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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5171 - τρυφάω

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  1. to live delicately, live luxuriously, be given to soft and luxurious life
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5727 ‑ עָדַן (aw‑dan');  6026 ‑ עָנַג (aw‑nag');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (2)
James 2
BSB (1)
James 1
CSB (1)
James 1
ESV (1)
James 1
KJV (1)
James 1
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (2)
James 2
N95 (2)
James 2
NAS (3)
James 2
NLT (1)
James 1
WEB (2)
James 2
YLT (1)
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



live softly, luxuriously, fare sumptuously,, ἐν ἀγκάλαις μητρὸς τρυφῆσαι, of a child, E. Ion 1376, cf. Ba. 969; τ. ἐν ταῖς ἐσθῆσι Isoc. 2.32; τ. καὶ μεγαλοπρεπῶς διαιτᾶσθαι X. Ath. 1.11; λευκὸς ἄνθρωπος, παχύς, ἀργός.., εἰωθὼς τρυφᾶν Sosicr. 1, cf. Ephesians 5:5, Gal. 6.416, etc.; παῖσον, τρύφησον, ζῆσον· ἀποθανεῖν σε δεῖ Epigr.Gr. 362.5 (Cotiaeum, ii/iii A. D.).

2. part. τρυφῶν as Adj., effeminate, luxurious, Ar. Nu. 48, etc.; τ. καὶ ἀμελής Pl. Lg. 901a; τὸ τρυφῶν effeminacy, Ar. V. 1455 (lyr.); also of things, dainty, delicate, βασιλικὴ καὶ τρυφῶσα παιδεία Pl. Lg. 695d; ἀσπίδα.. τρυφῶσαν Aristopho 14, cf. Antiph. 52.10 (troch.); ἄρτοι τ. Alc.Com. 5.

II to be licentious, run riot, wax wanton, Ar. Lys. 405, etc.; to be extravagant, opp. γλίσχρως ζῆν, Arist. Pol. 1266b26.

2. revel in, ἐν τοῖς ἀγαθοῖς τινος LXX Si. 14.4; delight in, ἐν ἀγαθωσύνῃ σου ib. Nehemiah 9:25.

III give oneself airs, be dainty, fastidious, ἆρ' οὐ τρυφῶμεν..., οἷσιν οὐκ ἀρκεῖ τάδε; E. Supp. 214; τ. δ' ὁ δαίμων is fickle, ib. 552; ἐπειδή μοι δοκεῖς σὺ τρυφᾶν to hang back, Pl. Euthphr. 11e, cf. La. 179d, Alc. 1.114a; οἱ τρυφῶντες spoiled pets, Id. Men. 76b; ἐν ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις τ. καὶ κολακεύεσθαι, of the people, D. 8.34; οὐκ ἀνεκτὸν εἶναι.. αἰχμάλωτον οὖσαν τρυφᾶν Id. 19.197; τρυφῶσιν ἕτεροι πρὸς ἑτέρους, of philosophers, Alex. 221.14; followed by a modifying clause, νῦν δὲ τρυφᾷς διότι.. Pl. Prt. 327e; ἐν ταῖς.. ἑτέρων.. ἀτυχίαις τ. Euphro 12; later, τ. κατά τινος make sport of.., Him. Ecclesiastes 12:2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

τρυφάω, τρύφω: 1 aorist ἐτρύφησα; (τρυφή, which see); to live delicately, live luxuriously, be given to a soft and luxurious life: James 5:5. (Nehemiah 9:25; Isaiah 66:11; Isocrates, Euripides, Xenophon, Plato, and following) (Compare: ἐντρυφάω. Synonym: cf. Trench, § liv.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τρυφάω , -

(< τρυφή ),

[in LXX: Nehemiah 9:25 (H5727 hithp.), Isaiah 66:11 (H6026 hithp.), Sirach 14:4 *;]

to live daintily, luxuriously, to fare sumptuously: James 5:5 (cf. ἐν -τρυφάω ).†

SYN.: σπαταλάω G4684 (q.v.), στρηνιάω G4764.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

With this verb = ";feign,"; ";pretend,"; in Luke 20:20, cf. Pss. Sol. 4:22 ἐκκόψειαν κόρακες ὀφθαλμοὺς ἀνθρώπων ὑποκρινομένων, ";let ravens peck out the eyes of the men that work hypocrisy"; (Ryle and James).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ετρύφησαν ετρυφησατε ετρυφήσατε ἐτρυφήσατε τρυφερά τρυφερός τρυφερότητα τρυφήσητε etruphesate etruphēsate etryphesate etryphēsate etryphḗsate
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