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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5273 - ὑποκριτής

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G5271)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. one who answers, an interpreter
  2. an actor, stage player
  3. a dissembler, pretender, hypocrite
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2611 ‑ חָנֵף (khaw‑nafe');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (20)
Matthew 15
Mark 1
Luke 4
NAS (18)
Matthew 14
Mark 1
Luke 3
CSB (16)
Matthew 13
Mark 1
Luke 2
BSB (17)
Matthew 13
Mark 1
Luke 3
ESV (12)
Matthew 9
Luke 3
WEB (20)
Matthew 15
Mark 1
Luke 4
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὑπο-κρῐτής, οῦ, ὁ,

one who answers:

I interpreter or expounder, τῆς δι' αἰνιγμῶν φήμης Pl. Ti. 72b; ὀνείρων Luc. Somn. 17, etc.

II in Att., one who plays a part on the stage, actor, Ar. V. 1279, Pl. R. 373b, Chrm. 162d, Smp. 194b, X. Mem. 2.2.9, etc.

2. of an orator, ποικίλος ὑ. καὶ περιττός (of Dem.) Phld. Rh. 1.197 S.; one who delivers, recites, declaimer, ἐπῶν Tim. Lex. s.v. ῥαψῳδοί; rhapsodist, D.S. 14.109, 15.7; this sense or sense 11.1 is possible in PCair.Zen. 4.44 (iii B. C.).

3. metaph., pretender, dissembler, hypocrite, LXX Job 34:30, LXX Job 36:13, Matthew 23:13, al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὑποκριτής, ὑποκριτου, (ὑποκρίνομαι, which see);

1. one who answers, an interpreter (Plato, Lucian).

2. an actor, stage-player (Aristophanes, Xenophon, Plato, Aelian, Herodian).

3. in Biblical Greek, a dissembler, pretender, hypocrite: Matthew 6:2, 5, 16; Matthew 7:5; Matthew 15:7; Matthew 16:3 Rec.; Rec., (13 Tdf.),; ; Mark 7:6; Luke 6:42; Luke 11:44 R L in brackets; Luke 12:56; Luke 13:15. (Job 34:30; Job 36:13, for חָנֵף, profane, impious.) (Mention is made of Heimsoeth, De voce ὑποκριτής comment. (Bonnae, 1874, 4to.).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὑπο -κριτής , -οῦ , (< ὑποκρίνομαι , q.v.),

[in LXX Job 34:30; Job 36:13 (H2611) *;]

1. one who answers, an interpreter (Plat.).

2. a stage player, actor (Plut., Xen., al.). Metaph. (in LXX and NT), a pretender, dissembler, hypocrite: Matthew 6:2; Matthew 6:5; Matthew 6:16; Matthew 7:5; Matthew 15:7; Matthew 22:18; Matthew 23:13-15; Matthew 24:51, Mark 7:6 Luke 6:42; Luke 12:56; Luke 13:15.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";friendship"; is found in the NT only in Jas. 4:4, but occurs several times in Prov and the Apocrypha. The word is opposed to ἔχθρα in P Hib I 170.2 (B.C. 247) φρόντισον. . . ἵνα μὴ ἀντὶ φιλίας ἔχθραν [ποώ ]μεθα. Other exx. are PSI IV. 415.5 (iii/B.C.) ὁ κομίζων σοι τὴν ἐπιστ [ο ]λήν ἐστιν ἡμῖν ἐν φιλίαι, P Grenf 1.1.4 (Alexandrian erotic fragment—ii/B.C.) ὁ τὴν φιλίαν ἐκτικὼς ἔλαβέ με ἔρως, ";love the stablisher of friendship overcame me"; (Ed.). P Tebt I. 59.8 (B.C. 99) ὑποδεικνυ <όντ >ων ἣν ἒχετε πρὸς ἡμᾶς ἄνωθεν πατρικὴν φιλίαν, ";intimating to me the hereditary friendship which you have for me of old"; (Edd.), BGU IV. 1141.25 (B.C. 14) κἀγὼ τὴν φιλίαν σου θέλων ἄμεμπτ [ον ] ἐματὸν ἐτήρησα, P Lond 897.9 (A.D. 84) (= III. p. 207) εἵνα μὴ τὴν πρός σε φιλείαν καταλείψωι, P Tebt II. 616 (ii/A.D.) ἐνεργίας καὶ σπουδῆς καὶ φιλείας, P Oxy IV. 705.33 (A.D. 200–2) ἡ πρὸς,Ρωμαίους ευ ̣̀ν ̣[οι ] ά τε καὶ πίστις καὶ φιλία ἣν ἐνεδείξαντο, and P Fay 135.10 (iv/A.D.) ἐπ ̣ι ̣σπούδασον πληρῶσαι ἵνα ἡ φιλία διαμίνῃ μ ̣ε ̣τ᾽ ἀλλήλων, ";make haste to pay, in order lhat we may remain on good Terms with each other"; (Edd.).

Φιλία is used as a title in such passages as PSI I. 97.1 (vi/A.D.) ἡ ὑμ ]ε [τ ]έρα λαμπρὰ καὶ ἀδελφικὴ φιλία, ib. 98.3 (vi/A.D.) ἡ πανάρετός σου φιλία, and P Amh II. 154.1, .6 (vi/vii A.D.). We may note also the adv. φιλικῶς in a closing greeting in the letter Preisigke 6782.15 (B.C. 259) π ̣οιήσομεν γὰρ φιλικῶ [ς ].῎ Ερρ [ω ]σο.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
υποκριτα υποκριτά ὑποκριτά υποκριται υποκριταί ὑποκριταί ὑποκριταὶ υποκριτήν υποκριτων υποκριτών ὑποκριτῶν hypokrita hypokritá hypokritai hypokritaí hypokritaì hypokriton hypokritôn hypokritōn hypokritō̂n upokrita upokritai upokriton upokritōn
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