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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #499 - ἀντίτυπον

Root Word (Etymology)
neuter of a compound of (G473) and (G5179)
Parts of Speech
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  1. a thing formed after some pattern
  2. a thing resembling another, its counterpart
    1. something in the Messianic times which answers to the type, as baptism corresponds to the deluge (1 Peter 3:21)
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
NAS (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
CSB (1)
Hebrews 1
BSB (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
ESV (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
WEB (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Neuter of a compound of G473 and G5179

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀντίτυπος, ἀντίτυπον (τύπτω), in Greek writings:

1. properly,

a. actively, repelling a blow, striking back, echoing, reflecting light; resisting, rough, hard.

b. passively, struck back, repelled.

2. metaphorically, rough, harsh, obstinate, hostile. In the N. T. language ἀντίτυπον as a substantive means:

1. a thing formed after some pattern (τύπος (which see 4 a.)) (German Abbild): Hebrews 9:24 (R. V. like in pattern).

2. "a thing resembling another, its counterpart; something in the Messianic times which answers to the type" (see τύπος, 4 γ.) prefiguring it in the O. T. (German Gegenbild, English antitype), as baptism corresponds to the deluge: 1 Peter 3:21 (R. V. text after a true likeness).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἀντί -τυπος , -ον

(see τύπος ),

[in LXX: Ezra 3:13 A *;]

1. act. striking back; metaph., resisting, adverse.

2. Pass. struck back; metaph., corresponding to (MM, VGT, s.v.);

(a) as impression of a seal or copy of an archetype (τύπος ) (RV, Like in pattern), Hebrews 9:24;

(b) as the reality (of which τύπος is the copy or adumbration) (RV, after a true likeness), 1 Peter 3:21 (Cramer, 357).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The meaning ";impress"; is rightly given by LS for τύπος as the first that arises from the etymology, and it is well supported in classical and post-classical writers. Hence, though ";profane"; examples for ἀντίτυπος (-ον) = ";corresponding"; (adj.) or ";image"; (noun) are rare, we can take the use in Hebrews 9:24 and 1 Peter 3:21 (";answering to";) as the survival of a primitive meaning. Note also Polyb. vi. 31.8 τοῖς δ᾽ ἰππεῦσι τούτοις ἀντίτυποι τίθενται, of auxiliary infantry posted ";opposite"; the cavalry, in a corresponding position. In MGr written language . means ";copy"; of a book.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αντιτυπα αντίτυπα ἀντίτυπα αντιτυπον αντίτυπον ἀντίτυπον antitupa antitupon antitypa antítypa antitypon antítypon
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