Attention!
Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day.

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5401 - φόβος

Transliteration
phóbos
Phonetics
fob'-os
Origin
from a primary phebomai (to be put in fear)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
9:189,1272
Definition
Thayer's
  1. fear, dread, terror
    1. that which strikes terror
  2. reverence for one's husband
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 367 ‑ אֵמָה (ay‑maw', ay‑maw');  1763 ‑ דְּחַל (deh‑khal');  2730 ‑ חָרֵד (khaw‑rade');  2844 ‑ חַת (khath);  3374 ‑ יִרְאָה (yir‑aw');  6184 ‑ עָרִיץ (aw‑reets');  6343 ‑ פַּחַד (pakh'‑ad);  7413 ‑ רָמָה (raw‑maw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (46)
Matthew
3
Mark
1
Luke
6
John
3
Acts
5
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
5
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
5
1 John
3
Jude
1
Revelation
3
NAS (47)
Matthew
3
Luke
6
John
3
Acts
6
Romans
6
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
5
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
5
1 John
3
Jude
1
Revelation
3
HCS (45)
Matthew
3
Luke
6
John
3
Acts
5
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
5
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
5
1 John
3
Jude
1
Revelation
3
BSB (47)
Matthew
3
Mark
1
Luke
7
John
3
Acts
5
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
5
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
5
1 John
3
Jude
1
Revelation
3
ESV (42)
Matthew
3
Mark
1
Luke
5
John
3
Acts
5
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
5
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
3
1 John
3
Revelation
3
WEB (46)
Matthew
3
Luke
6
John
3
Acts
5
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
5
Ephesians
2
Philippians
1
1 Timothy
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
6
1 John
3
Jude
1
Revelation
3
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φόβος, ὁ,

(φέβομαι)

panic flight, the usual sense in Hom., cf. Sch. Il. 11.71 (but cf. φύζα, φόβου κρυόεντος ἑταίρη Il. 9.2); once in Od., οἱ δ' ἔσχοντο φόβου 24.57; freq. in Il., Δαναῶν γένετο ἰαχή τε φ. τε 15.396; πρῶτος Πηνέλεως.. ἦρχε φόβοιο 17.597; ἐς φόβον ἀνδρῶν 15.310; φόβονδε = φύγαδε, ἑστάμεναι κρατερῶς, μηδὲ τρωπᾶσθε φόβονδε ib. 666; φόβονδ' ἔχε μώνυχας ἵππους 8.139; μή τι φόβονδ' ἀγόρευε counsel not to flight, 5.252; ἀΐξαντα φόβονδε 17.579; ὦρσαν φόβον Δαναοῖς B. 12.145.

2. Φόβος personified, as son of Ares, Il. 13.299; Δεῖμός τε Φ. τε 11.37, cf. 4.440, 15.119, Hes. Th. 934, A. Th. 45; worshipped at Selinus, IG 14.268.2.

II panic fear, [στρατῷ] φ. ἐμβάλλειν Hdt. 7.10. έ; ἐν τῷ γινομένῳ φ. Id. 9.69; generally, fear, terror (distd. from δέος (q.v.)), τορὸς ὀρθόθριξ φ. A. Ch. 32 (lyr.); διάτορος φ. Id. Pr. 183 (lyr.); ταρβόσυνος Id. Th. 240 (lyr.); νεανικός E. Hipp. 1204; joined with δέος and δεῖμα, v. sub vocc.; opp. θάρρος, Pl. Lg. 644c; sts. in milder sense, doubt, scruple, Pl. Phd. 101b; ἔχει πολλὴν ὑποψίαν καὶ φ. ὡς.. Id. Sph. 268a: also, awe, reverence, for a ruler or divine being, τοῦ ἡγεμόνος POxy. 1642.17 (iii A.D.); θεοῦ LXX Psalms 35:1 (36).1, PLond. 2.418.4 (iv A.D.): τοῦκυρίου Act. 931.

