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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4672 - מָצָא
1) to find, attain to
1a1) to find
1a1a) to find, secure, acquire, get (thing sought)
1a1b) to find (what is lost)
1a1c) to meet, encounter
1a1d) to find (a condition)
1a1e) to learn, devise
1a2) to find out
1a2a) to find out
1a2b) to detect
1a2c) to guess
1a3) to come upon, light upon
1a3a) to happen upon, meet, fall in with
1a3b) to hit
1a3c) to befall
1b1) to be found
1b1a) to be encountered, be lighted upon, be discovered
1b1b) to appear, be recognised
1b1c) to be discovered, be detected
1b1d) to be gained, be secured
1b2) to be, be found
1b2a) to be found in
1b2b) to be in the possession of
1b2c) to be found in (a place), happen to be
1b2d) to be left (after war)
1b2e) to be present
1b2f) to prove to be
1b2g) to be found sufficient, be enough
1c1) to cause to find, attain
1c2) to cause to light upon, come upon, come
1c3) to cause to encounter
1c4) to present (offering)
1294) ym (מתס MTs) AC: Squeeze CO: ? AB: Strong: The pictograph m is a picture of water representing might, the y representing the side. Combined these mean "mighty sides". When one strengthens the sides internal pressure is forced on the sides of the upper body.
Nf1) eyym (מתסתסה MTsTsH) - Unleavened: A hard and flat bread or cake made without leaven. As a food that can be sucked on. KJV (53): unleavened bread, cakes, unleavened, without leaven - Strongs: H4682 (מַצָּה)
V) yma (אמתס AMTs) - Strong: To be mentally strong, firm, obstinate or courageous. KJV (41): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) strengthen, courage, strong, courageous, harden, speed, stronger, confirm, establish, fortify, increase, obstinate, prevail - Strongs: H553 (אָמֵץ)
V) aym (מתסא MTsA) - Find: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (464): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) find, present, come, meet, befall, get, suffice, deliver, hit, left, hold, reach - Strongs: H4291 (מְטָה), H4672 (מָצָא)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
מָצָא 1 pers. מָצָאתִי, and מָצָתִי Numbers 11:11 fut. יִמְצָא, imp. מְצָא, inf. מְצֹא with suffix מָצְאִי, מֹצַאֲכֶם (for מָצְאֲכֶם), Genesis 32:20 part. מֹצֵא once מֹצֶא (in the manner of verbs לה֞֞); Ecclesiastes 7:26 fem. מֹצֵאת, מֹצְאֵת 2 Samuel 18:22; Song of Solomon 8:10.
(1) to come to, i.e. to attain to, to arrive at anything, followed by עַד Job 11:7 (Ch. and Syr. מְטָא, ܡܛܐܳ id., Eth. መጽአ፡ to come), hence to obtain, to acquire, to receive, with acc. of the thing. Genesis 26:12, “Isaac in that year received a hundred measures,” i.e. he made in the harvest a hundredfold. 2 Samuel 20:6, פֶּן מָצָא לוֹ עָרִים בְּצֻרוֹם “lest he get (take) fenced cities;” Ezekiel 3:1. So to obtain knowledge, Proverbs 3:13, 8:9 happiness, a good thing, 8:35 18:22 favour (see חֵן ); riches, Hosea 12:9 rest, Ruth 1:9 a vision from God (מֵיהוָֹה), Lamentations 2:9 a sepulchre; i.e. death longed for, Job 3:22 also in a bad sense to meet with calamity, i.e. to fall into it, Psalms 116:3; Proverbs 6:33; Hosea 12:9. “My hand has acquired (something),” i.q. I have obtained, got for myself, Leviticus 25:28; Job 31:25. Absol., 2 Samuel 18:22, אֵין בְּשׂרָה מֹצֵאת “there are no tidings that will gain (any thing),” i.e. this message is unacceptable, it will bring no reward to him who carries it.
