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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4350 - προσκόπτω
- to strike against
- of those who strike against a stone or other obstacle in the path, to stumble
- to strike one's foot against a stone
- i.e. to meet with some harm;
- to rush upon, beat against
- to be made to stumble by a thing
- i.e. metaph. to be induced to sin
strike one thing against another, πρὸς λίθον τὸν πόδα LXX Psalms 90:12(91).12; π. τὸν δάκτυλόν που Ar. V. 275 (lyr). intr., stumble or strike against, τινι X. Eq. 7.6, Alex. 81, Arist. Pr. 882b18, GC 326a27, etc.; π. τῷ ὀφθαλμῷ (sc. ῥίζῃ κυάμου ) Thphr. HP 4.8.8; of liquid, to be checked by striking against, c. dat., Plu. Lyc. 9; πνεῦμα προσκόπτον broken, interrupted breathing, Hp. Aph. 4.68 .
2. π. τῷ ἄξονι encounter friction at . ., Arist. Mech. 852a32 .
II metaph., = cross προσκρούω 111, offend, Posidipp. 36; τοῖς πολλοῖς Plb. 5.49.5; οὐ μόνον δυσαρεστήσειν ἀλλὰ καὶ προσκόπτειν ἔμελλε προφανῶς, of an open breach, Id. 7.5.6 .
2. take offence at, ἵνα μή μοι προσκόψῃς PCair.Zen. 463.11 (iii B.C.); τῇ βαρύτητί τινος Plb. 1.31.7, cf. Carneisc. Herc. 1027.14; θεοὺς -κόψαντάς τισι D.S. 13.59; of things, π. τῷ ζῆν to be disgusted with life, Id. 4.61: — Pass., δῆμος π. αὐτῷ διά τι being offended with him, App. BC 2.27, cf. Phld. Piet. 30, M.Ant. 9.3 .
προσ -κόπτω ,
1. trans., to strike (e.g. hand or foot) against: c. acc seq. πρός , fig., Matthew 4:6, Luke 4:11, (LXX)
2. Intrans., to stumble: absol. (Tobit 11:9, Proverbs 3:23), John 11:9-10; of wind, to rush against, beat upon: c. dat, Matthew 7:27. Metaph., in late writers,
(a) to offend (Polyb.);
(b) to take offence at, stumble at: seq. ἐν , Romans 14:21; c. dat., τ . λόγῳ , 1 Peter 2:8; τ . λίθῳ τ . προσκόμματος , Romans 9:32.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
literally ";red as fire"; (cf. 4Ki. 3:22 [MT 2 Kings 3:22]), is applied in the milder sense of ";ruddy"; to a witness to a will, P Petr I. 13 (2).12 (B.C. 237). In P Leid Wvii. 46 (ii/iii A.D.) we have ποίσον (= ποίησον) ὑπποπόταμω (= ο)ν ἐκ κηροῦ πυρροῦ, and in P Oxy VI. 922.8 (vi/vii A.D.) ὑπὲρ τοῦ πυρροῦ ἵππου (cf. Revelation 6:4. The double ρρ is preserved in the LXX and NT as in the papyri, cf. BGU II. 468.8 (A.D. 150) καμήλου ἄρρενος πυρροῦ, and see Mayser Gr. p. 221. It may be noted that πυρ (ρ)ός and πυρ (ρ)άζω drop a ρ in Matthew 16:2 C and late uncials, Revelation 6:4 APO46, 12.3 CO46 : see Moulton Gr. ii. p. 101.
For the form πυρράκης, as in 1 Kings 16:12 [MT 1 Samuel 16:12], cf. P Petr I. 14.30 (B.C. 237), and see Mayser Gr. p. 455; and for πυρρόχρους cf. P Ryl II. 134.16 (A.D. 34) ὗς τοκὰς ἐπίτοκος πυρρόχρους, ";a brood-sow about to litter, tawny-coloured"; (Edd).
According to the critical text Πύρρος is named in Acts 20:4 as the father of Sopater of Beroea. The name is by no means rare in the papyri, and is spelt both with double and single ρ : e.g. P Oxy I. 47.3 (late i/A.D.) ὑπὸ Πύρρου τοῦ ἀσχολημένο (υ), and ib, 43 rectov. 9 (A.D. 295) Πύρῳ ὀπτίωνι : other exx. in Preisigke Namenbuch.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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