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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #730 - ἄῤῥην

ar'-hrane, ar'-sane
Root Word (Etymology)
probably from (G142)
Parts of Speech
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  1. a male
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 376 ‑ אִישׁ (eesh);  1121 ‑ בֵּן (bane);  1397 ‑ גֶּבֶר (gheh'‑ber);  2145 ‑ זָכָר (zaw‑kawr');  3206 ‑ יֶלֶד (yeh'‑led);  
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Romans 3
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄρρην, see. ἄρσην.

ἄρσην, ὁ, ἡ, ἄρσεν, τό,

gen. ἄρσενος, , Ion., and Trag.: Att. ἄρρην IG 2.678 B 55, Pl. Smp. 191c, etc.: Aeol., Cret., Epid., and Hdt. ἔρσην, q.v.; ἀρς- prevails in LXX and NT, ἀρρ- is more common in Pap. (exc. Pap. Mag.): nom. ἄρσης IG 5(1).364.10(Lacon.), POxy. 465.147 (ii A. D.):

1. male, μήτε τις οὖν θήλεια θεὸς.. μήτε τις ἄρσην Il. 8.7; βοῦν.. ἄρσενα 7.315; ἄρσενες ἵπποι 23.377, etc.; ἄρσην σπορά E. Tr. 503; νηδύς Id. Ba. 527 (lyr.) (of the birth of Bacchus); γονή Hp. Genit. 7: ἄρσην, ὁ, or ἄρσεν, τό, the male, A. Ag. 861, Supp. 393 (lyr.), Pl. Lg. 665c, Smp. 191c, etc.; Ἀπόλλωνι.. θῆλυ καὶ ἄρσεν.. προσέρδειν IG 12(8).358 (Thasos, v B. C.); οἱ ἄρσενες the male sex, Th. 2.45; τὸ ἄρσεν A. Eu. 737.

2. masculine, Id. Supp. 951; φρένες E. Or. 1204: metaph., mighty, κτύπος ἄρσην πόντου S. Ph. 1455 (lyr.); Ἀχέροντος ἄρσενας χοάς Id. Fr. 480.3; ἄρσην βοή Ar. Th. 125 (lyr.); ἄ. φθόγγοι Aristid.Quint. 2.12; of plants, robust, coarse, opp. θῆλυς (tender, delicate), Thphr. HP 3.9.3, cf. 2.2.6, Dsc. 3.1, al., S. Tr. 1196.

3. of gender of nouns, masculine, ὀνόματα Ar. Nu. 682.

4. of sex in plants, ἀπὸ τοῦ ἄρρενος τοῖς θήλεσι βοήθεια Thphr. HP 2.8.4: but also, coarse, tough, γογγυλίς ib. 7.4.3, cf. 3.9.3: Comp. form ἀρρέντερος (cf. θηλύτερος), κὰ τὠρρέντερον γένος in the male line, IG 5(2).262.21(Mantinea, v B. C.).

5. Adv. ἀρρένως Diog. ap. Stob. 4.44.71. (Occurs without ϝ- on Cret. Inscrr. which preserve ϝ-; cf. Skt. [snull ]abhás 'bull', Avest. aršan- 'man'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄρρην, see ἄρσην.

STRONGS NT 730: ἄρσην ἄρσην, ἄρσενος, , ἄρσεν, τό, also (according to R G in Revelation 12:5, 13, and in many editions, that of Tischendorf included, in Romans 1:27a; cf. Fritzsche on Romans, vol. i., p. 78; (Winer's Grammar, 22)) ἄρρην, ἀρρενος, , ἀρρεν, τό (from Homer down), male: Matthew 19:4; Mark 10:6; Luke 2:23; Romans 1:27; Galatians 3:28; Revelation 12:5, 13 (where Lachmann reads ἀρσεναν; on which Alex. form of the accusative cf. Winers Grammar, 48 (47f); 66 (64); Mullach, p. 22 (cf. p. 162); Buttmann, 13 (12); (Sophocles Lexicon, Introduction, p. 36; Tdf. Proleg., p. 118; Müller's note on the Epistle of Barnabas 6, 2 [ET], p. 158; WHs Appendix, p. 157 L Scrivener, Collation etc., p. liv.)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(ἄρρην , T, in Romans 1:27; Rec. in Revelation 12:5; Revelation 12:13) -ενος , , , ἄρσεν , τό

(old Attic for ἄρρην , v. supr.; both forms are found in Papyri; MM, s.v.),

[in LXX chiefly for H2145;]

male: Matthew 19:4, Mark 10:6, Luke 2:23, Romans 1:27, Galatians 3:28, Revelation 12:5; Revelation 12:13.†

ἄρρην , see ἄρσην ,

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The form ἄρσην, which WH read throughout, is illustrated by P Oxy IV. 744.9 (B.C. 1) (= Selections, p. 33) where with reference to the birth of a child it is directed ἐὰν ἦν (l. ) ἄρσενον ἄφες, ἐὰν ἦν (l. ) θήλεα ἔκβαλε : cf. also P Gen I. 35.6 (A.D. 161) κ [αμήλους ] [τε ]λείους ἄρσενας δύο λευκούς. In P Oxy I. 37i. 7 (A.D. 49) (= Selections, p. 49) we have ἀρρενικὸν σωμάτιον, but in ib. 38.7 (a document dealing with the same incident, A.D. 49–50) (= Selections, p. 53) it is ἀρσενικὸν σωμάτιον. For ἄρρην see further CPR 28.12 (A.D. 110) τῶν δὲ ἀρρένων υἱῶν, BGU I. 88.6 (A.D. 147) κάμηλ (ον) ἄρρενον [λ ]ευκόν, P Strass I. 30.13 (A.D. 276) ἀρρενικὰ ἑπτά, P Lond 46.105 (magic, iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 68) θῆλυ καὶ ἄρρεν. Ostr 1601 has παιδίου ἀρσενικοῦ : cf. P Oxy IX. 1216.14 (ii/iii A.D.) ἦ καὶ ἀρσενεικὸν ἡμῖν ἀφίκατα ̣[ι;], ";Have you produced us a male child?"; (Ed.), and the MGr ἀρσενικός. There is an important investigation into the rationale of the variation between ρσ and ρρ in the Κοινή in Wackernagel Hellenistica, p. 12 ff. : also see Thumb Hellen., p. 77 f. A further orthographic difference appears in P Petr III. 59 b (iii/ii B.C.) σώματα ἐρσενικά : see other instances, and a discussion on dialect points involved, in Mayser Gr. p. 5; and cf. Thumb’s Gr. Dial, (index s.v. ἔρσην).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
άρρενα άρρενες αρσεν άρσεν ἄρσεν αρσενα άρσενα ἄρσενα αρσενες άρσενες ἄρσενες άρσενι άρσενος άρσεσι αρσεσιν ἄρσεσιν άρσην arsen ársen arsena ársena arsenes ársenes arsesin ársesin
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