Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4692 - σπεύδω

Transliteration
speúdō
Phonetics
spyoo'-do
Origin
probably strengthened from (G4228)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to haste, make haste
  2. to desire earnestly
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 553 ‑ אָמֵץ (aw‑mats');  926 ‑ בָּהַל (baw‑hal');  1765 ‑ דָּחַף (daw‑khaf');  2363 ‑ חוּשׁ (koosh);  2648 ‑ חָפַז (khaw‑faz');  4116 ‑ מָהַר (maw‑har');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (6)
Luke
3
Acts
2
2 Peter
1
NAS (7)
Luke
3
Acts
3
2 Peter
1
HCS (6)
Luke
3
Acts
2
2 Peter
1
BSB (6)
Luke
3
Acts
2
2 Peter
1
ESV (6)
Luke
3
Acts
2
2 Peter
1
WEB (6)
Luke
3
Acts
2
2 Peter
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σπεύδω, Ep. inf. σπευδέμεν Od. 24.324: fut. σπεύσω E. Med. 153 (lyr.), Ar. Eq. 926, etc.; Cret. σπευσίω SIG 527.42 (iii B.C.): aor. ἔσπευσα E. Supp. 161, Pl. Cri. 45c, etc.; Ep. σπεῦσα Od. 9.250; subj. σπεύσομεν, for -ωμεν, Il. 17.121: pf. ἔσπευκα Annuario 8 /9.375 (Perga, ii B.C. ), Paus. 7.15.11: Med., A. Ag. 151 (lyr.): fut. σπεύσομαι Il. 15.402: Pass., pf. ἔσπευσμαι Luc. Am. 33, Gal. 12.895. I trans., set going, urge on, hasten, ταῦτα δ' ἅμα χρὴ σπεύδειν Il. 13.236; οἱ δὲ γάμον σπεύδουσιν Od. 19.137, cf. Hdt. 1.38; παῦσαι σπεύδων τὰ σπεύδεις ib. 206; ς. ἀθλίαν ὁδόν E. Ion 1226; ς. οἱ μὲν ἴγδιν, οἱ δὲ σίλφιον, οἱ δ' ὄξος procure quickly, get ready, Sol. 39; κλίμακας E. IT 1352; σπευσίω ὅτι κα δύναμαι κακὸν τᾷ πόλει SIG l.c. (in Hdt. 8.46, Δημοκρίτου σπεύσαντος, an acc. must be supplied). seek eagerly, strive after, μηδὲν ἄγαν ς . Thgn. 335, 401; ς. βίον ἀθάνατον, μακροτέραν ἀρετάν, Pi. P. 3.62, I. 4(3).13(31); εὐψυχίαν ἀντ' εὐβουλίας E. Supp. 161; τὴν ἡγεμονίαν Th. 5.16; χάριν E. Hec. 1175; πόλεμον τέκνοις Id. HF 1133 . promote or further zealously, press or urge on, τι τῶν φέρει φρήν A. Supp. 599 (lyr.); τὸ σὸν ς. ἅμα καὶ τοὐμόν S. El. 251; τὸ σὸν ἀγαθόν E. Hec. 120 (lyr.); τὸ ἐφ' ἑαυτὸν ἕκαστος ς . Th. 1.141; ς. ἀσπούδαστ' ἐπὶ σοὶ δαίμων E. IT 201 (lyr.); τὰ ἐναντία τῇ ἑαυτῶν ὠφελείᾳ ς . And. 2.2; in arguing, σεαυτῷ τὰ ἐναντία ς . Pl. Prt. 361a; ς. τοῦτο, ὅπως . . Id. Lg. 687e; μὴ σπεῦδ' ἃ μὴ δεῖ, μηδ' ἃ δεῖ σπεύδειν μένε Men. Mon. 344: c. dat., οἱ Χαιρέᾳ σπεύδοντες the partisans of Chaereas, Charito 6.1: ἐς τὰ Ἑλλήνων ς . Philostr. VA 5.8: folld. by a conj., εἰς τοὺς πλουσίους σπεύσω σ' ὅπως ἂν ἐγγραφῇς Ar. Eq. 926: Med., σπευδομένα θυσίαν A. Ag. 151 (lyr.): Pass., ξυνὸν πᾶσι ἀγαθὸν σπεύδεται Hdt. 7.53; ἐσπευσμέναι χρεῖαι pressing needs, Luc. Am. 33 .

