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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #740 - ἄρτος

Transliteration
ártos
Phonetics
ar'-tos
Origin
from (G142)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
1:477,80
Definition
Thayer's
  1. food composed of flour mixed with water and baked
    1. the Israelites made it in the form of an oblong or round cake, as thick as one's thumb, and as large as a plate or platter hence it was not to be cut but broken
    2. loaves were consecrated to the Lord
    3. of the bread used at the love-feasts and at the Lord's Table
  2. food of any kind
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1715 ‑ דָּגָן (daw‑gawn');  2471 ‑ חַלָּה (khal‑law');  3899 ‑ לֶחֶם (lekh'‑em);  4682 ‑ מַצָּה (mats‑tsaw');  6595 ‑ פְּתוֹת (path);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (99)
Matthew
21
Mark
22
Luke
16
John
24
Acts
5
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
1
2 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
1
NAS (97)
Matthew
21
Mark
21
Luke
15
John
24
Acts
5
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
1
2 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
1
HCS (94)
Matthew
20
Mark
20
Luke
14
John
24
Acts
5
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
1
2 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
1
BSB (97)
Matthew
21
Mark
21
Luke
15
John
24
Acts
5
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
1
2 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
1
ESV (88)
Matthew
18
Mark
18
Luke
12
John
24
Acts
5
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
1
2 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
1
WEB (106)
Matthew
26
Mark
21
Luke
16
John
27
Acts
5
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
1
2 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄρτος, ὁ,

I cake or loaf of wheat-bread, mostly in pl., Od. 18.120, al.; ἄρτος οὖλος a whole loaf, 17.343; collectively, bread, δούλιον ἄρτον ἔδων Archil. Supp. 2.6; ἄ. τρισκοπάνιστος Batr. 35; opp. μᾶζα (porridge), Hp. Acut. 37. Freq. in all writers.

II ἄρτος· βόλος τις, καὶ ὁ Ἀθηναίων ξένος, Hsch.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἄρτος , -ον , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3899;]

bread, a loaf: Matthew 4:3-4, Mark 3:20, al.; ἄρτοι τ . προθέσεως , bread of the setting forth, i.e. the shewbread. Metaph., ὁ ἄ . τ . θεοῦ , τ . ζωῆς , ref. to Christ, John 6:33; John 6:35; in general, food: Matthew 6:11, al.; . φαγεῖν (Heb. H3899 H400), to eat (MM, s.v.), Luke 14:1, al.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἄρτος is frequently found with καθαρός = ";pure"; or ";white bread,"; e.g. P Tebt II. 468 οἴνου κε (ράμιον) α ̄, ἄρτων κα ̣(θαρῶν) χ (= 10 Choenices? Edd.). P Oxy IV. 736.26 (a lengthy private account, c. A.D. I) ἄρτου καθαροῦ παιδ (ῶν) ἡμιωβέλιον) ";pure bread for the children ½ obol,"; P Giss I. 14.5 (ii. A.D.) ἔγραψάς μοι περὶ ἄρτων καθαρῶν πεγμφθῆναἱ σοι διὰ Διοσκύρου. Other instances of the word are P Leid Bi. 12 (ii/B.C.) ἄρτων πεπτῶν (in provision claimed for the Serapeum Twins), P Oxy VI. 936.15 f. (iii/A.D.) σφυρίδιον Κανωπικὸν ὅπ ̣ου ζεύγη ἄρτων δ ̄, ";a Canopic basket with four pairs of loaves,"; P Gen I. 74.25 f. (probably iii/A.D.) λήκυθον ἐλαίου καὶ ἄρτους μεγάλο [υ ]ς τέσσαρας. In P Oxy VI. 908.22f. (A.D. 199) ἀρτοκοπεῖον = ";bakery";—ὥστε ὑφ᾽ ἑκάστου ὑμῶν ἀρτοκοπεῖον ἓν ἀπαρτισθῆναι. Ἄρτος is the common and only word for ";bread"; during the period we are concerned with : towards the end of it ψωμίον (q. v.) begins to acquire this meaning and takes its place.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αρτοι άρτοι ἄρτοι αρτοις άρτοις ἄρτοις αρτον άρτον ἄρτον αρτος άρτος ἄρτος αρτου άρτου ἄρτου αρτους αρτούς άρτους ἄρτους αρτω άρτω ἄρτῳ αρτων άρτων άρτών ἄρτων arto artō artoi ártoi ártōi artois ártois arton artōn árton ártōn artos ártos artou ártou artous ártous
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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