Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5160 - τροφή

Transliteration
trophḗ
Phonetics
trof-ay'
Origin
from (G5142)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. food, nourishment
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 400 ‑ אֹכֶל (o'‑kel);  1715 ‑ דָּגָן (daw‑gawn');  2964 ‑ טֶרֶף (teh'‑ref);  3899 ‑ לֶחֶם (lekh'‑em);  4202 ‑ מָזוֹן (maw‑zone');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (16)
Matthew
4
Luke
1
John
1
Acts
7
Hebrews
2
James
1
NAS (15)
Matthew
4
Luke
1
John
1
Acts
6
Hebrews
2
James
1
HCS (15)
Matthew
4
Luke
1
John
1
Acts
6
Hebrews
2
James
1
BSB (16)
Matthew
4
Luke
1
John
1
Acts
7
Hebrews
2
James
1
ESV (15)
Matthew
4
Luke
1
John
1
Acts
6
Hebrews
2
James
1
WEB (16)
Matthew
4
Luke
1
John
1
Acts
7
Hebrews
2
James
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τροφ-ή, ἡ,

(τρέφω)

nourishment, food, Hdt. 3.48, S. Ph. 32, 953, Th. 1.5, Matthew 3:4, Gal. 6.35, Iamb. VP 3.16, etc.; ἡ καθ' ἡμέραν ἀναγκαία τ. Th. 1.2; the means of maintaining an army, provisions, forage, τροφὴν παρέχειν Id. 8.57, cf. 6.93: pl., OGI 56.70 (Canopus, iii B. C.), etc.

2. βίου τροφαί way of life, livelihood, living, S. OC 338, 446; τροφή alone, δουλίαν ἕξειν τροφήν Id. Aj. 499, cf. OC 362; φεῦ τῆς ἀνύμφου.. σῆς τροφῆς Id. El. 1183; τὰς ἐκ γῆς τ. ηὕρετο Pl. Prt. 322a: then, simply, mode of life, δίκην τίνουσαι τῆς προτέρας τ. Id. Phd. 81d, cf. 84b; βώμιοι τ. E. Ion 52.

3. that which provides or procures sustenance, as the bow of Philoctetes, χερὶ πάλλων τὰν ἐμὰν μελέου τροφάν S. Ph. 1126 (lyr.).

4. a meal, τροφαῖς τέτταρσιν ἐχρῶντο Philem.Gloss. ap. Ath. 1.11d.

II nurture, rearing, παιδία.. τρέφειν.. τροφήν τινα τοιήνδε Hdt. 2.2, cf. 3; χάριν τροφᾶς ἀμείβων v.l. in A. Ag. 729 (lyr.); νέας τροφῆς στερηθείς S. Aj. 511; μητρὸς τ. E. Ion 1377: freq. in pl., ἐν τροφαῖσιν while in the nursery, opp. ἐφηβήσας, A. Th. 665; ἠνυτόμαν τροφαῖς Id. Ag. 1159 (lyr.); ὦ δυσάθλιαι τ. S. OC 330; αἱ ἐμαὶ τ. E. Tr. 1187; τ. δημόσιαι Arist. Rh. 1361a36; ἐκτίνων τροφάς, much like τροφεῖα, A. Th. 548; οἷς ὀδύνας ἀντὶ τροφῶν ἔλιπον IG 12(5).973 (Tenos).

2. education, E. Hec. 599 (pl.); τ. τε καὶ παιδεία Pl. Alc. 1.122b, cf. Arist. EN 1179b34, 1180a26, al.

3. rearing or keeping of animals, Hdt. 2.65; τροφαῖς ἵππων Pi. O. 4.16.

III sts. in Poets for the concrete θρέμμα, brood, νέα τ. a new generation, S. OT 1, cf. A. Th. 786 (lyr.); of animals, ἀρνῶν τροφαί, i.e. young lambs, E. Cyc. 189. a place in which animals are reared, ἰβίων τροφαί PTeb. 5.70, cf. 62.19, al. (ii B. C.), PPetr. 3p.221 (iii B. C.), etc.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τροφή , -ῆς ,

(< τρέφω ),

[in LXX for H3899, H4202, H400, etc.;]

nourishment, food: Matthew 3:4; Matthew 6:25; Matthew 10:10; Matthew 24:45, Luke 12:23, John 4:8, Acts 2:46; Acts 9:19; Acts 14:17; Acts 27:33-34; Acts 27:36; Acts 27:38 James 2:15. Metaph.: Hebrews 5:12; Hebrews 5:14.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ὑποβάλλω in the rare sense of ";suborn"; is found in the NT only in Acts 6:11, where Field (Notes, p. 113) cites from Stephanus Appian B.C. i. 74 ἐπὶ δὲ τούτοις, ἐς ὑπόκρισιν ἀρχῆς ἐννόμου, μετὰ τοσούσδε φόνους ἀκρίτους ὑπεβλήθησαν κατήγοροι τῷ ἱερεῖ τοῦ Διὸς Μερόλᾳ. For a somewhat similar use of ὑπόβλητος, cf. P Oxy II. 257.42 (A.D. 94–5) ὀμν [ύω ] . . . εἶνα [ι ἐκ τῆς ] Ἰσιδώρας τὸν Θεογένην. [. . . . . . .] καὶ μὴ θέσει μ [ηδ ]ὲ ὑπόβλητο [ν, ";I swear that Theogenes is the son of Isidora, and neither adopted nor supposititious"; (Edd.), similarly ib. X. 1266.34 (A.D. 98), and ib. XIV. 1630.9 (A.D. 222?) Ἰσιδώρου ὑποβλήτῳ χρησαμένῳ ( = -ένου) [ὀνόματι ?, ";Isodorus using a false name."; In Gnomon 70 ( = BGU V. p. 28) ὑπόβλητοι refers to ";dummy"; persons.

Ὑποβάλλω in the more literal sense of ";subject,"; ";submit,"; occurs in P Oxy XII. 1468.7 (c. A.D. 258) τοῖς κακουργεῖν προχείρως ἔχουσιν τέχνῃ. . . τοῖς ἐκ τῶν νόμων ὡρισμένοις ἐπιτειμίοις ὑποβάλλει ἡ σὴ εὔτονος καὶ περὶ πάντα ἀκοίμητος πρόνοια, ";the wicked designs of those who are ready to commit crimes by artifice are subjected to the decreed penalties of the laws by your active and in all cases unresting vigilance"; (Edd.), ib. VIII.1101.25 (A.D. 367–70) ἐὰν δὲ ῃ ] βουλευτή ̓, δ ̣ημεύσει ὑποβάλλω, ";and if he is a senator, I subject him to confiscation of property"; (Ed.).

For the meaning ";suggest,"; ";prompt,"; cf. ib. XVI. 1837.8 (early vi/A.D.) ὑποβάλλι τῷ μεγαλοπρε (πεστάτῳ), ";he is suggesting to his magnificence"; (Edd.). From this it is an easy transition to ";nominate,"; as in ib. VI. 900.6 (A.D. 332) ὑποβληθέντος ε ̣̀τ ̣ι εἰς κονδουκτορίαν, ";being nominated besides as contractor,"; and .8 ὑπὲρ τῶν ἐνιαυσίως εἰς τοῦτο ὑπ [ο ]βαλλομένων, ";on behalf of the annual nominees to this office.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
τροφας τροφάς τροφὰς τροφη τροφή τροφὴ τροφην τροφήν τροφὴν τροφης τροφής τροφῆς trophas trophàs trophe trophē trophḗ trophḕ trophen trophēn trophḕn trophes trophês trophēs trophē̂s
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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