Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #0553 - אָמֵץ
1) to be strong, alert, courageous, brave, stout, bold, solid, hard
1a) (Qal) to be strong, brave, bold
1b) (Piel) to strengthen, secure (for oneself), harden (heart), make firm, make obstinate, assure
1c) (Hithpael) to be determined, to make oneself alert, strengthen oneself, confirm oneself, persist in, prove superior to
1d) (Hiphil) to exhibit strength, be strong, feel strong
1294) ym (מתס MTs) AC: Squeeze CO: ? AB: Strong: The pictograph m is a picture of water representing might, the y representing the side. Combined these mean "mighty sides". When one strengthens the sides internal pressure is forced on the sides of the upper body.
Nf1) eyym (מתסתסה MTsTsH) - Unleavened: A hard and flat bread or cake made without leaven. As a food that can be sucked on. KJV (53): unleavened bread, cakes, unleavened, without leaven - Strongs: H4682 (מַצָּה)
V) yma (אמתס AMTs) - Strong: To be mentally strong, firm, obstinate or courageous. KJV (41): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) strengthen, courage, strong, courageous, harden, speed, stronger, confirm, establish, fortify, increase, obstinate, prevail - Strongs: H553 (אָמֵץ)
V) aym (מתסא MTsA) - Find: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (464): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) find, present, come, meet, befall, get, suffice, deliver, hit, left, hold, reach - Strongs: H4291 (מְטָה), H4672 (מָצָא)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אָמֵץ fut. יֶאֱמַץ, to be alert, firm, strong (kindred to חָמַץ, חָמַם to be eager); prop. of the alertness of the feet, rüftig, rafch auf den füßen fehn, to be strong in the feet, swift-footed (compare Piel No. 1, אָמֹץ and the Arabic use); figuratively used of an alert and strenuous mind, opp. to כָּרַע (to have the knees sinking, to be cast down in mind), 2 Chronicles 13:18. Followed by מִן to prevail over any one, Genesis 25:23; Psalms 18:18, 142:7. חֲזַק וֶאֱמַץ “be strong and alert,” i.e. of a strong and undaunted mind, Deuteronomy 31:7, 23 Deuteronomy 31:23 -Josh. 1:618. (Arab. أَبَصَ to be alert, nimble, used of a horse; whence أَبُرصُ, אָמֹץ a nimble horse.)
(1) to make strong, prop. failing feet, Job 4:4; Isaiah 35:3. Hence, to make the mind active and strong, Deuteronomy 3:28; Job 16:5.
(2) to strengthen, Isaiah 41:10; Psalms 89:22; 2 Chronicles 11:17; Proverbs 31:17, 24:5.
(3) to restore, to repair a building, i.q. חִוֵק 2 Chronicles 24:13 also, to set up, to build, Proverbs 8:28.
(4) to harden (the heart), Deuteronomy 2:30, 15:7 2 Chronicles 36:13.
(5) to appoint, to choose. Psalms 80:18, “(whom) thou hast chosen for thyself,” comp. verse 16 Psalms 80:16; Isaiah 44:14.
Hiphil intrans. to be strong, used of the mind, Psalms 27:14, 31:25.
(1) to be alert, followed by a gerund; to do anything speedily, 1 Kings 12:18; 2 Chronicles 10:18.
(2) to strengthen oneself, used of conspirators, 2 Chronicles 13:7.
(3) to harden oneself, i.e. to be of a fixed mind, Ruth 1:18. Compare חִזַּק.
[Derivatives, אַמִּיץ, אָמֹץ, אֹמֶץ, אַמְצָה, מַאֲמָץ, pr.n. אָמוֹץ, אַמְצִי, אֲמַצְיָה.]
the Second Week of Lent