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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #778 - ἀσκέω

Transliteration
askéō
Phonetics
as-keh'-o
Origin
probably from the same as (G4632)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
1:494,84
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to form by art, to adorn
  2. to exercise (one's) self, take pains, labour, strive
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
Acts
1
NAS (2)
Acts
2
HCS (1)
Acts
1
BSB (1)
Acts
1
WEB ( 0 )
WEB (1)
Acts
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀσκέω,

I

1. work raw materials, εἴρια, κέρα, Il. 3.388, 4.110; work curiously, form by art, [ κρητῆρα] Σιδόνες πολυδαίδαλοι εὖ ἤσκησαν ib. 23.743; ἑρμῖν' ἀσκήσας Od. 23.198; πτύξασα καὶ ἀσκήσασα χιτῶνα having folded and smoothed it, ib. 1.439; ἅρμα.. χρυσῷ καὶ ἀργύρῳ εὖ ἤσκηται Il. 10.438; χορὸν ἤσκησεν ib. 18.592; γόμφοις ἀ. Emp. 87: added in aor. part. to Verbs, [ θρόνον] τεύξει ἀσκήσας elaborately, Il. 14.240; [ χρυσὸν] βοὸς κέρασιν περίχευεν ἀσκήσας Od. 3.437; [ ἑανὸν] ἔξυσ' ἀσκήσασα Il. 14.179.

2. of personal adornment, dress out, trick out, ἀ. τινὰ κόσμῳ Hdt. 3.1; ἐς κάλλος ἀσκεῖ decks herself, E. El. 1073; δέμας Id. Tr. 1023: freq. in Pass., σκιεροῖς ἠσκημένα γυίοις furnished with.., Emp. 61.4; πέπλοισι Περσικοῖς ἠσκημένη A. Pers. 182; οὐ χλιδαῖς ἠσκημένον S. El. 452; of buildings, παστὰς ἠσκημένη στύλοισι Hdt. 2.169; Παρίῳ λίθῳ ἠσκημένα Id. 3.57: abs., οἴκημα ἠσκημένον Id. 2.130; σῶμα λόγοις ἠσκ. tricked out with words only, not real, S. El. 1217: Med., σῶμ' ὅπλοις ἠσκήσατο adorned his own person, E. Hel. 1379, cf. Alc. 161.

3. in Pi., honour a divinity, do him reverence, δαίμον' ἀσκήσω θεραπεύων P. 3.109; ἀσκεῖται Θέμις O. 8.22.

II practise, exercise, train, esp. in Prose and Com., properly of athletic exercise,

1. c. acc. of person or thing, ἀ. τὸν υἱὸν τὸν ἐπιχώριον τρόπον Ar. Pl. 47; ἀ. τὰ σώματα εἰς ἰσχύν X. Cyr. 2.1.20, cf. Mem. 1.2.19; ἐχθρὸν ἐφ' ἡμᾶς αὐτοὺς τηλικοῦτον ἠσκήκαμεν D. 3.28: Pass., σώματα εὖ ἠσκημένα X. Cyr. 1.6.41; εἰς ἀγῶνα ἄμεινον ἡμῶν ἤσκηνται D. 9.52; ἀσκεῖσθαι λέγειν Luc. Demon. 4; τὴν Κυνικὴν ἄσκησιν Id. Tox. 27; λόγοις D.C. 45.2; ἐν παιδείᾳ Id. 60.2; πρός τι D.S. 2.54.

2. c. acc. of the thing practised, ἀ. τέχνην, πεντάεθλον, Hdt. 3.125, 9.33; λόγους Democr. 53a, 110; μανθάνειν καὶ ἀ. τι Pl. Grg. 509e; ἀ. παγκράτιον, στάδιον, etc., Id. Lg. 795b, Thg. 128e; ἠσκηκέναι μηδεμίαν ἄσκησιν κυριωτέραν τῆς πολεμικῆς Arist. Pol. 1271b5: metaph., ἀ. τὴν ἀληθείην, δικαιοσύνην, Hdt. 7.209, 1.96; δίκαια S. OC 913; ἀρετήν E. Fr. 853, Pl. R. 407a; κακότητα A. Pr. 1066 (lyr.), cf. S. Tr. 384; ἀσέβειαν E. Ba. 476; τὰ δίκαια Crates Theb. 12; λαλιάν Ar. Nu. 931 (anap.): c. dupl. acc., ἀ. αὑτόν τε καὶ τοὺς σὺν αὑτῷ τὰ πολεμικά X. Cyr. 8.6.10.

3. c. inf., ἄσκει τοιαύτη μένειν practise, endeavour to remain such, S. El. 1024; λέγειν ἠσκηκότες Id. Fr. 963; εὐσεβεῖν ἠσκηκότα E. Fr. 1067; ἀ. γαστρὸς κρείττους εἶναι, τοὺς φίλους ἀγαθὰ ποιεῖν, X. Cyr. 4.2.45, 5.5.12, cf. Mem. 2.1.6; ἤσκει ἐξομιλεῖν παντοδαποῖς he made a practice of associating.., Id. Ages. 11.4.

4. abs., practise, go into training, Pl. R. 389c, X. Cyr. 2.1.29; οἱ ἀσκέοντες those who practise gymnastics, Hp. Acut. 9; περὶ τὰς βαναύσους τέχνας Plb. 9.20.9.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἀσκέω , - ,

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 15:4 *;]

1. to adorn (poët.).

2. to practise, exercise (Hdt., Xen.).

3. to endeavour (Xen., al.): c. inf., Acts 24:16.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Par 63viii. 24 (ii/B.C.) ε [ ]σέβειαν ἀσκήσαντα . Lewy (Fremdwörter, p. 131) notes the use in the Hebrew Mishna and Aramaic Targum of עסק ‘âsaq = ";sich mit etwas beschaftigen, Mühe geben, sich befleissigen.";

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ασκω ἀσκῶ asko askô askō askō̂
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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