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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #710 - ἀριστερός

Transliteration
aristerós
Phonetics
ar-is-ter-os'
Origin
apparently a comparative of the same as (G712)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. left
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8040 ‑ שְׂמֹאל (sem‑ole', sem‑ole');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (3)
Matthew
1
Luke
1
2 Corinthians
1
NAS (5)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Luke
1
2 Corinthians
1
HCS (4)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Luke
1
2 Corinthians
1
BSB (4)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Luke
1
2 Corinthians
1
ESV (2)
Luke
1
2 Corinthians
1
WEB (2)
Luke
1
2 Corinthians
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀριστερός [ ], ά, όν,

1. left, on the left, ἐπ' ἀριστερά towards, i.e. on, the left, Il. 2.526, al.; ἐπ' ἀριστερὰ χειρός Od. 5.277; ἐπ' ἀ. χειρῶν A.R. 2.1266; ἐξἀριστερῶν Hp. Epid. 2.4.1; ἐν τοῖσι ἀριστεροῖσι ibid.

2. ἀριστερά (with or without χείρ), , left hand, ἐξ ἀριστερῆς χειρός on the left hand, Hdt. 2.30; simply ἀριστερῆς χ. Id. 4.34; ἐξ ἀριστερᾶς S. Ph. 20, Pl. Ti. 72c, etc.; οὑξ ἀριστερᾶς.. ναός S. El. 7; ἐς ἀριστερὴν χεῖρα ἤιε, ἐν ἀριστερῇ ἔχειν, Hdt. 7.42.

3. metaph., boding ill, ominous, because to a Greek, looking northward, unlucky signs came from the left, ἀ. ἤλυθεν ὄρνις Od. 20.242.

4. awkward, erring, φρενόθεν ἐπ' ἀριστερὰ ἔβας turnedst to the leftward of thy mind, S. Aj. 182 (lyr.); ἐπ' ἀριστερὰ εἴληφας τὸ πρᾶγμα in a sinister sense, Com.Adesp. 22.67 D.; τῷ ἀριστερῷ δέχεσθαι [λόγους ] Plu. 2.378b. (Prop. 'better', cf. ἄριστος; euphemism (cf. εὐώνυμος) to avoid ill-luck.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀριστερός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX for H8040;]

left, on the left: ὅπλα , 2 Corinthians 6:7; ἡ ἀ .. (sc. χείρ ), Matthew 6:3; ἐξ ἀριστερῶν , on the left (MM, s.v. ): Mark 10:37, Luke 23:33.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the phrase ἐξ ἀριστερῶν (as Luke 23:33) cf. P Ryl II. 153.47 (A.D. 138–61), BGU I. 86.27 (ii/A.D.), P Gen I. 43.4 (A.D. 226). The adj., it need hardly be said, is very common in the personal descriptions of appellants, witnesses, etc., in legal documents. Cf. also for the sake of the curious sidelight which it throws upon the daily life of Arsinoe the complaint which a woman lodges against Petechon, the male attendant in the women’s baths, that he threw hot water over her and κατέκαυσεν τήν τε κοιλίαν καὶ τὸν ἀριστερὸν μηρὸν ἕως τοῦ γόνατος (P Magd 33 recto.4, B.C. 221). The adj. is still in use.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αριστερα αριστερά ἀριστερά αριστεράν αριστεράς αριστερόν αριστερων αριστερών ἀριστερῶν aristera aristerá aristeron aristerôn aristerōn aristerō̂n
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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