Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #07186 - קָשֶׁה
1) hard, cruel, severe, obstinate
1a) hard, difficult
1c) fierce, intense, vehement
1d) stubborn, stiff of neck, stiff-necked
1e) rigorous (of battle)
1435) sq (קסה QSh) AC: Gather CO: Stalk AB: ?: The pictograph q is a picture of the sun at the horizon and the gathering of the light, the s is a picture of the teeth representing pressure. Combined these mean "bring together and pressed". Once the grain stalks are harvested from the field, it is gathered into bundles and secured with a cord in the middle.
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
קָשֶׁה m. adj. קָשָׁה f.
(1) hard, used of hard servitude, Exodus 1:14, 6:9 1 Kings 12:4 hard, i.e. harsh words, Genesis 42:7, 30 Genesis 42:30; Job 30:25, קְשֵׁה־יוֹם “whose day is hard,” whose lot is hard, unhappy.
(2) firm, fast, σκληρός, Song of Solomon 8:6 and in a bad sense, hardened. קְשֵׁה עֹרֶף stubborn, Exodus 32:9, 34:9 קְשֵׁה פָנִים hard-faced, impudent, Ezekiel 2:4 קְשֵׁה לֵב stubborn of heart, Ezekiel 3:7 without לֵב id., Isaiah 48:4.
(a) i.q. vehement, of a wind, Isaiah 27:8 of a battle, 2 Samuel 2:17.
(b) i.q. powerful, strong, 2 Samuel 3:39.
(c) קְשֵׁה רוּחַ heavy in spirit, sad in spirit, 1 Samuel 1:15.
(4) difficult, hard, Exodus 18:26.
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