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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2875 - κόπτω

Root Word (Etymology)
a root word
Parts of Speech
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  1. to cut, strike, smite
  2. to cut from, cut off
  3. to beat one's breast for grief
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 622 ‑ אָסַף (aw‑saf');  1413 ‑ גָּדַד (gaw‑dad');  1438 ‑ גָּדַע (gaw‑dah');  2179 ‑ זָנַב (zaw‑nab');  2404 ‑ חָטַב (khaw‑tab');  2672 ‑ חָצַב (khaw‑tsab', khaw‑tsabe');  3772 ‑ כָּרַת (kaw‑rath');  3807 ‑ כָּתַת (kaw‑thath');  5062 ‑ נָגַף (naw‑gaf');  5221 ‑ נָכָה (naw‑kaw');  5594 ‑ סָפַד (saw‑fad');  6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');  6327 ‑ פָּצַץ (poots);  6428 ‑ פָּלַשׁ (paw‑lash');  6912 ‑ קָבַר (kaw‑bar');  6962 ‑ קוּט (koot);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (10)
Matthew 5
Mark 1
Luke 2
Revelation 2
NAS (8)
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 2
Revelation 2
HCS (8)
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 2
Revelation 2
BSB (8)
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 2
Revelation 2
ESV (7)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 2
Revelation 2
WEB (10)
Matthew 5
Mark 1
Luke 2
Revelation 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Od. 18.28, etc.: fut. κόψω Hippon. 83, Men. Pk. 64, etc.: aor. ἔκοψα, κόψα Il. 13.203: pf. κέκοφα (ἐκ -) X. HG 6.5.37, (περι -) Lys. 14.42, (συγ -) Pl. Tht. 169b; part. κεκοπώς Il. 13.60 (v.l. - φώς, -πών), Od. 18.335: Med., fut. κόψομαι LXX Ezekiel 6:9 : aor. ἐκοψάμην Hdt. 4.166: Pass., fut. κεκόψομαι (ἀπο -) Ar. Nu. 1125, (ἐκ -) Id. Ra. 1223, (κατα -) X. An. 1.5.16, κοπήσομαι LXX Jeremiah 8:2, Gal. 13.759: aor. ἐκόπην A. Ag. 1278, Ar. Ra. 723, Th. 8.13: pf. κέκομμαι A. Pers. 683:

I cut, strike,

1. smite, ο' ἀμφὶ κάρη κεκοπὼς χερσὶ στιβαρῇσι Od. 18.335: c. dupl. acc., κόψε δὲ παπτήναντα παρήϊον smote him on the cheek, Il. 23.690.

2. smite with weapons, κόπτοντες δούρεσσι μετάφρενον Od. 8.528; τοῖσι Πέρσῃσι εἵποντο κόπτοντες Hdt. 6.113: metaph. in Pass., with play on words, αἰεὶ κόπτῃ ῥήμασι καὶ κοπίσιν AP 11.335.

3. smite, slaughter an animal with an axe or mallet, κόψας ἐξόπιθεν κεράων βοός Il. 17.521, cf. Od. 14.425, X. An. 2.1.6; in Trag., A. Ag. 1278, Eu. 635, E. El. 838.

4. cut off, chop off, κεφαλὴν ἀπὸ δειρῆς κόψεν Il. 13.203; χεῖράς τ' ἠδὲ πόδας κόπτον Od. 22.477; κ. [τὰ γέρρα] ταῖς μαχαίραις X. An. 4.6.26; κ. δένδρα cut down or fell trees, Th. 2.75, X. HG 5.2.39, 43; κ. τὴν χώραν lay it waste, ib. 3.2.26, 4.6.5: in Pass., of ships, to be shattered, disabled by the enemy, Th. 4.14, 8.13: metaph., φρενῶν κεκομμένος A. Ag. 479 (lyr.); τὸν ὕπνον ἁ φροντὶς κόπτοισα preventing, Theoc. 21.28; [ πνεῦμα] κοπτόμενον being suddenly stopped, arrested, Arist. Mete. 367a10.

5. strike, beat a horse, to make him go faster, κόψε δ' Ὀδυσσεὺς τόξῳ Il. 10.513; also σκηπανίῳ Γαιήοχος ἀμφοτέρω (sc. Αἴαντε) κεκοπὼς πλῆσεν μένεος 13.60.

