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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #575 - ἀπό

Transliteration
apó
Phonetics
apo'
Origin
a primary particle
Parts of Speech
preposition
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. of separation
    1. of local separation, after verbs of motion from a place i.e. of departing, of fleeing, ...
    2. of separation of a part from the whole
      1. where of a whole some part is taken
    3. of any kind of separation of one thing from another by which the union or fellowship of the two is destroyed
    4. of a state of separation, that is of distance
      1. physical, of distance of place
      2. temporal, of distance of time
  2. of origin
    1. of the place whence anything is, comes, befalls, is taken
    2. of origin of a cause
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8537 ‑ תֹּם (tome);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (661)
Matthew
115
Mark
50
Luke
123
John
41
Acts
111
Romans
25
1 Corinthians
10
2 Corinthians
18
Galatians
8
Ephesians
5
Philippians
5
Colossians
10
1 Thessalonians
12
2 Thessalonians
10
1 Timothy
5
2 Timothy
8
Titus
3
Philemon
2
Hebrews
24
James
6
1 Peter
4
2 Peter
2
1 John
18
2 John
2
3 John
1
Jude
2
Revelation
41
NAS (39)
Matthew
3
Mark
2
Luke
10
John
4
Acts
8
Romans
1
2 Corinthians
1
Colossians
2
2 Thessalonians
1
2 Timothy
1
Hebrews
2
1 John
2
Revelation
2
HCS (581)
Matthew
107
Mark
36
Luke
111
John
41
Acts
96
Romans
23
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
16
Galatians
8
Ephesians
4
Philippians
3
Colossians
7
1 Thessalonians
9
2 Thessalonians
8
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
6
Titus
2
Philemon
1
Hebrews
22
James
6
1 Peter
5
2 Peter
3
1 John
18
2 John
2
3 John
1
Jude
2
Revelation
34
BSB (646)
Matthew
115
Mark
47
Luke
125
John
42
Acts
114
Romans
24
1 Corinthians
9
2 Corinthians
17
Galatians
8
Ephesians
4
Philippians
4
Colossians
9
1 Thessalonians
9
2 Thessalonians
9
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
7
Titus
2
Philemon
1
Hebrews
23
James
6
1 Peter
5
2 Peter
3
1 John
19
2 John
2
3 John
1
Jude
2
Revelation
36
ESV (567)
Matthew
100
Mark
37
Luke
108
John
38
Acts
96
Romans
22
1 Corinthians
9
2 Corinthians
14
Galatians
6
Ephesians
4
Philippians
3
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
10
2 Thessalonians
8
1 Timothy
3
2 Timothy
7
Titus
2
Hebrews
23
James
6
1 Peter
4
2 Peter
3
1 John
18
Revelation
38
WEB (652)
Matthew
114
Mark
53
Luke
126
John
40
Acts
107
Romans
25
1 Corinthians
9
2 Corinthians
18
Galatians
8
Ephesians
4
Philippians
4
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
11
2 Thessalonians
9
1 Timothy
4
2 Timothy
7
Titus
2
Philemon
1
Hebrews
24
James
6
1 Peter
6
2 Peter
2
1 John
17
2 John
2
3 John
1
Jude
2
Revelation
42
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀπό,

Aeol., Thess., Arc., Cypr. ἀπύ Sapph. 44, cf. 78, Alc. 33, Theoc. 28.16, IG 12(2).6.45 (Mytil.), ἀπυδόμεναι ib.9(2).594 (Larissa), 5(2).6 (Tegea), etc.: Pr usually with Gen. but v. infr. B. (Cf. Skt. ápa, Lat. ab, Umbr. ap-ehtre 'ab extra', Goth. af, O E. af, cef, of, etc.) Orig. sense, from. [ ᾰπο: where ἀπο is found in before v or liquids (as ἀπὸ ἕθεν Il. 6.62, ἀπὸ νευρῆς 11.664, Hes. Sc. 409) ἀπαί was sometimes written in later texts, cf. Eust. 625.11: — ᾱ metri gr. in compds., such as ἀπονέεσθαι.]

