Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, July 25th, 2024
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5667 -

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AORIST

THE AORIST TENSE IS CHARACTERIZED BY ITS EMPHASIS ON PUNCTILIAR ACTION; THAT IS, THE CONCEPT OF THE VERB IS CONSIDERED WITHOUT REGARD FOR PAST, PRESENT, OR FUTURE TIME. THERE IS NO DIRECT OR CLEAR ENGLISH EQUIVALENT FOR THIS TENSE, THOUGH IT IS GENERALLY RENDERED AS A SIMPLE PAST TENSE IN MOST TRANSLATIONS.

THE EVENTS DESCRIBED BY THE AORIST TENSE ARE CLASSIFIED INTO A NUMBER OF CATEGORIES BY GRAMMARIANS. THE MOST COMMON OF THESE INCLUDE A VIEW OF THE ACTION AS HAVING BEGUN FROM A CERTAIN POINT ("INCEPTIVE AORIST"), OR HAVING ENDED AT A CERTAIN POINT ("CUMULATIVE AORIST"), OR MERELY EXISTING AT A CERTAIN POINT ("PUNCTILIAR AORIST"). THE CATEGORIZATION OF OTHER CASES CAN BE FOUND IN GREEK REFERENCE GRAMMARS.

THE ENGLISH READER NEED NOT CONCERN HIMSELF WITH MOST OF THESE FINER POINTS CONCERNING THE AORIST TENSE, SINCE IN MOST CASES THEY CANNOT BE RENDERED ACCURATELY IN ENGLISH TRANSLATION, BEING FINE POINTS OF GREEK EXEGESIS ONLY. THE COMMON PRACTICE OF RENDERING AN AORIST BY A SIMPLE ENGLISH PAST TENSE SHOULD SUFFICE IN MOST CASES.

The American Standard Version
did not use
this Strong's Number
ACTIVE

THE ACTIVE VOICE REPRESENTS THE SUBJECT AS THE DOER OR PERFORMER OF THE ACTION. E.G., IN THE SENTENCE, "THE BOY HIT THE BALL," THE BOY PERFORMS THE ACTION.

The Berean Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
The Christian Standard Bible®
did not use
this Strong's Number
The English Standard Version
did not use
this Strong's Number
SUBJUNCTIVE

THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD IS THE MOOD OF POSSIBILITY AND POTENTIALITY. THE ACTION DESCRIBED MAY OR MAY NOT OCCUR, DEPENDING UPON CIRCUMSTANCES. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES OF THE THIRD CLASS ("EAN" + THE SUBJUNCTIVE) ARE ALL OF THIS TYPE, AS WELL AS MANY COMMANDS FOLLOWING CONDITIONAL PURPOSE CLAUSES, SUCH AS THOSE BEGINNING WITH "HINA."

The King James Version
did not use
this Strong's Number
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
The Legacy Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
The New American Standard Bible (1995)
did not use
this Strong's Number
The New American Standard Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
The New Living Translation
did not use
this Strong's Number
The World English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
The Young's Literal Translation
did not use
this Strong's Number
List of Word Forms
 
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