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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5299 - ὑπωπιάζω

from a compound of (G5259) and a derivative of (G3700)
Parts of Speech
  1. to beat black and blue, to smite so as to cause bruises and livid spots
    1. like a boxer one buffets his body, handle it roughly, discipline by hardships
  2. metaph.
    1. to give one intolerable annoyance
      1. beat one out, wear one out
    2. by entreaties
  3. that part of the face that is under the eyes
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (2)
1 Corinthians
NAS (2)
1 Corinthians
HCS (2)
1 Corinthians
BSB (2)
1 Corinthians
ESV (2)
1 Corinthians
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


strike one under the eye, give him a black eye: Pass., have a black eye, ὑπωπιασμέναι Ar. Pax 541, cf. Arist. Rh. 1413a20, D.L. 6.89.

II metaph., bruise, mortify, 1 Corinthians 9:27; also, annoy greatly, wear out, τινα Luke 18:5, cf. Plu. 2.921f (corr. Turnebus for ὑποπιέζω).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ὑπωπιάζω

(< ὑπώπιον , (a) the part of the face below the eyes; (b) a blow on the face),

to strike under the eye, give a black eye:


(a) of persistent annoyance (RV, wear out), Luke 18:6;

(b) of severe self-discipline (R, txt. buffet, mg. bruise), 1 Corinthians 9:27 (v. Field, Notes, 71, 174).†

ὑπο -πιάζω ,

later form of ὑποπιέζω , to press slightly; metaph.,

to repress: 1 Corinthians 9:27 T.7 for ὑπωπιάζω , q.v.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

(act. obsolete) : (1) ";fear,"; ";dread,"; (a) absol., P Lips I. 40ii. 22 (iv/v A.D.) κἀγὼ αὐτὸς φοβοῦμαι, ἐπειδὴ ἀπών ἐστιν ὁ ἑταῖρός μου, OGIS 669.59 (i/A.D.) ὅσοι μὲν γὰρ ἐφοβήθησαν ἀκούσαντες περὶ. . .; (b) c. acc, P Oxy II. 237viii. 11 (A.D. 186) φοβηθέντας τὸν κίνδυνον, ";through fear of the danger"; (Edd.), P Flor III. 332.12 (ii/A.D.) οὔ ]τε προσεκύνησα θεοὺς φοβουμένη σου το ̣, μετέωρον, P Grenf II. 84.3 (v/vi A.D.) τοὺς νόμους φοβηθεὶς ἔφυγεν εἰς ἐρημίαν (said of a patricide); (c) c. μή and conj., P Magd 9.3 (iii/B.C.) φοβουμένη μὴ συμπέσηι (of a sanctuary in a dangerous state), BGU IV. 1097.4 (time of Claudius or Nero) (= Olsson, p. 113) φοβοῦμαι γὰρ μὴ σχάσῃ. νε [ν ]αυσίακε [γ ]άρ, ";for I am afraid that he will give up, for he has become sick,"; P Tebt II. 318.18 (A.D. 166) φο [βου ]μένη δ [ ]μὴ λάθω [κατὰ ] τ ̣ὸ εἴς με δίκαι [ον ] οἰκονομε ̣ι ̣[ας, ";as I am afraid that my right of procedure may escape notice"; (Edd.), ib. 335.8 (mid. iii/A.D.) φοβ ̣ου ̣ μενος μὴ ἄρα εὑρεθείη ἐν αὐτοῖς ἐπίλημψι [ς, ";from fear that they might disclose a claim by seizure"; (Edd.). In Gal. 4:11 φοβοῦμαι ὑμᾶς μή πως εἰκῆ κεκοπίακα, ";I am afraid about you : perhaps I have toiled in vain,"; we have an ex. of μή used in cautious assertions : see Proleg. pp. 192f., 248. (d) On the translation-Hebraism φοβοῦμαι ἀπό, as in Mat. 10:28 (= Luk. 12:4), see Proleg. pp. 102, 104, and Thackeray Gr. i. p. 46 f.

(2) ";reverence,"; P Tebt I.59.10 (B.C. 99) (= Witkowski.2, p. 113) an official writes to the priests of Tebtunis assuring them of his good will διὰ τὸ ἄνωθεν φοβεῖσθαι καὶ σέβεσθαι τὸ ἱερόν, ";because of old I revere and worship the temple.";

In illustration of the φοβούμενος τὸν θεόν of Act. 10:2, al., Deissmann (LAE2, p. 451) cites the inscr. from the theatre of Miletus

Τόπος Εἰουδέων τῶν καὶ Θεοσεβίον.

";Place of the Jews, who also are called God-fearing.";




The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
υποπιάζη υπώπια υπωπιαζη ὑπωπιάζῃ υπωπιαζω υπωπιάζω ὑπωπιάζω hypopiaze hypōpiazē hypopiázei hypōpiázēi hypopiazo hypopiázo hypōpiazō hypōpiázō upopiaze upōpiazē upopiazo upōpiazō
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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