I OF PLACE, the earliest, and in Hom. the prevailing sense:

1 of Motion, from, away from, ἐσσεύοντο νεῶν ἄπο καὶ κλισιάων Il. 2.208; pleonastic, ἀ. Τροίηθεν ib. 24.492; ἀπ' οὐρανόθεν 8.365 (later with Advbs., ἀπὸ ἔμπροσθεν LXX Ecclesiastes 1:10, etc.); strengthd., ἐκτὸς ἀ. κλισιης Il. 10.151; also ἀπ' αἰῶνος νέος ὤλεο, implying departure from life, ib. 24.725; opp. ἐξ, of relatively superficial motion, λαμβάνομεν οὔτε ἐκ τῆς γῆς οὐδέν, οὔτ' ἀπὸ τῶν οἰκιῶν X. Mem. 2.7.2; similarly of the cause or ground, ἐξ ὧν προηγώνισθε καὶ ἀφ' ὧν εἰκάζω Th. 4.126: freq. of warriors fighting from chariots, etc., οἱ μὲν ἀφ' ἵππων, οἱ δ' ἀ. νηῶν.. μάχοντο Il. 15.386; ἀφ' ἵππων μάρνασθαι Od. 9.49; so ἡ μάχη ἦν ἀφ' ἵππων Hdt. 1.79; λαμπὰς ἔσται ἀφ' ἵππων on horse back, Pl. R. 328a; ἀφ' ἵππου θηρεύειν X. An. 1.2.7; ἀ. νεῶν πεζομαχεῖν Th. 7.62; ἐν ταῖς ναυσὶν αἰρόμενος τοὺς ἱστοὺς ἀ. τούτων ἐσκοπεῖτο X. HG 6.2.29; ὀμμάτων ἄπο.. κατέσταζον γένυν, of tears, E. Hec. 240: joined with ἐκ, ἐκ Κορίνθου ἀ. τοῦ στρατοπέδου Pl. Tht. 142a.

2. of Position, away from, far from, μένων ἀ. ἧς ἀλόχοιο Il. 2.292 (cf. ἀπ' ἀνδρὸς εἶναι to live apart from a man or husband, Plu. CG 4); κεκρυμμένος ἀπ' ἄλλων Od. 23.110; μοῦνος ἀπ' ἄλλων h.Merc. 193; ἀπ' ὀφθαλμῶν, ἀπ' οὔατος, far from sight or hearing, Il. 23.53, 18.272, cf. 22.454; ἀ. θαλάσσης ᾠκίσθησαν Th. 1.7, cf. 46; αὐλίζεσθαι ἀ. τῶν ὅπλων Id. 6.64; ἀπ' οἴκου εἶναι Id. 1.99; σπεύδειν ἀ. ῥυτῆρος far from, i.e. without using the rein, S. OC 900; in Hom. freq. strengthd., τῆλε ἀ..., νόσφιν ἀ..., Il. 23.880, 5.322; in measurement of distances, ὅσον ιέ στάδια ἀ. Φυλῆς X. HG 2.4.4, etc.; but later the numeral follows ., πηγὰς ἔχων ἀ. μ σταδίων τῆς θαλάσσης D.S. 4.56; ἀ. σταδίων κ τῆς πόλεως Plu. Ph 4; κατεστρατοπέδευσεν ἀ. ν σταδίων fifty stades away, Id. Oth. 11, cf. D.Chr. 17.17.

3. of the mind, ἀ. θυμοῦ away from, i. e. alien from, my heart, Il. 1.562; ἀ. δόξης 10.324; οὐ.. ἀ. σκοποῦ οὐδ' ἀ. δόξης Od. 11.344; ἀ. τοῦ ἀνθρωπείου τρόπου Th. 1.76; οὐδὲν ἀ. τρόπου not without reason, Pl. R. 470b; οὐκ ἀ. σκοποῦ, καιροῦ, Id. Tht. 179c, 187e; οὐκ ἀ. γνώμης S. Tr. 389; οὐκ ἀ. τοῦ πράγματος D. 24.6; μάλα πολλὸν ἀπ' ἐλπίδος ἔπλετο A.R. 2.863.

4. in pregnant sense, with Verbs of rest, previous motion being implied (cf. ἐκ), ἀνὰ δ' ἐβόασεν.. ἀ. πέτρας σταθείς E. Tr. 523; .τῆς ἐμῆς κεφαλῆς τὴν [ἐκείνου] κεφαλὴν ἀναδήσω, i. e. taking the chaplet off my head, and placing it on his, Pl. Smp. 212e: with Verbs of hanging, where ἐκ is more common, ἁψαμένη βρόχον ἀ. μελάθρου Od. 11.278.

5. with the Article, where the sense of motion often disappears, οἱ ἀ. τῶν οἰκιῶν φεύγουσιν, i.e. οἱ ἐν ταῖς οἰκίαις φεύγουσιν ἀπ' αὐτῶν, X. Cyr. 7.5.23; οἱ ἀ. τῶν πύργων.. ἐπαρήξουσι ib. 6.4.18; αἴρειν τὰ ἀ. τῆς γῆς Pl. Cra. 410b; αἱ ἵπποι αἱ ἀ. τοῦ ἅρματος v.l. in Hdt. 4.8; ὁ Ἀθηναῖος ὁ ἀ. τοῦ στρατεύματος X. An. 7.2.19; τὸν ἀ. γραμμᾶς κινεῖ λίθον Theoc. 6.18.