2. c. acc. et inf., σπεύσατε . . Τεῦκρον ἐν τάχει μολεῖν urge him to come quickly, S. Aj. 804; σπεῦσον . . κάπετόν τιν' ἰδεῖν hasten to look out for . ., ib. 1165 (anap.).

II more freq. intr., press on, hasten. διὰ δρυμὰ πυκνὰ καὶ ὕλην σπεύδουσ' Il. 11.119, cf. 8.191, 23.414, Hes. Sc. 228; ς. ἀπὸ ῥυτῆρος with loose rein, S. OC 900; δρόμῳ E. Ion 1556; πεζῇ X. An. 3.4.49, etc.; exert oneself, strive eagerly or anxiously, of warriors fighting, Il. 4.232, cf. 8.293, etc.; of a smith at work, 18.373; of beasts of draught, 17.745; of bees working, Hes. Th. 597: prov., ὅταν σπεύδῃ τις αὐτὸς χὠ θεὸς συνάπτεται A. Pers. 742 (troch.); σπεῦδε βραδέως festina lente, Gell. 10.11.5; ς. τινί exert oneself for another, Alex. 309: Construct., 1 c. part., σπεῦσε πονησάμενος τὰ ἃ ἔργα (for σπουδαίως ἐπονήσατο ) Od. 9.250, cf. S. El. 935, E. Med. 761 (anap.), Ar. Ach. 179: reversely, σπεύδων in haste, eagerly, τὼ δὲ σπεύδοντε πετέσθην Il. 23.506; ἵκετο σπεύδων Pi. P. 4.95; εἰς ἀρθμὸν ἐμοὶ . . σπεύδων σπεύδοντί ποθ' ἥξει A. Pr. 193 (anap.); ς. ἐβοήθει X. HG 4.3.1 .

2. c. inf., to be eager to . ., Hes Op. 22,673, Pi. O. 4.11(14), N. 9.21, A. Ag. 601, Hdt. 8.41; σῴζειν θέλοντας ἄνδρα γ' ὃς σπεύδῃ θανεῖν S. Aj. 812: Med., σπευδομένα ἀφελεῖν A. Eu. 360 (lyr.).

3. c. acc. et inf., to be anxious that . ., εἰρήνην ἑωυτοῖσι γενέσθαι Hdt. 1.74; ἔσπευδεν εἶναι μὴ μάχας Ar. Pax 672, cf. Pl. Prt. 361a; τὸ λεκτικοὺς γίγνεσθαι τοὺς συνόντας οὐκ ἔσπ . X. Mem. 4.3.1: also ἔσπευσεν τοῦ διατηρηθῆναι τὴν εὐφημίαν αὐτοῖς IG 22.1028.83 .

4. folld. by ὡς, ὅπως, etc., ς. ὡς Ζεὺς μήποτ' ἄρξειεν A. Pr. 205; ς. ὅπως μὴ . . Pl. Grg. 480b; ἵνα . ., ἵνα μὴ . ., Id. Plt. 264a, Isoc. 4.164; ὥστε μή, c. inf., Thphr. Od. 57 .

5. folld. by a Prep., ς. μάχην ἐς show eagerness for . ., Il. 4.225 ( Med., σπεύσομαι εἰς Ἀχιλῆα, ἵνα . . hasten, 15.402 ); εἰς ἄφενος σπεύδειν Hes. Op. 24; εἰς ἀρετήν Thgn. 403; ἐς θαλάμους E. Hipp. 182 (anap.); ἐς τὰ πράγματα Id. Ion 599, etc.; εἰς τὸ αὐτὸ ἡμῖν X. Cyr. 1.3.4; δώματος εἴσω E. Med. 100 (anap.); ἐπί τι Lycurg. 57; περὶ Πατρόκλοιο θανόντος struggle for him, Il. 17.121; ὑπέρ τινος IG 12(9).903 (Chalcis, ii B.C. ); πρός τινα Ar. V. 1026, etc.; also ς. ὁδόν IG 14.1729 .

