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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5434 - φρύγανον

from a presumed derivative of phrugo (to roast or parch, akin to the base of (G5395))
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
  1. a dry stick, a twig
  2. all dry sticks, bush wood, fire wood, or similar material used as fuel
    1. of straw, stubble
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2738 ‑ חָרֻל (khaw‑rool', khaw‑rool');  7110 ‑ קֶצֶף (keh'‑tsef);  7179 ‑ קַשׁ (kash);  
Frequency Lists  
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KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


[], τό, (φρύγω)

dry stick; mostly in pl., firewood, Hdt. 4.62, Ar. Av. 642, Th. 3.111, X. An. 4.3.11, SIG 1027.13 (Cos, iv/iii B. C.), Acts 28:3; φρυγάνοις καὶ λίθοις περιφράξαντες Arist. HA 603a9: Com., Φρύγες ἐστὶ καινὸν δρᾶμα τοῦτ' Εὐριπίδου.. ᾧ καὶ Σωκράτης τὰ φρύγαν' ὑποτίθησι prob. in Telecl. 40: sg. only in collect. sense = τὰ φρύγανα, μαντικῶς τὸ φ. τίθεσθαι Ar. Pax 1026; τὸ φ. ἐπικαίουσι Plu. 2.553c.

II undershrub, opp. δένδρα, θάμνος, πόα, defined as τὸ ἀπὸ ῥίζης πολυστέλεχες καὶ πολύκλαδον, Thphr. HP 1.3.1.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φρύγανον , -ου , τό

(< φρύγω , to parch),

[in LXX chiefly for H7179, also for H2738, etc.;]

a dry stick: pl., brushwood: Acts 28:3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

χρή occurs in the NT only in Jas. 3:10 (but cf. Pro. 25:27, 4Ma. 8:26 A), where Hort (Comm. ad l.) notes that ";it is a somewhat vague word, apparently starting from the sense ‘there is need.’"; This is borne out by such exx. as the following—P Hib I. 64.19 (B.C. 264) χ ̣ρ ̣ὴ δὲ καὶ [γρά ]φειν μοι π ̣[ερ ]ι ̣, ὧν ἂν χρείαν ἔχ ̣η ̣ς, ";and you must write to me about anything which you require"; (Edd.), BGU III. 830.18 (i/A.D.) χρ ]ὴ οὖν ἑτοιμάσ [ε ]ιν (l. ἑτοιμάσαι) καὶ προαιρ [εῖν ], ἵν᾽ ἔχι (l. ἔχῃ) τοῦ π [ωλ ]εῖν, ";it is therefore necessary to prepare and bring forward, in order that he may be able to sell,"; P Flor III. 309.5 (iv/A.D.) οὐ χρὴ σ [ι ]ωπῇ παραδ ̣ίδοσθαι τὰ ὑπ᾽ αὐτῆς εἰρημένα, P Oxy I. 120.5 (iv/A.D.) χρὴ γάρ τινα ὁρῶντα αἱαυτὸν (l. ἑαυτὸν) ἐν δυστυχίᾳ κἂν ἀναχωρεῖν, ";when a man finds himself in adversity he ought to give way"; (Edd.), ib. VIII. 1163.5 (v/A.D.) ἐρωτηθὶς παρὰ τῆς αὐτοῦ μεγαλοπρεπίας ὅσα ἔχρην ἀνεδίδαξα α ̣υ ̣̓[τ ]ὸν ̣ περὶ τῆς ὑμετέρας μεγαλοπρεπίας, ";on the inquiry of his magnificence I told him what was fitting about your magnificence"; (Ed.). See also the Attic inscr. Preisigke 421.10 ( = LAE2, p. 367) χρή, τιμιώτατε, τὰς θεὰς (or θέας) κωμάζεσθαι, ";it is necessary, O most honourable, that the goddesses (or spectacles) be celebrated in festal procession.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φρύγανα φρύγανον φρυγανων φρυγάνων phruganon phruganōn phryganon phryganōn phrygánon phrygánōn
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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