6. partitive, λαχὼν ἀ. ληΐδος αἶσαν part taken from the booty, a share of it, Od. 5.40; αἴρεσθαι ἀ. τῶν καλπίδων Ar. Lys. 539; ἀ. ἑκατὸν καὶ εἴκοσι παίδων εἷς μοῦνος Hdt. 6.27; ὀλίγοι ἀ. πολλῶν Th. 7.87, cf. A. Pers. 1023.

7. Math., of figures described upon a base, κῶνον ἀναγράφειν ἀ. κύκλου Archim. Sph.Cyl. 1.19, etc.; τὸ ἀ. τῆς AB τετράγωνον the square on AB, Euc. 1.47, cf. 48; εἴδεα ἀ... Archim. Spir. 10, 11.

8. ἀ. ἀνθρώπου ἕως γυναικός man and woman, LXX 1 Esdras 9:40; ἀ. ἀρσενικοῦ ἕως θηλυκοῦ ib. Numbers 5:3.

9. from being, instead of, ἀθανάταν ἀ. θνατᾶς.. ἐποίησας Βερενίκαν Theoc. 15.106.

10. privative, free from, without, ἀ. πάσης ἀκαθαρσίας PLips. 16.19 (ii A. D.); ἀ. ζημίας PTeb 420.4 (iii A. D.).

II OF TIME, from, after, Hom. only in Il. 8.54 ἀ. δείπνου θωρήσσοντο rising up from, i.e. after, cf. Hdt. 1.133; ἀ. δείπνου εἶναι or γενέσθαι, Id. 1.126, 2.78, 5.18, al.; ἀ. τοῦ σιτίου πίνειν Hp. Salubr. 5; ἀ. τῶν σίτων διαπονεῖσθαι X. Lac. 5.8; in narrative, τὸ ἀ. τούτου or το̄δε, from this point onwards, Hdt. 1.4, 2.99; ἀ. τούτου τοῦ χρόνου Id. 1.82, X. An. 7.5.8; τὸ ἀπ' ἐκείνου Luc. Tox. 25; ἡμέρῃ δεκάτῃ ἀφ' ἧς.. Hdt. 3.14, etc.; δευτέρῃ ἡμέρῃ ἀ. τῆς ἐμπρήσιος Id. 8.55, cf. X. An. 1.7.18, etc.; ἀφ' οὗ χρόνου Id. Cyr. 1.2.13; more often ἀπ' or ἀφ' οὗ, Hdt. 2.44, Th. 1.18, etc.; ἀφ' οὗπερ A. Pers. 177; ἀφ' ἧς Plu. Pel. 15; εὐθὺς ἀ. παλαιοῦ, ἀ. τοῦ πάνυ ἀρχαίου, of olden time, Th. 1.2, 2.15; ἀπ' ἀρχᾶς Pi. P. 8.25, etc.; ἀ. γενεᾶς X. Cyr. 1.2.8; ἀφ' ἑσπέρας from the beginning of evening, i.e. at eventide, Th. 7.29; ἀ. πρώτου ὕπνου ib. 43; ἀ. μέσων νυκτῶν Ar. V. 218; ἀπ' ἀγροῦ fresh from field-work, Mark 15:21; cf. Mark 7:4; ἀ. νουμηνίας X. An. 5.6.23; χρονίζειν ἀ. τοῦ καιροῦ tarry beyond the time, LXX 2 Samuel 20:5; ἀ. τέλους ἐννέα μηνῶν at the end of.., ib. 24.8; γενόμενος ἀ. τῆς ἀρχῆς Plu. Caes. 5: hence ἀ. ἀγωνοθετῶν an εχ-ἀγωνοθέτης, IG 3.398; ἀ. λογιστῶν POxy. 1103.3 (iv A. D.); οἱ ἀ. ὑπατείας, = consulares, Hdn. 7.1.9, etc.; but ἀ. τινος the freedman of.., IG 5(2).50.59(Tegea, ii A. D.), cf.ib.5(1).1391 (Andania), 1473.