Construction, a. c. gen. obj., fear or dread of.., A. Pers. 116 (lyr.), Th. 3.54, etc.; φ. τοῦ στρατεῦσαι X. An. 3.1.18: c. dupl.gen., ὀμμάτων εἰληφότας φόβον.. τῆς ἐμῆς ἐπεισόδου S. OC 730: with Preps., φ. ἀπό τινος X. An. 7.2.37 codd.; ὁ ἀπὸ τῶν πολεμίων φ. Id. Cyr. 3.3.53; οὑξ ὀνειράτων φ. A. Ch. 929; πρός τινος S. El. 783; πρός τινας D. 16.10, 25.93; φ. περὶ τοῦ καρποῦ fear for or concerning.., Th. 4.88; φ. ἑκάστων πέρι Pl. Phlb. 20b; ὑπὲρ τοῦ μέλλοντος Th. 7.41; τὸν ἐκ τῶν Ἑλλήνων εἰς τοὺς βαρβάρους φ. X. An. 1.2.18; τῷ καθ' ἑαντὸν φ. from personal fear, D. 19.2: c. inf., φόβῳ εἰσορᾶν from fear to see, E. IT 1342: for τεθνάναι τῷ φόβῳ τινά, v. θνῄσκω 1.2. with Verbs, τεύχειν φόβον A. Pr. 1090 (anap.); κλάζουσι κώδωνες φ. Id. Th. 386; φ. ποιεῖν τοῖς ἵπποις X. An. 1.8.18; παρασχεῖν E. Hec. 1113, etc.; παρασκευάζειν D. 59.86; φόβους ἐμβάλλειν, φόβον ἐνθεῖναί τινι, to strike terror into one, X. Cyr. 8.7.18, An. 7.4.1; ἐνεργάσασθαί τινι Isoc. 7.38, 11.25; ἔδωκ' Ἀπόλλων θῆρας φόβῳ Pi. P. 5.61; of the person who feels fear, φόβον λαβεῖν, ἔχειν, E. El. 39, X. Hier. 11.11; ἐκ φόβου φ. τρέφω S. Tr. 28: acc. cogn., φόβους φοβεῖσθαι, δεδοικέναι, Pl. Prt. 360b, E. Supp. 548; τὸν σὸν οὐ ταρβῶ φ. I fear not with thy fear, i.e. not like thee, S. Ph. 1251; Ταντάλου φ. φοβεῖσθαι Sch. E. Or. 6; ἐς φ. κατιστέατο Hdt. 8.12, cf. Th. 2.81; ἐν φ. γενέσθαι Pl. R. 578e; φ. μ' ἔχει A. Ag. 1243, cf. E. Or. 1255; μοι φ. τις εἰσελήλυθ', μ' ὑπῆλθέ τις φ., ib. 1324, S. Ph. 1231; τοῖς Ἕλλησι φ. ἐμπίπτει X. An. 2.2.19, etc.; διὰ φόβου ἔρχομαι, διὰ φόβων γίγνομαι, E. Or. 757 (troch.), Pl. Lg. 791b: opp. φόβον λύειν A. Th. 270, E. Or. 104; διαλῦσαι Pl. Mx. 241b; φόβους ἐξαίρει τῶν πολιτῶν Isoc. 2.23; ἀπεληλακέναι τινί X. Cyr. 4.2.10; φόβου ἀπαλλάξεσθαι to get rid of it, ib. 5.2.32; φόβου ἐκλύσασθαί τινα S. OT 1002; φόβους ἀπολύεσθαι Arist. Rh. 1415b18; φόβου μεθεῖσα (Valck. φόβον) E. Hel. 555; φόβου ἔξωθεν εἶναι Id. El. 901; ἵνα φόβος εἴη στρατεύειν X. An. 2.4.3; οὐ φ. μὴ.. Id. Mem. 2.1.25; φ. ἐστὶν ὅπως μὴ.. Pl. Smp. 193a; but φόβος εἰ πείσω I fear I shall not persuade.., E. Med. 184 (anap.); ἡμέας ἔχειφ. τε καὶ δέος ὅκως χρὴ.. Hdt. 4.115 (φόβος ἦν ὥστε μὴ τέγξαι is corrupt in E. IT 1380): adverbial usages, φόβῳ by or through fear, A. Supp. 786 (lyr.), Th. 240 (lyr.), etc.; ἀνάγκῃ καὶ φ. Pl. R. 554d: with Preps., διὰ φόβον, διὰ τὸν φ., Democr. 41, X. Hier. 1.38, Cyr. 3.1.24; ἐκ τίνος φόβου; S. OC 887; μετὰ φόβων Isoc. 2.26; ἄρχειν ξὺν φόβοισι S. OT 585; προαποθνῄσκειν ὑπὸ τοῦ φ. X. Cyr. 3.1.25; Poet., ἀμφὶ φόβῳ E. Or. 825 (lyr.): pl., not only in Poets, as Pi. N. 9.27, A. Th. 134 (prob. l.), S. Aj. 531, etc., but also in Prose, φόβους καὶ δείματα Th. 7.80; πόνους καὶ φ. Pl. Lg. 635c; κινδύνους καὶ φ. Id. Tht. 173a.

