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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5306 - ὕστερος

Root Word (Etymology)
comparative from (G5259) (in the sense of behind)
Parts of Speech
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  1. latter, later, coming after, the second
  2. afterward, after this, later, lastly
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5927 ‑ עָלָה (aw‑law');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
1 Timothy 1
NAS (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
1 Timothy 1
CSB (1)
1 Timothy 1
BSB (1)
1 Timothy 1
ESV (6)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
John 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
WEB (1)
1 Timothy 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὕστερος, ὕστᾰτος,

latter, last, Comp. and Sup. without any Posit. Adj. in use. (The Posit. must be looked for in Skt. úd 'up'; with ὕστερος, ὕστατος cf. Skt. Comp. and Sup. úttaras, uttamás 'higher, (later)', 'highest, (latest)'; cf. ὑστέρα.) ὕστερος, α, ον, latter:

I of Place, coming after, behind, ὑστέρῳ ποδί E. Hipp. 1243, HF 1040; ὑστέρας ἔχων πώλους keeping them behind, S. El. 734; ὕ. λόχος X. Cyr. 2.3.21; ἐν τῷ ὑ. λόγῳ Antipho 6.14, cf. Pi. O. 11(10).5, Pl. Grg. 503c, etc.; τὰ ὕ. the latter clauses, Plu. 2.742d (s. v. l., δεύτερα Turnebus): c. gen., ὕστεροι ἡμῶν behind us, Pl. Ly. 206e, cf. Th. 3.103; οὐδὲν ὑστέρα νεώς not a whit behind (slower than) a ship, A. Eu. 251.

II of Time, next, ὁ δ' ὕστερος ὄρνυτο χαλκῷ Il. 5.17, 16.479; τῷ ὑ. ἔτει in the next year, X HG 7.2.10; τῇ ὑ. Ὀλυμπιάδι Hdt. 6.103; ὑ. χρόνῳ in after time, Id. 1.130, A. Ag. 702 (lyr.), etc.; ἐν ὑ. χρόνοις Pl. Lg. 865a; ἐν ὑστέραισιν ἡμέραις A. Ag. 1666 (troch.); δεκάτῃ ὑ. or ὑ. δεκάτῃ, on the 21st day, Decr. ap. D.L. 7.10, cf. Longin. Rh. p.192 H.: c. gen., later than, after, σεῦ ὕστερος εἶμ' ὑπὸ γαῖαν Il. 18.333, cf. Ar. Ec. 859, Pl. Phd. 87c, al.: ὑ. χρόνῳ τούτων Hdt. 4.166, 5.32, cf. Th. 2.54.

2. later, too late, ὕ. ἐλθών Il. 18.320; κἂν ὕ. ἔλθῃ Ar. V. 691 (anap.); μῶν ὕστεραι πάρεσμεν; Id. Lys. 69; ὑ. ἀφικνεῖσθαι Th. 4.90; . (sc. ἐλθών) S. OT 222, Tr. 92; Διονύσιος ὁ ὕ. D. the second, Arist. Pol. 1312a4.

3. c. gen. rei, too late for, ὕστεροι ἀπικόμενοι τῆς συμβολῆς Hdt. 6.120; ὕ. ἐλθεῖν τοῦ σημείου Ar. V. 690 (anap.); κακῶν ὕ. ἀφῖγμαι E. HF 1174; ὕ. ἀφίκοντο τῆς μάχης μιᾷ ἡμέρᾳ Pl. Lg. 698e.

4. as Subst., οἱ ὕ. posterity, E. Supp. 1225; ἄνδρες ὕ., ὕ. βροτοί, Id. Tr. 13, 1245.