III OF ORIGIN, CAUSE, etc.:

1 of that from which one is born, οὐ γὰρ ἀ. δρυός ἐσσι οὐδ' ἀ. πέτρης not sprung from oak or rock, Od. 19.163; γίγνονται δ' ἄρα ταί γ' ἔκ τε κρηνέων ἀ. τ' ἀλσέων 10.350, cf. S. OT 415, OC 571, etc.: sts. ἀπό denotes remote, and ἐκ immediate, descent, τοὺς μὲν ἀ. θεῶν, τοὺς δ' ἐξ αὐτῶν τῶν θεῶν γεγονότας Isoc. 12.81, cf. Hdt. 7.150; πέμπτη ἀπ' αὐτοῦ γέννα A. Pr. 853; τρίτος ἀ. Διός third in descent from Zeus, Pl. R. 391c; οἱ ἀ. γένους τινός his descendants, Plu. Them. 32; Περσέως ἀφ' αἵματος E. Alc. 509: of the place one springs from, ἵπποι.. ποταμοῦ ἄπο Σελλήεντος Il. 2.839. cf. 849; Ἡρακλεῖδαι οἱ ἀ. Σπάρτης Hdt. 8.114, cf. Th. 1.89, etc.; τοὺς ἀ. Φρυγίας X. Cyr. 2.1.5, etc.:hence, metaph. of things, Χαρίτων ἄπο κάλλος ἔχουσαι Od. 6.18; θεῶν ἄπο μήδεα εἰδώς ib. 12; γάλα ἀ. βοός A. Pers. 611; μῆνις ἀφ' ἡμῶν Id. Eu. 314; ἡ ἀφ' ὑμῶν τιμωρία Th. 1.69; ὁ ἀ. τῶν πολεμίων φόβος fear inspired by the enemy, X. Cyr. 3.3.53. of persons, οἱ ἀ. τῆς χώρας, τῆς πόλεως, country folk, towns folk, Plb. 2.6.8, 5.70.8; and so of connexion with the founder or leader of a sect, οἱ ἀ. Πυθαγόρου Luc. Herm. 14; οἱ ἀ. Πλάτωνος Plu. Brut. 2; οἱ ἀ. τοῦ περιπάτου, ἀ. τῆς Στοᾶς, etc., Luc. Cont. 6; generally οἱ ἀ. φιλοσοφίας καὶ λόγων philosophers and learned men, ibid.; οἱ ἀ. σκηνῆς καὶ θεάτρου stage players, Plu. Sull. 2; οἱ ἀ. τῆς βουλῆς Id. Caes. 10, etc.; ὁ ἀφ' ἑστίας παῖς, v. ἑστία; ἀπ' ἐξωμίδος with only an ἐξωμίς, S.E. P. 1.153.

2. of the material from or of which a thing is made, εἵματα ἀ. ξύλου πεποιημένα Hdt. 7.65; ἀπ' ὄμφακος τεύχειν οἶνον A. Ag. 970, cf. S. Tr. 704; ὅσσα ἀ. γλυκερῶ μέλιτος Theoc. 15.117; ἔνδυμα ἀ. τριχῶν καμήλου Matthew 3:4 : hence στέφανος ἀ. ταλάντων ἑξήκοντα of or weighing 60 talents, Decr. ap. D. 18.92, cf. Plb. 24.1.7, IG 2.555.10, al.: hence of value, θύεν αἶγα ἀ. δραχμᾶν εἴκοσι GDI 3707 (Cos); κρᾶσις ἀ. τε τῆς ἡδονῆς συγκεκραμένη καὶ ἀ. τῆς λύπης Pl. Phd. 59a; so, by an extension of this use, εἰδεχθής τις ἀ. τοῦ προσώπου ugly of countenance, Thphr. Char. 28.4; θῆλυν ἀ. χροιῆς Theoc. 16.49; σεμνὸς ἀ. τοῦ σχήματος Luc. DMort. 10.8.

3. of the instrument from or by which a thing is done, τοὺς.. πέφνεν ἀπ' ἀργυρέοιο βιοῖο by arrow shot from silver bow, Il. 24.605; τόξου ἄπο κρατεροῦ ὀλέκοντα φάλαγγας 8.279; ἐμῆς ἀπὸ χειρός 10.371, 11.675; so ἀ. χειρὸς ἐργάζεσθαι μεγάλα Luc. Hist.Conscr. 29; γυμνάζεσθαι ἀ. σκελῶν, χειρῶν, τραχήλου, X. Lac. 5.9; μάχεσθαι ἀ. ἄκοντος Str. 17.3.7; ἡ ἀ. τοῦ ξίφους μάχη D.S. 5.29; βάπτειν τὸν δάκτυλον ἀ. τοῦ αἵματος LXX Leviticus 4:7.

4. of the person from whom an act comes, i.e. by whom it is done, οὐδὲν μέγα ἔργον ἀπ' αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο Hdt. 1.14; ζήτησιν ἀ. σφέων γενέσθαι Id. 2.54; ἐπράχθη οὐδὲν ἀπ' αὐτῶν ἔργον ἀξιόλογον Th. 1.17, cf. 6.61; ἀ. τινος ὄνασθαι Pl. R. 528a, etc.; so τἀπ' ἐμοῦ, τἀπὸ σοῦ, E. Tr. 74, S. OC 1628; τὰ ἀ. τῶν Ἀθηναίων Th. 1.127; in later Greek freq. of the direct agent, Plb. 1.34.8, Str. 5.4.12, D.H. 9.12, Luke 9:22, J. AJ 20.8.10, etc.; in codd. this may sts. be due to confusion with ὑπό, but cf. PMag.Par. 1.256, BGU 1185.26 (Aug.), SIG 820.8(Ephesus, i A. D.), etc.

