Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #05594 - סָפַד

Transliteration
sâphad
Phonetics
saw-fad'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1530
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to wail, lament, mourn

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to wail, lament

1a2) wailers (participle)

1b) (Niphal) to be lamented, be bewailed

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2799 ‑ κλαίω (klah'‑yo);  2875 ‑ κόπτω (kop'‑to);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (30)
Genesis
2
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
3
1 Kings
4
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
9
Ezekiel
2
Joel
1
Micah
1
Zechariah
3
NAS (31)
Genesis
2
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
3
1 Kings
4
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
9
Ezekiel
2
Joel
1
Micah
1
Zechariah
4
HCS (30)
Genesis
2
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
3
1 Kings
4
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
9
Ezekiel
2
Joel
1
Micah
1
Zechariah
3
BSB (32)
Genesis
2
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
3
1 Kings
4
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
9
Ezekiel
2
Joel
1
Micah
2
Zechariah
4
ESV (30)
Genesis
2
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
3
1 Kings
4
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
9
Ezekiel
2
Joel
1
Micah
1
Zechariah
3
WEB (30)
Genesis
2
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
3
1 Kings
4
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
1
Jeremiah
9
Ezekiel
2
Joel
1
Micah
1
Zechariah
3
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2495) dpx (ספד SPD) AC: Mourn CO: ? AB: ?

V) dpx (ספד SPD) - Mourn: KJV (30): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Participle) mourn, lament, mourner, wail - Strongs: H5594 (סָפַד)

hm) dpxm (מספד MSPD) - Mourning: KJV (16): mourning, wailing, lamentation - Strongs: H4553 (מִסְפֵּד)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

סָפַד fut. יִסְפֹּד to beat the breast, as a sign of grief; especially for the dead. Const. absol. Ecclesiastes 3:4, 12:5 Zechariah 7:5, 12:12 followed by לְ of the person whose death is lamented, 1 Kings 14:13; Genesis 23:2 עַל 2 Samuel 11:26; Jeremiah 4:8; Zechariah 12:10 לִפְנֵי 2 Samuel 3:31. It is sometimes so used as to be applied to the voice of the mourners [to wail], Micah 1:8, “I will make a wailing (מִסְפֵּד) like the jackals.” Jeremiah 22:18, “they shall not lament him (saying), Alas! my brother;” Jeremiah 34:5. Still I hold the proper signification to be that of beating, like the Gr. σφαδάζω; and this the LXX. express in several places (κόπτεσθαι). Isaiah 32:12, עַל־שָׁדַיִם סֹפְדִים “they smite upon the breasts” (comp. Lat. pectora, ubera plangere), spoken of women; comp. Nahum 2:8. There can be no difficulty in referring the word סֹפְדִים to women, since they are expressly mentioned, though at a considerable distance before (comp. also verse 11, חִרְדוּ שַׁאֲנַנּוֹת; see Heb. Gram. § 144, note 1).

Niphal, to be mourned for, lamented, Jeremiah 16:4, 25:33.

Derived noun, מִסְפֵּד.

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List of Word Forms
אֶסְפְּדָ֣ה אספדה הַסֹּפְדִֽים׃ הספדים׃ וְסִפְד֖וּ וְסִפְד֜וּ וְסָֽפְדוּ־ וְסָפ֜וֹד וְסָפְד֣וּ וְסָפְדָ֣ה וַֽיִּסְפְּדוּ֙ וַיִּ֨סְפְּדוּ־ וַיִּסְפְּד֥וּ וַיִּסְפְּדוּ־ וַתִּסְפֹּ֖ד ויספדו ויספדו־ וספדה וספדו וספדו־ וספוד ותספד יִסְפְּד֣וּ יִסְפְּדוּ־ יִסָּֽפְדוּ֙ יִסָּפְד֗וּ יספדו יספדו־ כְּמִסְפֵּד֙ כמספד לִסְפֹּ֖ד לִסְפֹּ֥ד לִסְפּ֔וֹד לספד לספוד מִסְפַּד֙ מספד סְפ֖וֹד סְפֹ֕דְנָה סִפְד֣וּ סֹֽפְדִ֑ים ספדו ספדים ספדנה ספוד תִסְפְּד֖וּ תִסְפֹּד֙ תספד תספדו ’es·pə·ḏāh ’espəḏāh espeDah has·sō·p̄ə·ḏîm hassofeDim hassōp̄əḏîm kə·mis·pêḏ kemisPed kəmispêḏ lis·pō·wḏ lis·pōḏ lisPod lispōḏ lispōwḏ mis·paḏ misPad mispaḏ sə·p̄ō·ḏə·nāh sə·p̄ō·wḏ seFod seFodenah səp̄ōḏənāh səp̄ōwḏ sifDu sip̄·ḏū sip̄ḏū sō·p̄ə·ḏîm sofeDim sōp̄əḏîm ṯis·pə·ḏū ṯis·pōḏ tispeDu ṯispəḏū tisPod ṯispōḏ vaiYispedu vattisPod vesafeDah vesafedu vesaFod vesifDu wat·tis·pōḏ wattispōḏ way·yis·pə·ḏū way·yis·pə·ḏū- wayyispəḏū wayyispəḏū- wə·sā·p̄ə·ḏāh wə·sā·p̄ə·ḏū wə·sā·p̄ə·ḏū- wə·sā·p̄ō·wḏ wə·sip̄·ḏū wəsāp̄əḏāh wəsāp̄əḏū wəsāp̄əḏū- wəsāp̄ōwḏ wəsip̄ḏū yis·pə·ḏū yis·pə·ḏū- yis·sā·p̄ə·ḏū yispeDu yispəḏū yispəḏū- yissafeDu yissāp̄əḏū
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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