III of inferiority in Age, Worth, or Quality, γένει ὕ., i.e. younger, Il. 3.215; c. gen., οὐδενὸς ὕ. second to none, S. Ph. 181 (lyr.), cf. Th. 1.91; γυναικὸς ὕ. S. Ant. 746; μηδ' ἔμπροσθεν τῶν νόμων, ἀλλ' ὕ. πολιτεύου not putting yourself above the laws, but below them, Aeschin. 3.23; σῶμα δεύτερον καὶ ὕ (sc. ψυχῆς) Pl. Lg. 896c; νομίσας πάντα ὕστερα εἶναι τἆλλα πρός τι that all things were secondary to.., Th. 8.41.

2. logically posterior, ὁ τόπος ὕ. τῆς ὕλης Plot. 2.4.12. Adv. ὑστέρως is found only in Eccl. writers, the ascription to Plato by Ammon. Diff. p.115V., Thom.Mag. p.284 R. being now corrected from Ptol. Ascal. p.405 H., where codd. have δευτέρως:

the neut. ὕστερον was used, rarely of Place, behind, ὀπαδεῖν ὕ. A. Fr. 475; ὕ. τῶν ἱππέων γίγνεσθαι X. Cyr. 5.3.42.

2. of Time, later, afterwards, parm. 8.10, Hdt. 6.91, etc.; also τὸ ὕ., opp. τὸ παλαιόν, Lycurg. 61; ὕστερα Od. 16.319; freq. with other words, ὕ. αὖτις Il. 1.27; οὔποτ' αὖθις ὕ. S. Aj. 858; ἔπειτα δ' ὕ., after μέν, Antiph. 270; εἶτα.. . Id. 53.4; χρόνῳ ὕ. πολλῷ a long time after, Hdt. 1.171; ὕ. χρόνῳ or χρόνῳ ὕ. some time later, Th. 1.8, 64; χρόνοις ὕ. Lys. 3.39; βραχεῖ χρόνῳ ὕ. X. Cyr. 5.3.52; οὐ πολλαῖς ἡμέραις ὕ. Id. HG 1.1.1; ὀλίγῳ or ὀλίγον ὕ. Pl. R. 327c, Grg. 471c; πολλῷ ὕ. Th. 2.49, Pl. Phd. 58a; οἱ ἄνθρωποι οἱ ὕ. posterity, Id. R. 415d; τὰ ὕ. γράμματα the later inscriptions, Id. Chrm. 165a. c. gen., ὕ. τούτων Hdt. 1.113, etc.; ὕ. ἔτι τούτων Id. 9.83; τῆς ἐμεωυτοῦ γνώμης ὕ. after my own opinion was formed, Id. 2.18; τοῦ δέοντος ὕ. later than ought to be, Ar. Lys. 57: c. dat. et gen., ἔτεσι πολλοῖσι ὕ. τούτων Hdt. 6.140, cf. 1.91; πολλῷ ὕ. τῶν Τρωϊκῶν Th. 1.3, cf. Isoc. 19.22: folld. by ἤ, τεσσαρακοστῇ ἡμέρᾳ ὕ... ἢ ποτείδαια ἀπέστη Th. 1.60, cf. 6.4.

3. in Adv. sense with Preps., ἐς ὕστερον Od. 12.126, Hes. Op. 351, Hdt. 5.41, 74, S. Ant. 1194, E. IA 720, Pl. Ti. 82b, etc.: ἐν ὑστέρῳ Th. 3.13, 8.27: ἐξ ὑστέρου D.S. 14.109, D.H. 4.73; also ἐξ ὑστέρης Hdt. 1.108, 5.106, 6.85. ὕστᾰτος, η, ον, last: I of Place, ἅμα θ' οἱ πρῶτοί τε καὶ ὕστατοι Il. 2.281; εὐθυντὴρ ὕστατος νεώς hindmost, of a rudder, A. Supp. 717; ἡμῖν τοῖς ὑ. κατακειμενοις Pl. Smp. 177e. II of Time, τίνα πρῶτον, τίνα δ' ὕ. ἐξενάριξεν; Il. 11.299, cf. 5.703, E HF 485, etc.; ὁ δ' ὕ. γε.. πρεσβεύεται A. Ag. 1300; ἡλίου.. πρὸς ὕ. φῶς ib. 1324; τὸν ὕ. μέλψασα γόον ib. 1445; τοὔπος ὕ. θροεῖ S. Aj. 864; ἡ ὑστάτη (sc. ἡμέρα) τῆς ὁρτῆς the last day of.., Hdt. 2.151; ἐν τοῖσιν ὑ. φράσω Ar. Ra. 908; οὐκ ἐν ὑστάτοις not among the last, E. Ion 1115; οἱ ὕστατοι εἰπόντες D. 1.16, etc.; ὕστατος ἁλώσιος ἀντάσαις meeting with his downfall at last, Pi. O. 10(11).41.

