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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #817 - ἄτερ

Root Word (Etymology)
a particle probably akin to (G427)
Parts of Speech
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  1. without, apart from
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Luke 2
NAS (2)
Luke 2
CSB (1)
Luke 1
BSB (2)
Luke 2
ESV (2)
Luke 2
WEB (2)
Luke 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄτερ [],

, Ion., Trag. Pr with gen.,

I without, apart from, Hom.; κράτιστον Ἀχιλέος ἄ. Pi. N. 7.27; ἄ. Ζηνός without his will, Il. 15.292, cf. POxy. 936.18 (iii A.D.); οὐ θεῶν ἄ. 'non sine dis', Pi. P. 5.76; ἄ. μόχθου Democr. 223; ἄ. πυρετοῦ καὶ ὀδύνης Hp. Prorrh. 2.4.

II aloof, apart from, ἄ. ἥμενον ἄλλων Il. 1.498; νόσφιν ἄ. τε κακῶν Hes. Op. 91: freq. in Trag., mostly after its case, A. Supp. 377, etc.; but before it in Id. Pr. 456, Supp. 703 (lyr.), Ch. 338 (lyr.), S. Ph. 703 (lyr.), El. 866: also in late Prose, as LXX 2 Maccabees 12:15, D.H. 3.10, Luke 22:6, Plu. Cat.Mi. 5, Vett.Val. 136.9, al.

III c. dat., ἄτερ ἄστρασιν Anub. 87.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἄτερ, preposition, frequent in the poets (from Homer down), rare in prose writings from Plato (?) down; without, apart from: with the genitive (Dionysius Halicarnassus 3, 10; Plutarch, Numbers 14, Cat. min. 5); in the Bible only in 2 Macc. 12:15; Luke 22:6 (ἄτερ ὄχλου in the absence of the multitude; hence, without tumult), Luke 22:35. ('Teaching 3, 10 [ET]; Herm. sim. 5, 4, 5 [ET].)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἄτερ ,


[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 12:15 *;]

in cl. most freq. in poets; without, apart from: c. gen., Luke 22:6; Luke 22:35 (for exx. from Papyri, v. MM, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this (originally) poetic word which is found in the Grk Bible only 2 Maccabees 12:15, Luke 22:6 and Luke 22:35, cf. Priene 109.104 (c. B.C. 120) ἄτερ ὀψωνίον , ";without salary."; It occurs in P Oxy VI. 936.18 (iii/A.D., a rather uneducated letter) ὁ ἠπητὴς λέγει ὅτι οὐ δίδω οὔτε τὸν χαλκὸν οὔτε τὸ φαινόλιν ἄτερ Ἰούστου , ";the cobbler says that he will not give up either the money or the cloak without Justus"; (Edd.). Cf. also P Leid Wii. 12 (Apocrypha Moïsis) ἄτερ γὰρ τούτων (the ω corrected from ο ) ὁ εὸς (l. θεὸς ) οὐκ ἐπακούσεται . To the references in the Lexicons may be added Vettius Valens pp. 136.9, 271.9, 341.3, and Cleanthes hymn. Orph. 68, 8.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ατερ άτερ ἄτερ ater áter
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