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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #752 - ἀρχισυνάγωγος
- ruler of the synagogue. It was his duty to select the readers or teachers in the synagogue, to examine the discourses of the public speakers, and to see that all things were done with decency and in accordance with ancestral usage.
ἀρχι-συνάγωγος [ ᾰ], ὁ,
I ruler of a synagogue, Mark 5:22, al., IG 14.2304, Ramsay Cities and Bishoprics No.559: — hence ἀρχι-συνᾰγωγέω, BCH 8.463 (Thessalonica, ii A. D.).
II master of a guild or company, IGRom. 1.782 (Thrace), etc.
*† ἀρχισυνάγωγος , -ου , ὁ
(< συναγωγή ),
ruler of a synagogue, an administrative officer, supervising the worship (הַכְּנֵםֶת H7218): Mark 5:22; Mark 5:35-36; Mark 5:38 Luke 8:49; Luke 13:14, Acts 13:15; Acts 18:8; Acts 18:17 (Inscr., v. MM, s.v.; cf. also DB, ext., 101).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Preisigke 623 (B.C. 80–69) ὧν ἀρχισυνά ]γωγος κ ̣α ̣ι ̣ ἀρχιερεὺς [name presumably followed] : the previous mention of θε ]ῶν Φιλοπατόρων suffices to show that a ";profane"; writer uses the term. Thayer’s inscriptional and literary quotations had already corrected the implication of Grimm’s note. Cagnat I. 782 (Thrace) τὸν βω [μ ]ὸν τῇ συναγω [γ ]ῇ τῶν κουρέω [ν ] (";collegio tonsorum,"; Ed.) [π ]ερὶ ἀρχισυνάγ [ωγ ]ον Γ. Ἰούλιον [Ο ]ὐάλεντα δῶ [ρ ]ον ἀποκατέστη [σα ]ν : C. Julius Valens is the Master of the Barbers’ Company. See further Ziebarth Vereinswesen, p. 55 ff. For Jewish exx. see the Alexandrian inscr. of the time of Augustus in Archiv ii. p. 430, no. 5* and C. and B., no. 559 (ii. p. 649), ὁ διὰ βίου ἀρχι [συν ]άγωγος, with Ramsay’s remarks, showing that Julia Severa (A.D. 60–80), who figures in this Akmonian inscr., was a Jewess with the honorary title of ";ruler of the synagogue"; : cf. also Ramsay CRE, p. 68, and Lake, Earlier Epistles of S. Paul, p. 104 n.1.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany