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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #936 - βασιλεύω
- to be king, to exercise kingly power, to reign
- of the governor of a province
- of the rule of the Messiah
- of the reign of Christians in the millennium
- metaph. to exercise the highest influence, to control
1. to be king, rule, reign, οὐ μέν πως πάντες βασιλεύσομεν ἐνθάδ' Ἀχαιοί Il. 2.203; ἶσον ἐμοὶ βασίλευε 9.616; ἐν ὑμῖν.. βασίλευε was king among you, Od. 2.47; ὄφρ' Ἰθάκης κατὰ δῆμον.. βασιλεύοι 22.52; also of a woman, ἢ βασίλευεν ὑπὸ Πλάκῳ reigned as queen, Il. 6.425; ἡ δὲ Πύλου βασίλευε Od. 11.285: in aor., to have become king, Hdt. 2.2: c. gen., to be king of, rule over, ἐν.. Ἰθάκῃ βασιλεύσει Ἀχαιῶν Od. 1.401, etc.; βασιλεύοντος βασιλέων Ἀρσάκου PAvrom. 1 A 1: c. dat., to be king among, Γιγάντεσσιν βασίλευεν Od. 7.59; later β. ἐπὶ τὰς δύο βασιλείας LXX 1 Maccabees 1:16 : — Pass., to be governed by a king, Pl. R. 576d, 576e,al., Arist. Pol. 1284b39, etc.: c.acc. cogn., βασιλείαν πασῶν δικαιοτάτην βασιλεύεσθαι Pl. Lg. 680e: generally, to be governed or administered, Pi. P. 4.106, etc.; ὑπὸ νόμου Lys. 2.19: hence, submit to the king, Plu. Sull. 12. to be ἄρχων β. at Athens, Isoc. 18.5, IG 12.7[*]6, al.; of other magistrates, SIG 709 (Chersonesus), 1054 (Samothrace). later ἡ βασιλεύουσα πόλις the imperial city, of Rome, Ath. 3.98c, cf. CPHerm. 125ii3.
2. enjoy as master, τῶ χρυσῶ β. Theoc. 21.60 codd.
3. abs., live royally, β. ἐν πενίᾳ Plu. 2.101d, cf. 1 Corinthians 4:8.
II causal, appoint as king, τινά LXX Jd. 9.6; but β. τισὶ βασιλέα make them a king, ib. 1 Samuel 8:22; 1 Samuel 12:1.
(< βασιλεύς ),
to be king, to reign, rule: 1 Timothy 6:15; c. gen. (cl.), Matthew 2:22; seq. ἐπί c. acc (= Heb. H5921 H4427; Bl., § 36, 8), Luke 1:33; Luke 19:14; Luke 19:27, Romans 5:14; ἐπὶ τ . γῆς , on earth, Revelation 5:10; of God, Revelation 11:15; Revelation 11:17; Revelation 19:6; of Christ, Luke 1:33, 1 Corinthians 15:25, Revelation 11:15; of Christians, Revelation 5:10; Revelation 20:4 (constative aor., M, Pr., 130), Revelation 20:6 Revelation 22:5. Metaph., Christians, Romans 5:17, 1 Corinthians 4:8; θάνατος , Romans 5:14; Romans 5:17; ἁμαρτία , Romans 5:21; Romans 6:12. Ingressive aor. (M, Pr., 109), to begin to reign: 1 Corinthians 4:8, Revelation 11:17; Revelation 19:6 (Cremer, 137).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
A good example of the ingressive aorist is afforded by the new Agraphon as restored by the editors—P Oxy IV. 654.8 θαμ ]βηθεὶς βασιλεύσει κα [ὶ βασιλεύσας ἀναπα ]ήσεται , ";astonished he shall reach the Kingdom, and having reached the Kingdom he shall rest"; : see Proleg. p. 130. The verb is used to render the Persian title (see under βασιλεύς ) in P Saïd Khan 1 (a).1 (B.C. 88) βασιλεύοντος βασιλέων Αρσάκου : 1 (b).1 and 2.1 (B.C. 22–1) have the same formula. CPHerm 125ii. 3 (A.D. 260–8) διατρίβοντός σο [υ ] ἐπὶ τῆς βασιλευούση [ς Ῥώμης supplies an illustration for Revelation 18:7. For the relation of the Pauline conception of ";the saint as king"; (Romans 5:17, 2 Timothy 2:12) to the Greek philosophic ideal, see Ramsay Teaching, p. 157 ff.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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