5. of the source from which life, power, etc., are sustained, ζῆν ἀπ' ὕλης ἀγρίης Hdt. 1.203; ἀ. κτήνεων καὶ ἰχθύων ib. 216; ἀ. πολέμου Id. 5.6; ἀπ' ἐλαχίστων χρημάτων X. Mem. 1.2.14; ἀ. τῆς ἀγορᾶς Id. An. 6.1.1; τρέφειν τὸ ναυτικὸν ἀ. τῶν νήσων Id. HG 4.8.9, cf. Th. 1.99; ἀ. τῶν κοινῶν πλουτεῖν Ar. Pl. 569, cf. D. 24.124; ἀ. μικρῶν εὔνους.. γεγένησαι Ar. Eq. 788, cf. D. 18.102; ἀφ' ὥρας ἐργάζεσθαι quaestum corpore facere, Plu. Tim. 14.

6. of the cause, means, or occasion from, by, or because of which a thing is done, ἀ. τούτου κριοπρόσωπον τὤγαλμα τοῦ Διὸς ποιεῦσι Hdt. 2.42; ἀ. τινος ἐπαινεῖσθαι, θαυμάζεσθαι, ὠφελεῖσθαι, Th. 2.25, 6.12, X. Cyr. 1.1.2; ἀ. τῶν ξυμφορῶν διαβάλλεσθαι Th. 5.17; τὴν ἐπωνυμίαν ἔχειν ἀ. τινος Id. 1.46; ἀ. λῃστείας τὸν βίον ἔχειν X. An. 7.7.9; ἀπ' αὐτῶν τῶν ἔργων κρίνειν D. 2.27; ἀ. τοῦ πάθους in consequence of.., Th. 4.30; βλάπτειν τινὰ ἀ. τινος Id. 7.29; κατασκευάσαντα τὸ πλοῖον ἀφ' ὧν ὑπελάμβανε σωθήσεσθαι D. 18.194; τρόπαιον ἀ. τινος εἱστήκει on occasion of his defeat, Id. 19.320; τλήμων οὖσ' ἀπ' εὐτόλμου φρενός A. Ag. 1302, cf. 1643; ἀ. δικαιοσύνης by reason of it (v. l. for ὑπό), Hdt. 7.164; ἀ. τῶν αὐτῶν λημμάτων on the same scale of profits, D. 3.34, etc.; for ὅσον ἀ. βοῆς ἕνεκα, v. ἕνεκα: hence in half adverbial usages, ἀ. σπουδῆς in earnest, eagerly, Il. 7.359; ἀ. τοῦἴσου, ἀ. τῆς ἴσης, or ἀπ' ἴσης, equally, Th. 1.99, 15, D. 14.6, etc.; ἀπ' ὀρθῆς καὶ δικαίας τῆς ψυχῆς Id. 18.298; ἀ. ἀντιπάλου παρασκευῆς Th. 1.91; ἀ. τοῦ προφανοῦς openly, ib. 35; ἀ. τοῦ εὐθέος straightforwardly, Id. 3.43; ἀ. τοῦ αὐτομάτου of free-will, Pl. Prt. 323c; ἀ. γλώσσης by word of mouth, Hdt. 1.123 (but also, from hearsay, A. Ag. 813); ἀ. στόματος Pl. Tht. 142d; ἀπ' ὄψεως at sight, Lys. 16.19; ἀ. χειρὸς λογίζεσθαι on your fingers, Ar. V. 656; πεύθομαι δ' ἀπ' ὀμμάτων νόστον A. Ag. 988; ὀμμάτων ἄπο in the public gaze, E. Med. 216; ἀ. τοῦ κυάμου ἄρχοντας καθίστασθαι X. Mem. 1.2.9; ἡ βουλὴ ἡ ἀ. τοῦ κυάμου Th. 8.66, cf. IG 1.9; τοὺς ἀ. τοῦ κυάμου δισχιλίους ἄνδρας Arist. Ath. 24.3; τριηράρχους αἱρεῖσθαι ἀ. τῆς οὐσίας Decr. ap. D. 18.106; ἀφ' ἑαυτοῦ from oneself, on one's own account, Th. 8.6, etc.; ἀφ' ἑαυτοῦ γνώμης Id. 4.68; ἀ. συνθήματος, ἀ. παραγγέλματος, by agreement, by word of command, Hdt. 5.74, Th. 8.99; ἀ. σάλπιγγος by sound of trumpet, X. Eq.Mag. 3.12 (s.v.l.); ἐπίτροπος ἀ. τῶν λόγων, = Lat. procurator a rationibus, Ann.Epigr.. 1913.143a (Ephesus, ii A. D.).