6. hammer, forge, κόπτε δὲ δεσμούς 18.379, Od. 8.274; later, stamp metal, i.e. coin money, κ. νόμισμα IG 12(5).480.11 (Siphnos, Athenian Law), Xenoph. 4, Hdt. 3.56: Med., coin oneself money, order to be coined, κ. χρυσοῦ καὶ ἀργύρου νόμισμα Id. 1.94, cf. 4.166: Pass., of money, to be stamped or coined, [ νομίσμασιν] μόνοις ὀρθῶς κοπεῖσι Ar. Ra. 723, cf. 726.

7. knock or rap at, τὴν θύραν Id. Nu. 132, Pl. 1097, And. 1.41, X. HG 5.4.7, Men. Epit. 538, Phld. Vit. p.30 J., Plu. Alc. 8, etc.; without θύραν, οὗτος, τί κόπτεις; Ar. Ec. 976.

8. pound, bray in a mortar, κυπἐρου κεκομμένου Hdt. 4.71; ἀσταφίδα κεκ. Alex. 127.4; ἔλαιον κεκ., i.e. pure oil, LXX 3 Ki. 5.11.

9. knock, dash about, τὸ ὕδωρ ὅταν κοπῇ Pl. Ti. 60b; κόνις.. κοπτομένη.. ὑφ' ἅρμασι Hes. Sc. 63; θάλασσα κοπτομένη πνοιαῖς Theoc. 22.16.

10. of birds, peck, Arist. HA 609b5; ὁ ἁλιάετος.. τὰ λιμναῖα κ. preys on the lagoon life, ib. 593b24; σπειρὴν κ. peck at, Arat. 449; of fish, gnaw, Arist. HA 620b17; of a snake, strike, Il. 12.204: Pass., of wood or seeds, to be worm-eaten, Thphr. HP 3.18.5, 8.11.2. munch, masticate, dub. in Chionid. 6.

11. ὁ ἵππος κ. τὸν ἀναβάτην jars his rider by his paces, X. Eq. 1.4: Pass., ib. 8.7, Hp. Aër. 21.

12. κ. ὄνους dress, prepare mill-stones for use, Alex. 13; set, sharpen, Herod. 6.84: Med., AP 11.253 (Lucill.).

13. metaph., tire out, weary, μήθ' ὑμῖν ἐνοχλῶ μήτ' ἐμαυτὸν κ. D. Prooem. 29, cf. Alciphr. 2.3; λέγων φαίνου τι δὴ καινὸν.., ἢ μὴ κόπτε με Hegesipp. 1.3, cf. Sosip. 1.20; μὴ κόπτ' ἔμ', ἀλλὰ τὰ κρέα Alex. 173.12; κ. τὴν ἀκρόασιν D.H. Comp. 19; κ. τὰ ὦτα Poll. 6.119; κ. ἐρωτήμασιν ἀκαίροις Plu. Phoc. 7, cf. Moer. p.74 P.: Pass., to be worn out, κοπτόμενοι ἀεὶ ταῖς στρατείαις D. 2.16.


1. Med. κόπτομαι, beat or strike oneself, beat one's breast or head through grief, κεφαλὴν δ' ὅ γε κόψατο χερσίν Il. 22.33, cf. Hdt. 2.121. δ (also Act. τί κόπτεις τὴν κεφαλήν; Men. Her. 4); κόπτεσθαι μέτωπα Hdt. 6.58 (with μαχαίρῃσι added 2.61): abs., Pl. Phd. 60b, R. 619c: pf. Pass., [ πόλις] κέκοπται A. Pers. 683: Act. c. acc. cogn., ἐκοψα κομμὸν Ἄριον Id. Ch. 423 (lyr.).

