Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #05062 - נָגַף
1) to strike, smite
1a) (Qal) to strike, smite
1b) (Niphal) to be stricken, be smitten
1c) (Hithpael) to stumble
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
נָגַף fut. יִגֹּף.
(1) to smite, especially used of Jehovah striking men with some plague, Ex. 7:27 especially with a fatal plague, with sickness, or death, 1 Samuel 25:38; Psalms 89:24; 2 Chronicles 21:18. In another sense God is said to smite a people before their enemies, i.e. to permit them to be smitten by their enemies, 1 Samuel 4:3, “why hath Jehovah smitten us to-day before the Philistines?” Judges 20:35; 2 Chronicles 13:15, 21:14 compare Niphal.
(2) to push, e.g. as horned cattle, Exodus 21:35 as man against man, Exodus 21:22.
(3) to strike against (with the foot), Proverbs 3:23; Psalms 91:12.
Niphal נִגַּף to be smitten, defeated (as an army), Judges 20:36; 1 Samuel 4:10 commonly followed by לִפֳנֵי to be smitten (and flee) before an enemy, Leviticus 26:17; Deuteronomy 28:7; Judges 20:36; 1 Samuel 4:2; 2 Samuel 8:17, etc.
Hithpael, i.q. Kal No. 3, to strike against (used of the foot), Jeremiah 13:16.
Hence מַגֵּפָה, and
the Sixth Week after Easter