2. object or cause of terror, S. OC 1652; φόβος ἀκοῦσαι a terror to hear, Hdt. 6.112: pl., ἢν φόβους λέγῃ S. OT 917; πολλῶν φ. προσαγομένων X. An. 4.1.23.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φόβος , -ου , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3374, also for H6343, H367, etc.;]

1. in Hom., flight.

2. That which causes flight, fear, dread, terror: Luke 1:12, Acts 5:5, 1 Timothy 5:20. 1 John 4:18, al.; cogn. acc, φοβεῖσθαι φ ., Mark 4:41, Luke 2:9; c. gen. obj., John 7:13; John 19:33; John 20:19, Hebrews 2:5, 1 Peter 3:14 (but cf. ICC, in l);ἀπὸ (τοῦ ) φ ., Matthew 14:26, Luke 21:26; εἰς φ ., Romans 8:15; μετὰ φόβου , Matthew 28:8; φ . καὶ τρόμος (Lft., Notes, 172), 1 Corinthians 2:3, 2 Corinthians 7:15, Ephesians 6:5, Philippians 2:12; by meton., of that which causes fear, Romans 13:3; of reverential fear, Romans 13:7, 1 Peter 1:17; 1 Peter 2:18; 1 Peter 3:2; 1 Peter 3:15; τ . κυρίου , Acts 9:31, 2 Corinthians 5:11 (v. Field, Notes, 183); Χριστοῦ , Ephesians 5:21; θεοῦ , Romans 3:18, 2 Corinthians 7:1.

SYN.: see δειλία G1167 (and of. DCG, i, 381).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";worse,"; is fairly common in the NT : cf. BGU IV. 1118.31 (B. C. 22) οὐδενὶ χείρον [α, ib. 1208i. 28 (B.C. 27) τὸ δὲ [πάν ̣των ̣χ ̣ε ̣ι ̣ρ ̣ω (l. χεῖρον), where, however, the word is uncertain, P Oxy II. 237vii. 43 (A.D. 186) χεῖρόν ἐστι ἀνδρὸς ἀφαι [ρεῖσθαι, ";it is worse to take away (a wife) from her husband (than a dowry from a daughter?)"; (Edd.), and Syll 588.122 (c. B.C. 180) τοῦ χείρονος χρυσίου πρῶτον χύμα. For the superlve see ib. 316 (= .3 684).12 (B.C. 139?) τῆς χειρίστης κα [τασ ]τάσεως [κα ]ὶ ταραχῆς, and P Amh II. 40.9 (ii/B.C.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φοβοι φόβοι φοβον φόβον φοβος φόβος φοβου φόβου φοβω φόβω φόβῳ phobo phobō phoboi phóboi phóbōi phobon phóbon phobos phóbos phobou phóbou
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
Next Entry
Φοίβη