Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4997 - σωφροσύνη

Transliteration
sōphrosýnē
Phonetics
so-fros-oo'-nay
Origin
from (G4998)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
7:1097,1150
Definition
Thayer's
  1. soundness of mind
  2. self-control, sobriety
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (3)
Acts
1
1 Timothy
2
NAS (3)
Acts
1
1 Timothy
2
HCS (3)
Acts
1
1 Timothy
2
BSB (3)
Acts
1
1 Timothy
2
ESV (3)
Acts
1
1 Timothy
2
WEB (3)
Acts
1
1 Timothy
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σωφροσύνη [],

Dor. σωφρον-ύνα, and poet. σᾰοφροσύνη (as in Hom. and in later poetry, IG 22.3632.11, 3753), ,

soundness of mind, prudence, discretion, Od. 23.13; in pl., ib. 30; the common form first in Thgn. 379, 701, 1138, Epich. 101; αἰδὼς σωφροσύνης πλεῖστον μετέχει Th. 1.84; ς. λαβεῖν Id. 8.64; sanity, opp. μανία, X. Mem. 1.1.16, cf. Acts 26:25.

2. moderation in sensual desires, selfcontrol, temperance, Democr. 210, Ar. Nu. 962 (anap.), Pl. 563 (anap.), And. 1.131, Pl. Phdr. 237e, etc.; ς. τὸ κρατεῖν ἡδονῶν καὶ ἐπιθυμιῶν Id. Smp. 196c; ς. τὸ περὶ τὰς γυναῖκας (sc. ἔργον) Arist. Pol. 1263b9, cf. EN 1117b23, Pl. Phd. 68c, R. 430e sq., 1 Timothy 2:9.

3. in a political sense, a moderate form of government, Th. 8.64.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** σωφροσύνη , -ης , ,

[in LXX: Ezra 3:13, Wisdom of Solomon 8:7, 2 Maccabees 4:37, 4 Maccabees 6:1-35*;]

(a) soundness of mind, good sense, sanity (opp. to μανία , Xen.): Acts 26:25;

(b) self-control, sobriety: 1 Timothy 2:9 (v. Tr., Syn., § xx), 1 Timothy 2:15.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the usage of this verb ";avenge oneself on,"; ";punish,"; as in Acts 22:5; Acts 26:11, cf. P Oxy I. 34iii. 14 (A.D. 127) τοὺς παραβάντας καὶ τοὺ [ς ] διὰ ἀπειθίαν κ [αὶ ] ὡς ἀφορμὴν ζητοῦντας ἁμαρτημάτω [ν ] τειμωρήσομαι, ";any persons who violate it, whether from mere disobedience or to serve their own nefarious purposes, will receive condign punishment"; (Edd.), and Syll 326 (= .3 709).42 (c. B.C. 107) τοὺς δὲ αἰτίους τῆς ἐπαναστάσεο [ς ] τιμωρησάμενος.

In P Ryl II. 62.10 (iii/A.D.), a translation from an unknown Latin author, we have—ἀγρυπνεῖται καὶ κολάζεται [καὶ τι ]μωρεῖται καὶ παρηγορεῖται.

The adj. from which the verb is derived may be quoted from Syll 810 (= .3 1176).7 εἰ δέ τι ἑκὼν ἐξαμ [αρτήσει ], οὐκ ἐμὸν ἐπαρά [σασθαι ], δίκη δὲ ἐπικρέματα [ί σοι ] τιμωρὸς ἀπελθόν [τι ] ἀπειθὴς Νεμέσε [ως ], ";the inexorable avenging justice of Nemesis.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σωφροσυνης σωφροσύνης sophrosunes sōphrosunēs sophrosynes sophrosýnes sōphrosynēs sōphrosýnēs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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