7.

1. of the object spoken of, τὰ ἀ. τῆς νήσου οἰκότα ἐστί the things told from or of the island.., Hdt. 4.195, cf. 54, 7.195; νόμος κείμενος ἀ. τῶν τεχνῶν Ar. Ra. 762. in Arc., Cypr., ἀπύ takes dat., ἀπὺ τᾷ [ἁμέρᾳ ] IG 5(2).6 (Tegea); ἀπὺ τᾷ ζᾷ Inscr.Cypr. 135.8 H. (Idalion).

2. in later Greek ἀπό is found c. acc., PLond. 1.124.30 (iv/v A. D.). in Hom. frequent with Verbs in tmesi, as Il. 5.214, etc., and sts. in Prose, as Hdt. 8.89.

IN COMPO S.: 1 asunder, as ἀποκόπτω, ἀπολύω, ἀποτέμνω: and hence, away, off,

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπό

(on the freq. neglect of elision bef, vowels, v. Tdf., Pr., 94, WH, App., 146), prep. c. gen. (WM, 462 ff.; on its relation to ἐκ , παρά , ὑπό , ib. 456 f.),

[in LXX for H8537, בְּ , לְ ;]

from (i.e. from the exterior).

1. Of separation and cessation;

(1) of motion from a place; Matthew 5:29-30; Matthew 7:23, Luke 5:2; Luke 22:41, al.;

(2) in partitive sense (M, Pr., 72, 102, 245; MM, s.v.; EL, § 40, 2), Matthew 9:16; Matthew 27:21, John 21:10, Acts 5:2, al.; also after verbs of eating, etc.;

(3) of alienation (cl. gen. of separation), after such verbs as λούω (Deiss., BS, 227), λύω , σώζω , παύω , etc.; ἀνάθεμα ἀ ., Romans 9:3; ἀποθνήσκειν ἀ ., Colossians 2:20; σαλευθῆναι , 2 Thessalonians 2:2, καθαρός , -ίζειν , . (Deiss., BS, 196, 216), Acts 20:26, 2 Corinthians 7:1, Hebrews 9:14;

(4) of position, Matthew 23:34; Matthew 24:31, al.; after μακράν , Matthew 8:30; transposed before measures of distance, John 10:18; John 21:8, Revelation 14:20 (Abbott, JG, 227);

(5) of time, ἀπό τ . ὥρας , ἡμέρας , etc., Matthew 9:22, John 19:27, Acts 20:18, Philippians 1:5, al.; ἀπ᾽ αἰῶνος , Luke 1:70, al.; ἀπ᾽ ἀρχῆς , etc., Matthew 19:4, Romans 1:20; ἀπό βρέφους , 2 Timothy 3:15; ἀφ᾽ ἧς , since, Luke 7:45, al.; ἀπὸ τ . νῦν , Luke 1:48, al.; ἀπὸ τότε Matthew 4:17, al.; ἀπὸ πέρυσι , a year ago, 2 Corinthians 8:10; 2 Corinthians 9:2; ἀπὸ πρωΐ , Acts 28:23;

(6) of order or rank, ἀπὸ διετοῦς , Matthew 2:16; ἀπὸ Ἀβραάμ , Matthew 1:17; ἕβδομος ἀπὸ Ἀδάμ , Judges 1:14; ἀπὸ μικροῦ ἕως μεγάλου , Acts 8:10, Hebrews 8:11; ἄρχεσθαι ἀπό , Matthew 20:8, John 8:9, Acts 8:35, al.

2. Of origin;

(1) of birth, extraction, and hence, in late writers,

(a) of local extraction (cl. ἐξ ; Abbott, JG, 227 ff.), Matthew 21:11, Mark 15:43, John 1:45, Acts 10:38, al.; οἱ ἀπὸ Ἰταλίας (WM, § 66, 6; M, Pr., 237; Westc., Rendall, in l), Hebrews 13:24;

(b) of membership in a community or society (El., § 40, 2), Acts 12:1, al.;

(c) of material (= cl. gen.; Bl. l.c.; M, Pr., 102), Matthew 3:4; Matthew 27:21;

(d) after verbs of asking, seeking, etc., Luke 11:50-51, 1 Thessalonians 2:6 (Milligan, in l);

(2) of the cause, instrument, means or occasion (freq. = ὑπό , παρά , and after verbs of learning, hearing, knowing, etc.; Bl., § 40, 3), Matthew 7:16; Matthew 11:29, Luke 22:45, Acts 2:22; Acts 4:36; Acts 9:13; Acts 12:14, 1 Corinthians 11:23, Galatians 3:2, al.; ἀπὸ τ . ὄχλου , Luke 19:3 (cf. John 21:6, Acts 22:11); ἀπὸ τ . φόβου , Matthew 14:26, al. (cf. Matthew 10:28; Matthew 13:44).

