαγμενη εἰς θάνατον, mortally wounded (R. V. smitten unto death), Revelation 13:3. (Compare: κατασφάζω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σφάζω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7819;]

to slay, slaughter (esp. of victims for sacrifice): ἀρνίον , Revelation 5:6; Revelation 5:12; Revelation 13:8; of persons, 1 John 3:12, Revelation 5:9; Revelation 6:4; Revelation 6:9; Revelation 18:24; ἐσφαγμένη εἰς θάνατον (RV, smitten unto death), Revelation 13:3 (cf. κατα -σφάζω ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";a group of four,"; applied to soldiers In Acts 12:4, has reference to days in the heathen amulet BGU III. 956 (c. iii/A.D.) ἐξορκίζω ὑμᾶς. . ἀπὸ πα [ν ]τὸς. . πυρετοῦ. . ἡμερι <νοῦ > ἢ τετρ [α ]δ < >ο <υ >, and to sheets of parchment in P Oxy XVII. 2156.10 (iv/v A.D.) τὴν διφθέραν [τ ]ῶν μεμβρανῶν ἐν τετραδίοις εἰκ [οσ ]ιπέντε, ";the skin of parchments in twenty-five quaternions"; (Ed.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσφαγης εσφάγης ἐσφάγης εσφαγμενην εσφαγμένην ἐσφαγμένην εσφαγμενον εσφαγμένον ἐσφαγμένον εσφαγμένος εσφαγμενου εσφαγμένου ἐσφαγμένου εσφαγμενων εσφαγμένων ἐσφαγμένων έσφαζον έσφαξαν έσφαξας έσφαξε εσφαξεν έσφαξεν ἔσφαξεν εσφενδόνισε εσφηνωμεναιω εσφήνωσε έσφιγξαν σφαγέντος σφαγήναι σφαγήσονται σφάζε σφάζειν σφάζετε σφάζοντες σφάζουσι σφαζωσιν σφάξαι σφάξατε σφάξει σφάξεις σφάξετε σφάξη σφάξης σφάξον σφάξουσι σφαξουσιν σφαξούσιν σφάξουσιν σφάξω σφάξωσι σφάξωσιν σφενδόνας σφενδόνη σφένδονη σφενδόνης σφενδονήσεις σφενδονήται σφηκίαν σφηκίας σφίγγεται σφίγξεις esphages esphagēs espháges esphágēs esphagmenen esphagmenēn esphagménen esphagménēn esphagmenon esphagmenōn esphagménon esphagménōn esphagmenou esphagménou esphaxen ésphaxen sphaxousin spháxousin
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