2. κόπτεσθαί τινα mourn for any one, κόπτεσθ' Ἄδωνιν Ar. Lys. 396, cf. Luke 8:52; but also ἐπί τινα Revelation 1:7, Revelation 18:9 (v.l. αὐτῇ). (Cf. Lith. kapóti, Lett. kapât 'chop small', 'beat', 'stamp', Lat. capo 'capon', perh. σκέπαρνον.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κόπτω: imperfect 3 person plural ἔκοπτον; 1 aorist participle κοψας (Mark 11:8 T Tr text WH); middle, imperfect ἐκοπτομην; future κόψομαι; 1 aorist ἐκοψαμην; (from Homer down); to cut, strike, smite (the Sept. for הִכָּה, כָּרַת, etc.): τί ἀπό or ἐκ τίνος, to cut from, cut off, Matthew 21:8; Mark 11:8. Middle to beat one's breast for grief, Latinplango (R. V. mourn): (Aeschylus Pers. 683; Plato, others; the Sept. often so for סָפַד); τινα, to mourn or bewail one (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 32, 1 γ.): Luke 8:52; Luke 23:27, (Genesis 23:2; 1 Samuel 25:1, etc.; Aristophanes, Lysias, 396; Anthol. 11, 135, 1); ἐπί τινα, Revelation 1:7; ( T Tr WH) (2 Samuel 11:26); ἐπί τινα, Revelation 18:9 (R G L), cf. Zechariah 12:10. (Compare: ἀνακόπτω, ἀποκόπτω, ἐκκόπτω, ἐνκόπτω, κατακόπτω, προκόπτω, προσκόπτω. Synonym: cf. θρηνέω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κόπτω ,

[in LXX for H3772, H5594, H5221 hi., etc.;]

1. to strike, smite.

2. to cut off: c. acc rei, seq. ἀπό , Matthew 21:8; ἐκ , Mark 11:8. Mid., to beat one's breast with grief, to mourn, bewail: Matthew 11:17; Matthew 24:30; c. acc pers., Luke 8:52; Luke 23:27; seq. ἐπί , c. acc, Revelation 1:7; Revelation 18:9 (cf. ἀνα -, ἀπο -, ἐκ -, ἐν -, κατα -, προ -, προσ -κόπτω ).†

SYN.: θρηνέω G2354, q.v.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κόπτω in its original sense of ";cut"; may be illustrated by PSI II. 171.39 (ii/B.C.) κόψας τοὺς ἐν αὐτῶι φ [οίνι ]κ ̣ας, P Tebt I. 5.205 (B.C. 118) τοὺς κεκοφότας τῶν ἰδίων ξύλα, ";those who have cut down wood on their own property"; (Edd.), P Ryl II. 228.12 (i/A.D.) ὂργανο (ν) τροχ (οῦ) το ̣, εἰς κόπτειν, ";machinery of the wheel for cutting"; (Edd.), ib. 236.24 (A.D. 256) ποίησον δὲ ἐξαυτῆς ὤμους δύο ἐλαιουργικοὺς κοπῆναι, ";have two beams (?) cut at once for oil-presses"; (Edd ), P Oxy XII. 1421.4 (iii/A.D.) τὸ ξ [ ]λον τὸ ἀκάνθινον τὸ κεκομμένον ἐν τῇ Εἰόνθει, ";the acacia-wood which has been cut at Ionthis."; For the simplex κόπτω as an equivalent of the immediately preceding compd. ἐκκόπτω, see P Fay 114.14 ff. (A.D. 100) θέλι ἐξ αὐτον ἐκκόψαι φυτά, εἵνα ἐνπίρος κοπῇ τὰ μέλλοντα ἐκκόπτεσθαι, ";he wishes to cut down some trees, so that those which are to be cut down may be cut. skilfully"; (Edd.) : cf. Proleg. p. 115 for exx. of the survival in NT Greek of this classical idiom. A new noun κόπτρον is found in P Lond 1171.62 (B.C. 8) (= III. p. 179) κόπτ ̣ρα ἀράκου : for κοπτός, ";a cake,"; see P Oxy I. 113.31 (ii/A.D.). MGr κόβ [γ ]ω, κόφτω.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκκόψωμεν εκοπτον έκοπτον ἔκοπτον εκοπτοντο εκόπτοντο ἐκόπτοντο έκοψα έκοψαν εκόψαντο εκοψασθε εκόψασθε ἐκόψασθε εκόψατο έκοψε έκοψέ κεκομμένον κεκομμένω κοπής κοπήσονται κοπήτω κόπτειν κόπτεσθε κόπτετε κοπτόμενοι κόπτονται κ'οπτοντες κόπτοντες κόπτοντος κόπτουσι κόπτων κόπωσις κόψαι κοψαντες κόψαντες κόψασθαι κόψασθε κόψατε κοψάτωσάν κόψει κόψεις κόψεσθε κόψεται κόψη κόψησθε κόψομεν κοψονται κόψονται κόψονταί κόψωμεν κόψωσιν ekopsasthe ekópsasthe ekopton ékopton ekoptonto ekóptonto kopsantes kópsantes kopsontai kópsontai
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