3. Noteworthy Hellenistic phrases: φοβεῖσθαι ἀπὸ (M, Pr., 102, 107); προσέχειν ἀπό (M, Proverbs 11:1-31. c.; Milligan, NTD, 50); ἀπὸ νότου (Heb.מִנֶּגֶב ), Revelation 21:13; ἀπὸ προσώπου (מִפְּנֵי ), 2 Thessalonians 1:9 (B1., § 40, 9); ἀπὸ τ . καρδιῶν (בְּלֵב ), Matthew 18:35; ἀπὸ ὁ ὤν (WM, § 10, 2; M, Proverbs 9:1-18), Revelation 1:4.

4. In composition, ἀπό denotes separation, departure, origin, etc. (ἀπολύω , ἀπέρχομαι , ἀπογράφω ); it also has a perfective force (M, Pr., 112, 247), as in ἀφικνεῖσθαι , ἀπολούεσθαι , q.v.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In this and the other prepositions of very wide and general use we have not pretended to any fullness : they would afford abundant material for a fair-sized treatise. We only notice such special uses as we have remarked in our reading, and have therefore passed over most of the common and obvious uses. On ἀπό there are some illustrations in Proleg. which may be recalled with some additions. There is the partitive use (pp. 102, 245), still current in MGr : so P Petr III. 11.20 (B.C. 234) ἀφείσθ [ω ] ἀπὸ τῶν ὑπαρχόντων μοι [σ ]ω ̣μάτω ̣ν [ἐλ ]εύθερα Δ. καὶ ᾽Α ib. II. 11 (I).5 (= Selections p. 7) (iii/B.C.) ἀπὸ τούτου τὸ μὲν ἥμυσυ. . . τὸ δὲ λοιπόν κτλ. P Tebt II. 299.13 (c. A.D. 50) ἀπολυσίμ [ο ]υ ἀπὸ ἀνδ [ρῶν πεντή ]κοντα ";one of the 50 exempted persons"; (Edd.), P Iand 8.6 (ii/A.D.) διεπεμψάμην σοι. . [πὸ τοῦ ο ]ἴνου Κνίδια τρία, etc. To Kuhring’s scanty exx. (p. 37) for ἀπό of agent (cf. Proleg. pp. 102, 246) add Syll 655.8 (A.D. 83) συντετηρημένα ἀπὸ βασιλέων καὶ Σεβαστῶν, P Lond 1173.12 (A.D. 125) (= III. p. 208) ἕως πεισθῇς ἀπ᾽ αὐτοῦ, P Flor II. 150.6 (A.D. 267) . τῶν μυῶν κατεσθιόμενα, BGU IV. 1185.26 (Augustus or earlier) μηδὲ κατακαλεῖσθαι ἀπὸ μηδεν (ός). It is universal in MGr, but its very limited use in papyri and NT suggests that in the Hellenistic period it had only local currency. Various uses under the general heading of source are collected in Kuhring p. 35 f. : add the remarkable BGU IV. 1079.25 (A.D. 41) (= Selections p. 40) ὡς ἂν πάντες καὶ σὺ βλέπε σατὸν ἀπὸ τῶν Ἰουδαίων ";like everybody else, you too must beware of the Jews."; The familiar NT idiom (Mark 8:15 al) may be translation Greek still, but it is evidently possible enough in vernacular untouched by Semitic influence. Kuhring’s instances cover the categories of cause, authorship, receipt, inheritance, but not instrument : there are numerous exx. of καθαρὸς ἀπό and the like (once regarded as Semitism!). Sometimes the καθαρός is dropped, and ἀπό is practically = ἄνευ : see Kuhring p. 53 f., and add P Lips I. 16.19 (A.D. 138) πα [ρ ]αδ [ώσω σο ]ι σὺν ταῖς ἐφαιστώσαις θ [ύραις ] κ [αὶ ] κλεισὶ καὶ ἀπὸ πάσης ἀκαθαρσίας : on P Fay 345 the edd. note ";cf. CPR 38.21, BGU I. 39.21, etc., where these phrases occur without καθαρός."; Not that καθαρός is really to be supplied : the privative ἀπό, as Kuhring calls it, is quite naturally developed, Cf. P Tebt II. 420.4 (iii/A.D.) ἀπὸ ζημίας ";blameless."; In P Oxy VIII. 1103.3 (A.D. 360) a certain Eutrygius is called ἀπὸ λογιστῶν ";ex-logistes"; : Prof. Hunt notes ";On the titular use of ex and ἀπό see Mommsen Ephem. Epigr. v. p. 128–9, and cf. e.g. 133.4 ἀπὸ ὑπάτων [A.D. 550], 893.2 ἀπὸ μειζόνων [vi/vii A.D.], P [Lond] 233.5 [= II. p. 273—A.D. 345] ἀπὸ ἐπάρχων, P Flor I. 71 passim [iv/A.D.]