(2) to find any person or thing (prop. to come upon, to fall upon), with an acc. of pers. and thing, Genesis 2:20, 8:9 11:2 18:26 19:11 31:35 1 Kings 13:14; 1 Samuel 31:8, and frequently. LXX. εὑρίσκω, as well as in very many examples and phrases of Nos. 1 and 3.- 1 Samuel 29:3, לֹא מָצָאתִי בוֹ מְאוּמָה “I have not found in him any thing,” sc. of crime; compare Psalms 17:3. Specially observe the phrase, 1 Samuel 10:7, עֲשֵׂה לְךָ אֲשֶׁר תִּמְצָא יָדֶךָ “do what thy hand findeth,” (was dir vor die Hand kommt), i.e. what may seem good to thee, do as thou wilt (nach deinem Befinden); 1 Samuel 25:8; Judges 9:33 a little differently, Ecclesiastes 9:10, כֹּל אֲשֶׁר תִּמְצָא יָדְֽךָ לַעֲשׂוֹת בְּכֹחֲךָ עֲשֵׂה “whatever thy hand findeth to do (whatever thou hast to do), do it with thy might.”-Figuratively, to find out by thinking, Ecclesiastes 3:11, 7:27 8:17 e.g. rightly to solve an enigma, Judges 14:12, 18 Judges 14:18. Rarely i.q. to wish to find, to seek, 1 Samuel 20:21, לֵךְ מְצָא אֶת־הַחִצִּים “go, that thou mayest find the arrows,” compare verse 36 1 Samuel 20:36; Job 33:10.
(3) to reach any one, i.e. to happen to, to befall any one, with an acc. of person (compare בּוֹא with acc. No. 2, letter d), Exodus 18:8, “all the travail אֲשֶׁר מְצָאָתָם בַּדֶּרֶךְ which had befallen them in the way;” Genesis 44:34; Numbers 20:14, 32:23 Joshua 2:23; Judges 6:13; Psalms 116:3, 119:143, compare εὑρίσκω τινά, Tob_12:7. Specially observe the phrase יָדִי מָֽצְאָה פ׳ my hand (as conquering, avenging) reaches any one, 1 Samuel 23:17, followed by לְ of person, Isaiah 10:10; Psalms 21:9.
(4) to suffice for any thing, followed by a dat. Numbers 11:22; Judges 21:14 (compare Germ. hinreichen, hinlangen, hinlänglich fenn, and Gr. ἱκνούμενος, ἱκανός, sufficient, from ἱκνέομαι).
(1) pass. of Kal No. 1, to be acquired by any one, followed by לְ, Deuteronomy 21:17, כֹּל אֲשֶׁר־יִמַּצֵא לוֹ “all things which he possesses;” Joshua 17:16; Jeremiah 15:16, נִמְצְאוּ דְבָרֶיךָ “thy words are received” sc. by me, i.e. brought to me; Job 28:12, “wisdom, מֵאַיִן תִּמָּצֵא whence shall (it) be acquired?”
(2) pass. of Kal No. 2, to be found, Genesis 44:16, 17 Genesis 44:17; Exodus 22:3; 1 Kings 14:13. Hence
(a) to be, to be present, to exist in any place (fich befinden, befindlich fehn), 1 Chronicles 29:17, עַמְּךָ הַנִּמְצְאוּ פֹה “thy people, who are here present;” 2 Chronicles 34:32, כָּל־הַנִּמְצָא בִירוּשָׁלַםִ; Jeremiah 41:3, 52:25. Used of things, Genesis 47:14, כָּל הַבֶּסֶף הַנִּמְצָא בְאֶרֶץ־מִצְרַיִם “all the money which was in Egypt.” Also, to be present (opp. to absent), Genesis 19:15, שְׁתֵּי בְנוֹתֶיךָ הַנִּמְצָאוֹת “thy two daughters who are present;” compare verse 14 Genesis 19:14; Ezra 8:25.
(b) God is said to be found by men when he inclines his ears to them, when he hears and answers them (compare נִדְרַשׁ), 1 Chronicles 28:9, אִס־תִּדְרְשֶׁנּוּ יִמָּצֵא לָךְ “if thou seekest him, he will be found of thee.”
(1) causat. of Kal No. 1, to cause to come, followed by בְּיַד to deliver, 2 Samuel 3:8.
(2) to cause any one to acquire, i.e. to give to him, Job 34:11, 37:13 Zechariah 11:6.
(3) to bring to, to present, to offer, followed by אֶל Leviticus 9:12, 13, 18.
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26