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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #74 - ἀγωνία

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G73)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. a struggle for victory
    1. gymnastic exercise, wrestling
  2. of severe mental struggles and emotions, agony, anguish
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Luke 1
NAS (1)
Luke 1
CSB (1)
Luke 1
BSB (1)
Luke 1
ESV (1)
Luke 1
WEB (1)
Luke 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


ἀγων-ία, ἡ, contest, struggle for victory, ἀγὼν διὰ πάσης ἀγωνίης ἔχων Hdt. 2.91; πολεμίων ἀ. E. Hec. 314, cf. Tr. 1003; esp. in games, Pi. O. 2.52, P. 5.113: also in Prose, ἐν δημοτικῇ ἀ. X. Cyr. 2.3.15; ἅπασαν ἀ. ἐκτεἶναι [ D. ] 60.30, etc.

2. gymnastic exercise, Hp. Art. 11, Pl. Men. 94b, Lg. 765c, etc.: generally, exercise, Id. Grg. 456d sq., R. 618b.

3. of the mind, agony, anguish, ἐν φόβῳ καὶ πολλῇ ἀ. D. 18.33, cf. Men. 534.12 (pl.), Arist. Pr. 869b6; ἐν τοῖς τῆς ψυχῆς φόβοις, ἐλπίσιν, ἀγωνίαις Id. Spir. 483a5; cf. Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.248, al., Phld. Ir. p 56 W. (pl.), Nic.Dam. Vit. Caes. 9.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀγωνία, (ας, ;

1. equivalent to ἀγών, which see.

2. It is often used, from Demosthenes (on the Crown, p. 236, 19 ἦν Φίλιππος ἐν φόβῳ καί πολλή ἀγωνία) down, of severe mental struggles and emotions, agony, anguish: Luke 22:44 (L brackets WH reject the passage); (2 Macc. 3:14, 16 2Macc. 15:19; Josephus, Antiquities 11, 8, 4 ἀρχιερεύς ἦν ἐν ἀγωνία καί δηι. (Cf. Field, Otium Norv. iii. on Luke, the passage cited.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἀγωνία -ας ,

(<ἀγών ),

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 3:14; 2 Maccabees 3:16; 2 Maccabees 15:10 *;]

1. a contest, wrestling (Eur., Xen.).

2. Of the mind, great fear, agony, anguish (Dem., Arist.): Luke 22:44 (cf. Field, Notes, 77 f.; Abbott, Essays, 101 f.; MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Tebt II. 423.13 f. (early iii/A.D.) ὡς εἰς ἀγωνίαν με γενέσθαι ἐν τῷ πάροντι, ";so I am at present very anxious"; (Edd.). The corresponding verb is common with the meaning ";to be distressed,"; ";to fear."; Thus P Petr II. 11 (1) ἵνα εἰδῶμεν ἐν οἷς εἶ καὶ μὴ ἀγωνιῶμεν, ";that we may know what you are about, and we may not be anxious"; (Ed.); ib. III. 53 (l).15 f. οὐ γὰρ ὡς ἔτυχεν ἀγωνιῶμεν, ";for we are in a state of no ordinary anxiety"; (Edd.); P Oxy IV. 744.4 (B.C. 1) ( = Selections, p. 32), μὴ ἀγωνιᾷς, ";do not worry";; ib..14 ἐρωτῶ σε οὖν ἵνα μὴ ἀγωνιάσῃς, ";I urge you therefore not to worry."; An almost contemporary instance is afforded by BGU IV. 1078.5 (A.D. 39) ὅτι ἀγωνιῶ περὶ ὑμῶν : of a later date are P Giss I. 17.5,12 (time of Hadrian), ib. 19.3 μεγάλως ἀγωνιῶσα περί σου, PSI 94.16 (ii/A.D.) μὴ ἀγωνία δὲ περὶ τῶν ἱματίων. The verb is found twice in the apocryphal Gospel of Peter 5, ἠγωνίων μή ποτε ὁ ἥλιος ἔδυ, and 10 ἀγωνιῶντες μεγάλως καὶ λέγοντες Ἀληθῶς υἱὸς ἦν θεοῦ. On the translation of ἀγωνία in Luke 22:44 see a note by Moffatt in Exp. VIII. vii. p. 91 ff.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγωνια αγωνία ἀγωνίᾳ agonia agōnia agoníāi agōníāi
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