the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4864 - συναγωγή
- a bringing together, gathering (as of fruits), a contracting
- in the NT, an assembling together of men, an assembly of men
- a synagogue
- an assembly of Jews formally gathered together to offer prayers and listen to the reading and expositions of the scriptures; assemblies of that sort were held every sabbath and feast day, afterwards also on the second and fifth days of every week; name transferred to an assembly of Christians formally gathered together for religious purposes
- the buildings where those solemn Jewish assemblies are held. Synagogues seem to date their origin from the Babylonian exile. In the times of Jesus and the apostles every town, not only in Palestine, but also among the Gentiles if it contained a considerable number of Jewish inhabitants, had at least one synagogue, the larger towns several or even many. These were also used for trials and inflicting punishment.
a bringing together:
I of persons, ἀνδρὸς καὶ γυναικός Pl. Tht. 150a; collecting, ὄχλων, ἀνδρῶν, etc., Plb. 4.7.6, D.L. 2.129, etc.; συμποσίου Ath. 5.192b; assembling, meeting, τῶν λογιστῶν IG 12.91.9, cf. Test.Epict. 4.7.
2. assembly, LXX Exodus 12:3, OGI 737.1 (Egypt, ii B.C.), etc.; τῶν συνέδρων IG 5(1).1390.49 (Andania, i B.C.), cf. Test.Epict. 4.25; place of assembly, esp. of the Jewish synagogue, Luke 8:41, Acts 9:2, BCH 56.293 (Stobi), etc.; meeting-house, Μαρκιωνιστῶν OGI 608.1 (Syria, iv A.D.); conventicle, Cod.Just. 18.104.22.168.
II of things, ς. [τῶν ἐκπεπταμένων ] Hp. Off. 11, cf. Epicur. Nat. 14.4, etc.; opp. διαιρέσεις, Pl. Phdr. 266b; ς. πολέμου levying of war, Th. 2.18; gathering in of harvest, τοῦ σίτου PCair.Zen. 433.5 (iii B.C.), Plb. 1.17.9, etc.; Χρημάτων Democr. 222, SIG 410.14 (Erythrae, iii B.C.), Plb. 27.12.2, cf. Phld. Oec. p.51 J.; ὑδάτων LXX Genesis 1:9 (pl.), cf. Leviticus 11:36; πύου Heras ap. Gal. 13.815 (pl.); ξύλων PMich.Zen. 84.15 (iii B.C.); harvest, ἑορτὴ συναγωγῆς LXX Exodus 34:22.
2. drawing together, contracting, συναγωγὰς καὶ ἐκτάσεις στρατιᾶς forming an army in column or in line, Pl. R. 526d; contraction of ranks either in front or depth, Arr. Tact. 11.3; αἱ τοῦ προσώπου ς. pursing up or wrinkling of the face, Isoc. 9.44; μετώπου Hp. Coac. 210; bringing together, closing up of a wound, Gal. 10.191; ς. τῶν μηρῶν Sor. 2.41; τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν Arist. Pr. 876b10; opp. διαστολή, Id. Ph. 217b15; ς. ἔχειν, ς. λαμβάνειν, = συνάγεσθαι, Thphr. HP 3.10.5, PCair.Zen. 54.6 (iii B.C.), Str. 8.2.3, cf. 12.2.4.
3. collection, τῶν νόμων καὶ τῶν πολιτειῶν Arist. EN 1181b7 (pl.); of writings, D.H. 2.27, Cic. Att. 9.13.3, 16.5.5, Herod.Med. in Rh.Mus. 58.114, Gal. 12.836, Orib. 1 Prooem. 2.
4. combination, [ πολιτειῶν ] Arist. Pol. 1316b40.
5. conclusion, inference, Id. Rh. 1400b26, 1410a22, Gal. 16.676, S.E. P. 2.143, 170; cogent reasoning, Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.89; demonstration, Phld. Rh. 1.91 S.
συναγωγή, συναγωγῆς, ἡ (συνάγω), the Sept. for קָהָל and very often for עֵדָה. In Greek writings a bringing together, gathering (as of fruits), a contracting; an assembling together of men. In the N. T.
2. a synagogue, i. e., a. "an assembly of Jews formally gathered together to offer prayer and listen to the reading and exposition of the Holy Scriptures"; assemblies of the sort were held every sabbath and feast-day, afterward also on the second and fifth days of every week (see references below): Luke 12:11; Acts 9:2; Acts 13:43; Acts 26:11; the name is transferred to an assembly of Christians formally gathered for religious purposes, James 2:2 (Epiphanius haer. 30, 18 says of the Jewish Christians συναγωγήν οὗτοι καλουσι τήν ἑαυτῶν ἐκκλησίαν καί οὐχί ἐκκλησίαν (cf. Lightfoot on Philippians, p. 192)); (cf. Trench, Synonyms, § 1, and especially Harnack's elaborate note on Hermas, mand. 11, 9 [ET] (less fully and accurately in Hilgenfeld's Zeitschr. f. wiss. Theol. for 1876, p. 102ff) respecting the use of the word by the church Fathers of the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th centuries; cf. Hilgenfeld's comments on the same in his 'Hermae Pastor', edition alt., p. 183f).
b. the building where those solemn Jewish assemblies are held (Hebrew הַכְּנֶסֶת בֵּית, i. e. 'the house of assembly'). Synagogues seem to date their origin from the Babylonian exile. In the time of Jesus and the apostles every town, not only in Palestine but also among the Gentiles if it contained a considerable number of Jewish inhabitants, had at least one synagogue, the larger towns several or even many. That the Jews held trials and even inflicted punishments in them, is evident from such passages as Matthew 10:17; Matthew 23:34; Mark 13:9; Luke 12:11; Luke 21:12; Acts 9:2; Acts 22:19; Acts 26:11. They are further mentioned in Matthew 4:23; Matthew 6:2, 5; Matthew 9:35; Matthew 12:9; Matthew 13:54; Matthew 23:6; Mark 1:21, 23, 29, 39; Mark 3:1; Mark 6:2; Mark 12:39; Luke 4:15f, 20, 28, 33, 38, 44; Luke 6:6; Luke 7:5; Luke 8:41; (
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συν -αγωγή , -ῆς , ἡ ,
prop., a bringing together;
1. of things,
(a) a gathering in of harvest;
(b) a collection of money.
2. Of persons,
(a) a collecting, assembling (Polyb.);
(b) an assembly (MM, xxiv; Deiss., LAE, 101 ff.): Revelation 2:9; Revelation 3:9; esp. of a Jewish religious assembly, a synagogue: Luke 12:11, Acts 9:2, al.; of a Christian assembly, James 2:2. By meton., of the building in which the assembly is held, a synagogue: Matthew 10:17, Mark 1:21, al. (cf. Cremer, s.v. ἐκκλησία ).
SYN.: ἐκκλησία G1577 (q.v.).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
On συνσχηματίζεσθε in Romans 12:2 = ";be ye outwardly conformed"; as contrasted with μεταμορφοῦσθε, ";be ye inwardly conformed,"; see Field Notes, p. 162.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
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