."; On its relations with ἐκ, παρά and ὑπό see Proleg. p. 237 : add Preisigke 997 and 998, two προσκυνήματα from the same place, dated respectively A.D. 4 and A.D. 16–7, with ὑπὸ χειμῶνος ἐλασθείς in the first and ἀπὸ χιμῶνος ἐλασθείς in the other. We may further note the idiomatic use of ἀπό in Mark 7:4 ἀπ᾽ ἀγορᾶς, 15.21 ἀπ᾽ ἀγροῦ, ";fresh from market,"; ";from field-work,"; which is well illustrated by such phraseology as that in Syll 567 (ii/A.D.), a tariff prescribing the number of days of ceremonial impurity following certain acts, described as τὰ ἐκτός : thus ἀπὸ τυροῦ ἡμέ (ρας) α ̄, ἀπὸ φθορείων ἡμε (ρῶν) μ ̄, ἀπὸ κήδους [οἰκ ]είου ἡμε (ρῶν) μ ̄, ἀπὸ συνουσίας νομίμου they may enter the shrine the same day after washing and anointing. Cf. Deissmann BS p. 227. Among phrases with ἀπό we may note one in P Ryl II. 157.21 (A.D. 135) εἰ χρεία γείνοιτο [ποτίσαι ἐ ]ν ̣ ἀναβάσει [q.v.] ἀπὸ ποδὸς τὴν αὐτὴν νοτίνην μερίδα, ";if need arises at the inundation to water the same southern portion by foot."; It seems clear that this refers to the same method of irrigation which appears in Deuteronomy 11:10 (LXX ὅταν σπείρωσιν τὸν σπόρον καὶ ποτίζωσιν τοῖς ποσὶν αὐτῶν ὡσεὶ κῆπον λαχανίας) : see Driver in loc. The editors in their note cite a papyrus with ἀπὸ ποδὸς ποτισ [μ ]οῦ. In ἁλιεῖς ἀπὸ ποδός (BGU I. 220, 221, III. 756) the sense is different, perhaps ";from the bank"; (lit. ";on foot";). In P Rein 18.41 (B.C. 108) we note μέχρι [ἂν ἀπὸ ] τοῦ σπόρου γένηται ";until he has finished his sowing."; For ἀπό denoting matter or material, as Matthew 3:4, cf. Priene 117.72 (i/B.C.) στεφανῶσα [ι. . . στεφ ]άνῳ χρυσέωι ἀπὸ χρυσοῦ. The phrase ἀπὸ μέρους may be provisionally illustrated by P Ryl II. 133.17 (A.D. 33) αὐθάδως κατέσπασεν ἀπὸ μέρους ";ventured to pull it partly down"; : see further under μέρος. On ἀπ᾽ αἰῶνο ̣ς we gave some parallels under αἰών : add Preisigke 176.4 (A.D. 161–80) πρώτου τῶν ἀπ᾽ αἰῶνος. Ἀπὸ τοῦ νῦν is illustrated by Deissmann BS p. 253, and ἀπὸ τοῦ βελτίστου ib. 93 : add P Tebt I. 5.89 (B.C. 118), II. 282.8 (late ii/B.C.), P Fay 12.6 (B.C. 103), See further Proleg. p. 9 for Revelation 1:4, on which more may be said under εἰμί. Rossberg’s dissertation systematically illustrates papyrus usages of ἀπό, as far as its date (1908) allows : it ought perhaps to be observed that the extracts are not always correctly transcribed. There is an elaborate dissertation on later uses of ἀπό in composition by K. Dieterich in Ind. Forsch. xxiv. pp. 87–158, on which cf. Fränkel, Wochenschr. f. klass. Philol., 1909, p. 369 ff.

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

For ἀπό, as in Hebrews 13:24, cf. P Meyer p. 12, n.2.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ΑΠ ΑΠ' ἀπ' απ΄ ΑΠΟ από ἀπό ἀπὸ αφ αφ' ἀφ' εκ εξ επ' εφ' ἐφ' και ὑπὸ AP AP' aph aph' APO apó apò eph eph' hypo hypò upo
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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