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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #752 - ἀρχισυνάγωγος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G746) and (G4864)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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  1. ruler of the synagogue. It was his duty to select the readers or teachers in the synagogue, to examine the discourses of the public speakers, and to see that all things were done with decency and in accordance with ancestral usage.
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (9)
Mark 4
Luke 2
Acts 3
NAS (18)
Mark 8
Luke 4
Acts 6
CSB (9)
Mark 4
Luke 2
Acts 3
BSB (9)
Mark 4
Luke 2
Acts 3
ESV (9)
Mark 4
Luke 2
Acts 3
WEB (9)
Mark 4
Luke 2
Acts 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀρχι-συνάγωγος [ ], ,

I ruler of a synagogue, Mark 5:22, al., IG 14.2304, Ramsay Cities and Bishoprics No.559: hence ἀρχι-συνᾰγωγέω, BCH 8.463 (Thessalonica, ii A. D.).

II master of a guild or company, IGRom. 1.782 (Thrace), etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀρχισυνάγωγος, ἀρχισυναγώγου, (συναγωγή), ruler of a synagogue, הַכְּנֶסֶת רֹאשׁ: Mark 5:22, 35f, 38; Luke 8:49; Luke 13:14; Acts 13:15; Acts 18:8, 17. It was his duty to select the readers or teachers in the synagogue, to examine the discourses of the public speakers, and to see that all things were done with decency and in accordance with ancestral usage; (cf. Alex.'s Kitto under the word Synagogue). (Not found in secular writings; (yet Schürer (Theol. Literatur-Zeit., 1878, p. 5) refers to Corp. Inscriptions Grace. no 2007 f. (Addenda ii., p. 994), no. 2221{c} (ii., p. 1031), nos. 9894, 9906; Mommsen, Inscriptions Regni Neap. no. 3657; Garrucci, Cimitero degli antichi Ebrei, p. 67; Lampridius, Vita Alexandr. Sever c. 28; Vopiscus, Vit. Saturnin c. 8; Codex Theodos. 16:8, 4, 13, 14; also Acta Pilat. in Tdf.s Ev. Apocr. edition 2, pp. 221, 270, 275, 284; Justin Martyr, dialog contra Trypho,

c. 137; Epiphanius haer. 30, 18; Eusebius, h. e. 7, 10, 4; see fully in his Gemeindeverfassung der Juden in Rom in d. Kaiserzeit nach d. Inschrften dargestellt (Leips. 1879), p. 25f).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

*† ἀρχισυνάγωγος , -ου ,

(< συναγωγή ),

ruler of a synagogue, an administrative officer, supervising the worship (הַכְּנֵםֶת H7218): Mark 5:22; Mark 5:35-36; Mark 5:38 Luke 8:49; Luke 13:14, Acts 13:15; Acts 18:8; Acts 18:17 (Inscr., v. MM, s.v.; cf. also DB, ext., 101).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Preisigke 623 (B.C. 80–69) ὧν ἀρχισυνά ]γωγος κ ̣α ̣ι ̣ ἀρχιερεὺς [name presumably followed] : the previous mention of θε ]ῶν Φιλοπατόρων suffices to show that a ";profane"; writer uses the term. Thayer’s inscriptional and literary quotations had already corrected the implication of Grimm’s note. Cagnat I. 782 (Thrace) τὸν βω [μ ]ὸν τῇ συναγω [γ ]ῇ τῶν κουρέω [ν ] (";collegio tonsorum,"; Ed.) [π ]ερὶ ἀρχισυνάγ [ωγ ]ον Γ. Ἰούλιον [Ο ]ὐάλεντα δῶ [ρ ]ον ἀποκατέστη [σα ]ν : C. Julius Valens is the Master of the Barbers’ Company. See further Ziebarth Vereinswesen, p. 55 ff. For Jewish exx. see the Alexandrian inscr. of the time of Augustus in Archiv ii. p. 430, no. 5* and C. and B., no. 559 (ii. p. 649), ὁ διὰ βίου ἀρχι [συν ]άγωγος, with Ramsay’s remarks, showing that Julia Severa (A.D. 60–80), who figures in this Akmonian inscr., was a Jewess with the honorary title of ";ruler of the synagogue"; : cf. also Ramsay CRE, p. 68, and Lake, Earlier Epistles of S. Paul, p. 104 n.1.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αρχισυναγωγοι αρχισυνάγωγοι ἀρχισυνάγωγοι αρχισυναγωγον αρχισυνάγωγον ἀρχισυνάγωγον αρχισυναγωγος αρχισυνάγωγος ἀρχισυνάγωγος αρχισυναγωγου αρχισυναγώγου ἀρχισυναγώγου αρχισυναγωγω αρχισυναγώγω ἀρχισυναγώγῳ αρχισυναγωγων αρχισυναγώγων ἀρχισυναγώγων αρχισωματοφύλακα αρχισωματοφύλακες αρχιτεκτονείν αρχιτεκτονίας ηρχιτεκτόνησε archisunagogo archisunagōgō archisunagogoi archisunagōgoi archisunagogon archisunagōgon archisunagōgōn archisunagogos archisunagōgos archisunagogou archisunagōgou archisynagogo archisynagōgō archisynagogoi archisynagōgoi archisynagṓgoi archisynagṓgōi archisynágogoi archisynágōgoi archisynagogon archisynagōgon archisynagōgōn archisynagṓgon archisynagṓgōn archisynágogon archisynágōgon archisynagogos archisynagōgos archisynágogos archisynágōgos archisynagogou archisynagōgou archisynagṓgou
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