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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5289 - ὑποστολή

from (G5288)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. the timidity of one stealthily retreating
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (2)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὑποστολή, ἡ,

fasting, Plu. 2.129c, Heliod. ap. Orib. 46.20.6.

2. omission of a letter, τοῦ ῑ A.D. Adv. 187.22: generally, removal, Id. Pron. 91.26, al.

II shrinking, timidity, evasion, Hebrews 10:39, Hsch.; δι' ὑποστολῆς holding back, Ascl. Tact. 10.21; μετά τινος ὑ. with a certain reserve, Phld. Rh. 1.108 S.

III concealment, dissimulation, J. BJ 2.14.2.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

*† ὑπο -στολή , -ῆς ,

(<ὑποστέλλω ),

1. a letting down, lowering (Plut.).

2. a shrinking back (Hesych.): οὐκ ἐσμὲν ὑποστολῆς (on the gen., v. Bl., § 35, 2), Hebrews 10:39.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

φιλοτιμέομαι is found in the NT in Rom. 15:20, 2Co. 2:9, 1Th. 4:11, and in all three passages seems to have lost its original idea of emulating (";am ambitious";), and to mean little more than ";am zealous,"; ";strive eagerly,"; in accordance with its usage in late Greek : cf. P Petr III. 42 H.(8) f.3 (iii/B.C.) ἐφιλοτιμοῦ με παραγε [νέσθαι πρὸς σὲ καὶ ] ἦλθον, PSI IV. 375.4 (B.C. 250–49) δν τρόπον ἐφιλοτιμήθης περὶ ἡμῶν, P Cairo Zen III. 59305.4 (B.C. 250), and P Tebt II. 410.10 (i/A.D.) μν [ ]σθητι ̣ ̣[ς ] ̣ν ̣ τῷ Τρ [ι ]στόμῳ με ἐφιλοτ [ι ]μ ̣οῦ σὺν ἐμοὶ μεῖναι, ";remember how zealous you were at Tristomos to remain with me"; (Edd.).

The verb is also common in honorary decrees, where its general meaning is ";act with public spirit,"; e.g. CIA II. 444.23ff. (ii/B.C.) ὅπως οὖν καὶ ἡ βουλὴ καὶ ὁ δῆμος μνημονεύοντες φαίνωνται τῶν εἰς ἑαυτοὺς φιλοτιμουμένων, OGIS 117.8 (ii/B.C.) ὁ δῆμος ὁ Ἀθηναίων εὐχάριστος ὤν διατελεῖ τοῖς εἰς ἐαυτὸν φιλοτιμουμένοις and ib 118.10 (ii/B.C.), 233.15 (iii/B.C.). See further Hicks CR i. p. 46, Field Notes p.165, and Lightfoot Notes p. 60 f.

For the subst. φιλοτιμία cf. P Par 63.68 (B.C. 164) (=P Petr III. p. 24) μήτε φιλοτιμίας μήτε πλεονεξίας γενηθείσης, ";no undue [official# competition or grasping being permitted"; (Mahaffyv, P Oxy VIII. 1153.16 (i/A.D.) ἂ ἐδ ̣ω ̣ρήσατό σοι Παυσανίας ὁ ἀσελφός σου πρὸ πολλοῦ ἐκ φιλοτιμίας αὐτοῦ κατηρτισμένα, ";which (sc. wristbands) your brother Pausanias went to the expense of having made some time ago and presented to you"; (Ed.), and ib. XVI. 1913.14 (c. A.D. 555?) λόγῳ. φιλοτιμίας, ";by way of largesse"; (Edd.).

For the adj. φιλότιμος cf. P Petr I. 29.12 (iii/B.C.), wherethe writer says that he had borrowed from Dynis 4 artabae of wheat, which he had offered and ";was pressing"; (φιλοτίμου ὄντος) to lend, P Giss I. 3.13 (A.D. 117) (= Chrest. I. p. 571) φιλότιμόν τε τὸ πρὸς [ἡμᾶς, P Ryl II. 77.34 (A.D. 192) μιμοῦ τὸν πα ̣[τ ]ε ̣ ρα τὸν φιλότιμον τὸν [γ ]έρ ̣ον ̣τα φῶτα, ";imitate your father the lover of office, the brave old man"; (Edd.), and for the compve PSI IV. 392.12 (B.C. 242–1) εὐχαριστήσεις δέ μοι φιλοτιμότερον γράψας ἐνταῦθα οἶς ἂν ὑπολαμβάνηις ἐπιτήδεον εἶναι, P Tebt I. 23.10 (c. B.C. 119 or 114) διὸ καὶ ἔτι καὶ νῦν καλῶς ποιήσεις φιλοτιμότερον προθυμηθεὶς ἵνα τὰ πρὸς αὐτὸν [. . .] διορθώσηι, ";I shall therefore be glad if you will even now endeavour more earnestly to correct your behaviour towards him"; (Edd.), and for the adv. φιλοτίμως, PSI IV. 412.10 (iii/B.C.) ἔντειλαι οὖν φιλοτίμως, ib. VI. 568.6 (B.C. 253–2) ποιήσομε ]ν γὰρ φιλοτίμως, and P Cairo Zen III. 59401.3 (iii/B.C.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
υποστολης υποστολής ὑποστολῆς hypostoles hypostolês hypostolēs hypostolē̂s upostoles upostolēs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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