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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5504 - χθές

Root Word (Etymology)
of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
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  1. yesterday
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8543 ‑ תְּמֹל (tem‑ole', tem‑ole');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
John 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 1
N95 (0)
CSB (3)
John 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 1
BSB (3)
John 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 1
ESV (2)
John 1
Acts 1
WEB (3)
John 1
Acts 1
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Adv. (lengthd. ἐχθές (q.v.); where the word occurs in NT, John 4:52, Acts 7:28, Hebrews 13:8, codd. vary betw. ἐχθές and χθές; χθές is not found in Ptolemaic papyri, but in PLond. 2.161.8 (iii A. D.)):

yesterday, h.Merc. 273, Th. 3.113, Pl. R. 327a, Smp. 174a, etc.: freq. placed between Art. and Subst., ἡ χ. ὁμολογία, οἱ χ. λόγοι, Pl. Sph. 216a, Ti. 26e; τῇ χ. ἡμέρᾳ Plu. 2.773e; χ. μὲν.., τὰ νῦν δὲ.. Pl. Ti. 17a: freq. πρώην τε καὶ χ., χ. καὶ πρώην, v. πρώην 11; χ. καὶ τρίτην ἡμέραν v.l. in X. Cyr. 6.3.11, cf. LXX Genesis 31:2. (Cf. Skt. hyás 'yesterday', Lat. heri, hesternus, OHG. gestaron 'yesterday', etc.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐχθές and (Rec., so Griesbach in Acts and Heb.) χθές (on which forms cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 323f; (especially Rutherford. New Phryn., p. 370f); Bleek, Br. an d. Hebrew ii. 2, p. 1000; (Tdf. Proleg., p. 81; Winers Grammar, pp. 24, 45; Buttmann, 72 (63))), adverb, yesterday: John 4:52; Acts 7:28; of time just past, Hebrews 13:8. (From Sophocles down.)

STRONGS NT 5504: χθές χθές (Rec.; also Griesbach in Acts and Heb.), equivalent to ἐχθές (which see), yesterday; the Sept. for תְּמול. (Homer (h. Merc.), others) χιλαρχος, χιλαρχου, (χίλιοι and ἄρχων; (on the form of the word cf. references under the word ἑκατοντάρχης, and Liddell and Scott, under the word χιλαρχης)), the commander of a thousand soldiers, a chiliarch; the commander of a Roman cohort (a military tribune): John 18:12; Acts 21:31-33, 37; Acts 22:24, 26-29; Acts 23:10, 15, 17-19, 22; Acts 24:7 Rec., ; (the Sept. for אֲלָפִים שַׂר and אֲלָפִים רֹאשׁ). Any military commander (R. V. high or chief captain, captain): Mark 6:21; Revelation 6:15; Revelation 19:18. ((Aeschylus, Xenophon, others.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(Rec. χθές ), adv.,

[in LXX for H8543, etc.;]

yesterday: John 4:52, Acts 7:28, Hebrews 13:8 (on the form, v. Rutherford, NPhr., 370 f.).†

χθές , see ἐχθές

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the late form ὠδίν (cf. Blass-Debrunner § 46. 4) = ";birth-pangs,"; as in 1Th. 5:3, cf. the sepulchral inscr. Preisigke 43124.4f. (Ptol.) θνήσκω δ᾽ ἄλγεσ [ι πικροτάτοις ὠδῖνας προ ̣φυγοῦσα συναίμου ̣[ς. . ., also Kaibel 145.4 (ii/A.D.)—

τοῦ με χάριν προφυγόντα πικρὰν ὠδῖνα τεκούσης

ἠγάγετε ἱμερτοῦ πρὸς φάος ἠελίου.

On the force of λύσας τὰς ὠδῖνας τοῦ θανάτου in Act. 2:24, see Field Notes, p. 112.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Εχθες εχθές Ἐχθὲς χθες χθές χθιζοί χθονός χίδρα χίδρων χιλιαρχίας Echthes Echthès
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