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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5404 - φοῖνιξ

of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. a palm tree, date palm
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φοῖνιξ, ῑκος, ὁ, ἡ, Phoenician, Φοῖνιξ ἀνὴρ ἀπατήλια εἰδώς Od. 14.288, cf. 13.272, 15.415; ὡς Φ. ἀνήρ, Σιδώνιος κάπηλος S. Fr. 909.

2. fem., γυνή Φοίνισσα Od. 15.417; Φοίνισσαι, name of plays by Euripides, Phrynichus, etc.; also Φ. ἐμπολά Pi. P. 2.67; χθών, νᾶσος, etc., E. Ph. 6, 204 (lyr.), etc.; Φ. βοά ib. 301 (lyr.); κώπη Id. Hel. 1272; Φ. ἄμπεχος PCair.Zen. 33.14 (iii B. C.).

II Carthaginian, ἀλαλατός Pi. P. 1.72; also fem., Φοίνισσαι νῆες Th. 1.116, D.S. 13.80. φοῖνιξ, ῑκος, ὁ, purple or crimson, because the discovery and earliest use of this colour was ascribed to the Phoenicians, Il. 4.141, 6.219, Od. 23.201, etc.: hence,

2. as Adj. (fem. φοίνισσα Pi. (v. infr.); φοῖνιξ as fem., E. Tr. 815), blood-bay, of a horse, Il. 23.454; of red cattle, φοίνισσα ἀγέλα Pi. P. 4.205, cf. Theoc. 25.128: of the colour of fire, φοίνισσα φλόξ Pi. P. 1.24; πυρὸς φ. πνοά E.l.c.; also φ. ἱμάντες Simon. 17; πέπλοι E. Hel. 181 (lyr.), etc.

II date-palm, Phoenix dactylifera, Od. 6.163, h.Ap. 117, Pi. Fr. 75 14 (dub.), E. Hec. 458 (lyr.), D.S. 2.53; τόξα ἐκ φοίνικος σπάθης πεποιημένα Hdt. 7.69, etc.: the male and female distd. by Hdt. as [ ὁ φ.] ἔρσην and [ ἡ φ.] βαλανηφόρος, 1.193 (but the latter is masc., ibid. and in 4.172, 182); φοινίκων.. τῶν καρπίμων οἱ μὲν ἄρρενες αἱ δὲ θήλειαι Thphr. HP 2.6.6, but αἱ ἀπὸ τῶν ἀρρένων πρὸς τοὺς θήλεις [βοήθειαι ] ib. 2.8.4.

2. palm-frond, as a badge of victory, Arist MM 1196a36, Plu. 2.723b, etc.; τὸν φ. τινὶ ἀποδοῦναι Chrysipp.Stoic. 3.175.

3. date, Hellanic. 56J., Epich. 18, Antiph. 65, Ephipp. 24; more correctly, τοῦφοίνικος ὁ καρπός Hdt. 1.193; καρπὸς φοίνικος Hermipp. 63.22 (hex.); cf. φοινικοβάλανος.

III ὁ χαμαιρριφής dwarf-palm, Chamaerops humilis, Thphr. HP 2.6.11.

2. a Bactrian tree, Mazri palm, Nannorhops ritchieana, ib. 4.4.8.

3. a sea-plant, Callophyllis laciniata, ib. 4.6.2, 10.

4. rye-grass, Lolium perenne, Dsc. 4.43. a musical instrument, like a guitar, invented by the Phoenicians, Hdt. 4.192, Ephor. 4 J., Phillis 2 (pl.), Scamon 3; but so called because made from the Delian palm, acc. to Semus 1. the fabulous bird phoenix, Hes. Fr. 171.4, Antiph. 175; from Arabia acc. to Hdt. 2.73; but from India, Philostr. VA 3.49: prov., φοίνικος ἔτη βιοῦν Luc. Herm. 53. an ornament, LXX Ezekiel 41:25. perfume prepared from the fronds of the date-palm, Thphr. Od. 28. a fish, Ael. NA 12.24. a bandage, Heliod. ap. Orib. 49.11.2. = εὐρύνοτος, Agathem. 2.7. φ. ἐν ὁπλῇ, a disease of the hoof, Hippiatr. 10. an eye-salve, Aët. 7.116. [In all senses of the word in gen., but nom. φοῖνιξ, not φοίνιξ, Hdn.Gr. ap. Choerob. in Thd. 1.292.]

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φοῖνιξ (or, as some prefer to write it, φοῖνιξ; cf. Winer's Grammar, § 6, 1 c.; (and references under the word κῆρυξ)), κηρικος, ;

I. as an appellative, a palm-tree (from Homer down; the Sept. for תָּמָר): τά βαΐα τῶν φοιν. (see βάϊον), the branches of the palmtrees, John 12:13; but φοίνικες itself (A. V. palms) is put for the branches in Revelation 7:9 (2 Macc. 10:7 2Macc. 14:4; (so Aristotle, magn. mor. § 34, p. 1196{a}, 36)).

II. a proper name, Phoenix, a city and haven of Crete (B. D. (especially Amos edition) under the word Phenice): Acts 27:12.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(on the accent, v. Bl., § 4, 2; WM, § 6, lc), -ικος , ,

[in LXX for H8558 H8561;]

the date palm, palm: τὰ βαΐα τῶν φ ., John 12:13; of palm branches, φοίνικες (as Arist., 2 Maccabees 10:7, al.), Revelation 7:9.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this form, which is read in TR Joh. 4:52, Act. 7:28, Heb. 13:8, see s.v. ἐχθές, and to the ex. of χθές from the Κοινή given there, add PSI III. 1845 (A.D. 292) χθὲς περὶ ἕκτην ὥραν, P Oxy VI. 9015 (A.D. 336) ἑσπερινες ὥρες (l. ἑσπερίναις ὥραις) τῇ χθὲς ἡμέρᾳ, ";in the evening time of yesterday"; (Edd.), and Preisigke 60034 (A.D. 316). Other exx. in Preisigke Wörterb. s.v. ἐχθές.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φοίνικα φοίνικας φοινικες φοίνικες φοινίκι φοίνικι φοίνικος φοινικων φοινίκων φοίνιξ phoinikes phoínikes phoinikon phoinikōn phoiníkon phoiníkōn
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