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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #5079 - τεχνίτης
τεχνῑτ-ης, ου, ὁ,
artificer, craftsman, opp. γεωργός, X. Oec. 6.6, Arist. Pol. 1262b26, al.; opp. ῥήτωρ, Emp. ap. Thphr. Sens. 11; of a potter, PCair.Zen. 500.2, 3 (iii B.C.); τεχνῖται οἱ χρήσιμόν τι ποιεῖν ἐπιστάμενοι, opp. οἱ ἐλευθερίως πεπαιδευμένοι, X. Mem. 2.7.4, 5, cf. Acts 19:24 : metaph., πόλις ἧς τ. καὶ δημιουργὸς ὁ θεός Hebrews 11:10, cf. LXX Wi. 13.1.
II one who does or handles a thing by the rules of art, skilled workman, opp. ἄτεχνος, Pl. Sph. 219a, cf. Hp. VM 4, Arist. Rh. 1397b23, Gal. 6.155, 18(2).245; opp. ἰδιώτης, Id. 6.204; opp. ὁ ἔμπειρος, Arist. Metaph. 981b31; c. gen. rei, τ. τῶν πολεμικῶν skilled in.., X. Lac. 13.5; also οἱ περὶ τοὺς θεοὺς τ. persons versed in religious practices, Id. Cyr. 8.3.11; ἄνθρωπος τ. λόγων, as a sneer, Aeschin. 1.170; οἱ Διονυσιακοὶ τ. or οἱ περὶ τὸν Διόνυσον τ., theatrical artists, musicians as well as actors, D. 19.192 (where τ. alone), Arist. Rh. 1405a24, Pr. 956b11, SIG 399.12 (Amphict. Delph., iii B.C.), CIG 2619, al. (Cyprus), OGI 50 (Egypt, iii B.C.), Plb. 16.21.8, Posidon. 36 J., etc.; so perh. in οἷος τ. παραπόλλυμαι, = Lat. qualis artifex pereo (Nero's last words), D.C. 63.29.
III trickster, intriguer, Luc. DMort. 13.5.
τεχνίτης , -ου , ὁ
[in LXX for H2796, etc.;]
a craftsman, artificer: Acts 19:24; Acts 19:38, Revelation 18:22; of God (Wisdom of Solomon 13:1), Hebrews 11:10.†
SYN.: δημιουργός G1217, q.v., and cf. Tr., Syn., § cv.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
from meaning originally the ";mark"; of a blow (cf. John 20:25), came to denote the ";stamp"; or the ";figure"; which a stamp bears, and hence ";pattern,"; ";model,"; and finally ";type"; in the Biblical sense of a person or event prefiguring someone or something in the future (cf. Exp V. vi . P. 377 ff.). The word has equally varied meanings in the papyri. The following may serve as illustrations—
(1) ";pattern"; : P Tebt II. 342.25 (late ii/A.D.) κοῦφα ἀρεστὰ τύπῳ τῷ προκ (ειμένῳ), ";pots in good order of the aforesaid pattern,"; and P Lond 1122 b.3 (c. A.D. 254–268) (= III. p. 211, P Flor II. 187*) τὸν τ ̣ύπον τὸν τοῦ ἐλαιουργοῦ π [α ]ράδος, if the word is read correctly (see the editor’s note).
See also P Lond 1917.6 (c. A.D. 330–340) ὅπως ἐφάρῃς τὰς χῖράς σ [ον πρὸς τὸν δεσ ]πότην θαιὸν ὡς τοίπως (l. τύπος) σ ̣ταυρω ̣̑, ";that you may lift up your hands to our Master God, in the semblance of a cross"; (Ed. : see his note).
(2) ";plan"; : P Oxy XII. 1460.12 (A.D. 219–20) dues κα ̣[ταχωρισθῆ ]ναι τύπῳ τῷδε, ";to be registered on the following plan,"; and P Flor III. 279.16 (lease of land—A.D. 514) κατὰ τὸν αὐτὸν τύπον.
(3) ";form,"; ";manner of writing"; : P Flor I. 278ii. 20 (iii/A.D.) τῷ αὐτω ̣̑ τύπῳ καὶ χρόνῳ, ";of the same contents and date,"; with reference to a letter (cf. Acts 23:25).
(4) ";decree,"; ";rescript"; : P Ryl II. 75.8 (judicial proceedings—late ii/A.D.) ζητηθήσεται ὁ πόρος αὐτο [ῦ ], ἤδη μέντοι τύπος ἐστὶν καθ᾽ ὃν ἔκρεινα πολλάκις, ";let an inquiry be made into his means; only there is a principle according to which I have often judged"; (Edd., who point out that τύπος may equally well be taken = ";pattern";), and the vi/vii A.D. P Lond 77.47 (= I. p. 234) μηδὲ αἰτῆσαι θεῖον καὶ πραγματικὸν τύπον πρὸς τήνδε τὴν διαθήκην.
(5) ";sentence,"; ";decision"; : P Oxy VI. 893.1 (= Chrest. II. p. 122) τῷ τύπῳ τῶν ἀξιω [.]πίστων ἀνδρῶν, ";by the sentence of the honourable men,"; and ib. XVI. 1911.145 δοῦναι τυ ̣π ̣ον εἰς τὴν συγχώρησιν, ";give a decision."; See also the difficult ib. 1829.2 (c. A.D. 577–9?) with the editors’ note.
(6) From the inscrr. we may cite OGIS 383.212 (mid. i/B.C.) τύπον δὲ εὐσεβείας. . . παισὶν ἐκγόνοις τε ἐμοῖς. . . ἐκτέθεικα, cf. 1 Timothy 4:12, and the use of the word to denote the ";models"; in silver of different parts of the body presented as votive–offerings to the healing god : see Roberts–Gardner p. 161 with reference to CIA II. 403.18 (iii/B.C.).
(7) For the verb τυπόω cf. P Oxy I. 67.12 (A.D. 338) φρόντισον τὰς κατὰ νόμους αὐτοὺς παραγγελίας ὑποδέξασθαι ποιῆσαι ἔνν [ο ]μόν τε τυπωθῆν [αι ] τὴν [το ]ῦ δικαστηρίου προκάταρξειν (= ιν), ";take care to enforce the precepts of the law, and to have the preliminary proceedings of the court conducted under legal forms"; (Edd.), also the magical P Lond 121.562 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 102) ἵνα τυπώσηται τὴν ἀθάνατον μορφήν, and P Giss I. 54.14 (iv/v A.D.) (= Chrest. I. p. 498). In MGr τύπος is ";type,"; ";form of language,"; while τυπώνω = ";I print"; (Thumb Handb. p. 359).
";by way of example"; (1 Corinthians 10:11). Preisigke Wörterb. cites the corresponding adj. from P Masp II. 67154 verso.20 (vi/A.D.) καὶ τὸν ὅρκον καὶ τὰ τυπικά, ";ici le serment et les sceaux"; (Ed.).
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the Fourth Week after Epiphany