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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #797 - ἀστράπτω

Root Word (Etymology)
probably from (G792)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to lighten
    1. of dazzling objects
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1300 ‑ בָּרָק (baw‑rawk');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Luke 2
NAS (2)
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CSB (2)
Luke 2
BSB (2)
Luke 2
ESV (2)
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WEB (2)
Luke 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(cf. στράπτω), impf. ἀστράπτεσκον Mosch. 2.86: fut. ἀστράψω Cratin. 53, Nonn. D. 33.376: aor. ἤστραψα Il. 17.595, etc.:


1. lighten, hurl lightnings, freq. of omens sent by Zeus, ἀστράπτων ἐπιδέξι' Il. 2.353; Κρονίδης ἐνδέξια σήματα φαίνων ἀστράπτει 9.237; ὡς δ' ὅτ' ἂν ἀστράπτῃ πόσις Ἥρης 10.5; ἀστράψας δὲ μάλα μεγάλ' ἔκτυπε 17.595; οὑλύμπιος ἤστραπτεν, ἐβρόντα Ar. Ach. 531, cf. V. 626.

2. impers., ἀστράπτει it lightens, ἤστραψε it lightened, οὐρανοῦ δ' ἄπο ἤστραψε S. Fr. 578, cf. Arist. Rh. 1392b27.

II flash or glance like lightning, πᾶς γὰρ ἀστράπτει χαλινός S. OC 1067 (lyr.); κατάχαλκον ἀ. πεδίον gleams with brass, E. Ph.

III; so ἀ. χαλκῷ X. Cyr. 6.4.1;

1. of the face, εἶδον τὴν ὄψιν.. ἀστράπτουσαν Pl. Phdr. 254b; ἀ. τοῖς ὄμμασι X. Cyn. 6.15; of flowers, ἀνεμωνίδες ἀστράπτουσαι bright, Nic. Fr. 74.64: c. acc. cogn., ἐξ ὀμμάτων δ' ἤστραπτε.. σέλας (sc. Τυφών) flashed flame from his eyes, A. Pr. 358; ἵμερον ἀστράπτουσα κατ' ὄμματος AP 12.161 (Ascl), cf. Mosch. l.c.; ἤστραψε γλυκὺ κάλλος AP 12.110 (Mel.).

2. of persons, to be brilliant, conspicuous, ἔν τινι Opp. C. 1.361, 2.23.

IV trans.,

1. consume with lightning, dub. in Cratin. 53.

2. illuminate, τι Musae. 276.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀστράπτω; (later form στράπτω, see ἀσπάζομαι at the beginning (probably allied with ἀστήρ which see)); to lighten (Homer, Iliad 9, 237; 17, 595, and often in Attic): Luke 17:24. of dazzling objects: ἐσθής (R G ἐσθησεις), Luke 24:4 (and very often in Greek writings from Sophocles Oed. Col. 1067; Euripides, Phoen. 111, down). (Compare: ἐξαστράπτω, περιαστράπτω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀστράπτω ,

[in LXX for H1300;]

to lighten, flash forth: Luke 17:24; Luke 24:4 (MM, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The MGr ἀστράφτει , ";it lightens,"; reinforces the literary record. The word was vernacular, though, as in the case of the noun, we know of no exx. except in the magic papyri, P Lond 46.150 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 70) ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ἀστράπτων : so ib. 121.234 (iii/A.D.) and 122.92 (iv/A.D.) (= I. pp. 92, 119).



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αστραπτουσα αστράπτουσα ἀστράπτουσα αστραπτούσαις αστραπτουση ἀστραπτούσῃ άστραψον αστρολόγοι ήστραψεν astraptousa astráptousa astraptouse astraptousē astraptoúsei astraptoúsēi
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