III of Rank or Degree, οὐκ ἐν ὑστάτοις S. Tr. 315; τὰ ὕ. πάσχειν, like τὰ ἔσχατα, Luc. Phal. 1.5. for regul. Adv. ὑστάτως (which occurs only in Hippiatr. 20), the neut. sg. and pl. are used, πύματόν τε καὶ ὕστατον Od. 20.116; ὕστατα καὶ πύματα 4.685, 20.13; νῦν ὕστατα Il. 1.232, Od. 22.78; ὕστατα ὁρμηθέντες Hdt. 8.43; καὶ πρῶτον καὶ ὕ. Pl. Mx. 247a; ὕ. δή σε προσεροῦσι, τὸ ὕ. προσειπεῖν, Id. Phd. 60a, Luc. VH 1.30.

2. in Adv. sense with Preps., ἐν ὑστάτοις at last, Pl. R. 620c; εἰς τὸ ὕ. extremely, γέρων ἐς τὸ ὕ. Luc. Herm. 9.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὕστερος, ὑστέρα, ὕστερον, latter, later, coming after: ἐν ὑστέροις καιροῖς, 1 Timothy 4:1; ὕστερος equivalent to the second, Matthew 21:31 L Tr WH, but cf. Fritzsche's and Meyer's critical notes (especially WH's Appendix) at the passage Neuter ὕστερον, from Homer down, adverbially, afterward, after this, later, lastly, used alike of a shorter and of a longer period: Matthew 4:2; Matthew 21:29, 32, 37; Matthew 25:11; Matthew 26:60; Mark 16:14; Luke 4:2 Rec.; (Luke 20:32 L T Tr WH); John 13:36; Hebrews 12:11; with a genitive after one, Matthew 22:27; Luke 20:32 (R G).

STRONGS NT 5306a: ὑφαίνω ὑφαίνω; from Homer down; the Sept. for אָרַג; to weave: Luke 12:27 T WH (rejected) marginal reading

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὕστερος , -α , -ον ,

[in LXX for H314 and cogn. forms;]

latter, later: ἐν ὑ . καιροῖς , 1 Timothy 4:1 (on the reading ὁ ὕ ., WH, for ὁ πρῶτος , v. WH, App., in l). Neut., τὸ ὕ ., used adverbially instead of ὑστέρως , afterwards, later: Matthew 4:2; Matthew 21:29; Matthew 21:32; Matthew 21:37; Matthew 25:11; Matthew 26:60, Mark 16:14, Luke 20:32, John 13:36, Hebrews 12:11; c. gen., Matthew 22:27.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";a murderer"; (Mt 227, al.): P Lips I. 3729 (A.D. 389 Ἰωνᾶν τὸν προκίμενον φονέα ἀποδεῖξαι, BGU IV. 1024 viii. 11 (iv/v A.D.) ξίφι σαι (l. ξίφει σε) [κα ]ταβληθῆναι ὡς φονέα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πρῶτος ύστεροι υστεροις υστέροις ὑστέροις υστερος ὕστερος υφαίνειν ύφαινον υφαινόντων υφαίνουσι υφάναι ύφανε ύφανεν υφάνης υφαντού υφάντου υφασμένον υφείλετο hysterois hystérois protos prôtos prōtos prō̂tos usterois
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