6. with Adv., ς. οἷ θέλεις S. Tr. 334; δεῦρο Ar. Ach. 179; ἔνθα X. An. 4.8.14, etc.

7. to be troubled in mind, harassed, LXX Exodus 15:15, 1 Ki. 28.21, al. (Cf. σπουδή, σπούδαξ, Lith. spáudžiu 'press'.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σπεύδω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H4116 pi., also for H926 pi., hi., etc.;]

1. most freq. intrans., to hasten: c. inf. (as freq. in cl.), Acts 20:16; ptcp. c. indic., Luke 2:16; c. imperat., Luke 19:5-6; σπεῦσον κ . ἔξελθε , Acts 22:18

2. Trans., c. acc;

(a) to hasten, urge on, accelerate (as Hom., Od., xix, 137; Eur., Med., 152; Sirach 33:8 (Sirach 36:8): 2 Peter 3:12, R, mg. (cf. Mayor and ICC, in l, but v. infr.);

(b) to desire eagerly (find., Pyth., iii, 110; Eur., Suppl., 161; Isa 165): 2Pe, l.c., R, txt. (but v. supr.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";bring together,"; ";collect "; : cf. P Ryl II. 122.4 (A.D. 127) συνκομισάμενος τὰ πλεῖσ [τα μ ]έρη τῆς ἐκβάσεως τῶν ἐδαφῶν, ";having gathered the greater part of the produce of the fields"; (Edd.), P Tebt II. 591 (ii/iii A.D.) ἐγὼ γὰρ ἠ (l. εἰ) μὴ συνκομίσω τὸν χόρτον ἐν τρισὶ ἡμέραις οὐ δύναμε (l. –μαι) αὐτὰ καταλῖψαι, and P Flor II. 150.9 (A.D. 267) ὅταν γὰρ δεήσει τὰ παρά σοι θέρη συνκομισθῆναι πλείονα ἕξει βοηθεῖν σε.

Souter (Lex. s.v.) suggests that in Acts 8:2 the verb may mean, not ";take up"; for burial (see Field Notes, p. 116 f.) but ";get back,"; ";recover";; cf. the use of the mid. in such passages as BGU II. 530.26 (i/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 62) μόνον διαγράφω τὰ δημόσια μηδὲν συνκομιζόμεν ̣ο ̣ς ̣, ";only I continue paying the public taxes without getting back anything in return,"; and P Flor I. 58.5 (iii/A.D.) τοὺς φόρους συνκομιζομένη : see also Job 5:26 ὥσπερ θιμωνιὰ ἅλωνος καθ᾽ ὥραν συνκομισθεῖσα.

For the subst. συνκομιδή cf. P Cairo Zen I. 59049.3 (see the editor’s note), P Fay 135.3 (iv/A.D.) τοῦ καιροῦ καλέσαντος τῆς συγκομιδῆς, ";as the season requires the gathering"; (Edd.), and P Lond 1001.14 (A.D. 539) (= III. p. 271) καιρα συγκομιδῆς [κα ]ρ ̣π [ ]γ.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έσπευδε εσπευδεν ἔσπευδεν εσπεύδετο έσπευσα εσπεύσαν έσπευσαν έσπευσας έσπευσε έσπευσεν σπεύδε σπεύδει σπεύδειν σπευδοντας σπεύδοντας σπεύδοντες σπεύδων σπευσαντες σπεύσαντες σπευσας σπεύσας σπεύσασα σπεύσατε σπεύσης Σπευσον σπεύσον Σπεῦσον σπεύσουσι σπεύσουσιν espeuden éspeuden speudontas speúdontas speusantes speúsantes speusas speúsas Speuson Speûson
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse: