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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #07703 - שָׁדַד
1) to deal violently with, despoil, devastate, ruin, destroy, spoil
1a1) to violently destroy, devastate, despoil, assail
1a2) devastator, despoiler (participle) (substantive)
1b) (Niphal) to be utterly ruined
1c1) to assault
1c2) to devastate
1d) (Pual) to be devastated
1e) (Poel) to violently destroy
1f) (Hophal) to be devastated
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׁדַד (cognate to שׁוּד)
(1) to be strong, powerful, gewaltig fehn (Arab شد يد strong, vehement, hard), whence Hebr. שִׁדָּה, שַׁדַּי; but used as a verb only in a bad sense.
(2) to act violently (gewaltthätig fehn, handeln) with any one, to oppress, to destroy him, Psalms 17:9; Proverbs 11:3; Isaiah 33:1 e.g. a people, Jeremiah 5:6, 47:4 48:11 49:28 especially by hostile invasion, Isaiah 15:1, 33:1. Part. שֹׁדְדֵי לַיְלָה thieves by night, Obadiah 1:5. Part. pass. שָׁדוּד destroyed, slain, Judges 5:27. (Arab. شَدَّ to bind fast, to make firm, to strengthen, also to rush on an enemy. V. to be strengthened, to be strong).
(3) to lay waste, as a country, cities, Psalms 137:8; Jeremiah 25:36, 48:8, 18 Jeremiah 48:18, 51:55, 56 Jeremiah 51:56.
It is sometimes inflected with the forms uncontracted, sometimes contractedly, as pret. שָֽׁדְדוּ, with suff. שַׁדּוּנִי, fut. יְשָׁדְדֵם Jeremiah 5:6 and יְשָׁדֵּם Proverbs 11:3.
Niphal, to be laid waste, Micah 2:4.
Piel, i.q. Kal No. 2. Proverbs 19:26, 24:15.
Pual, שֻׁדַּד and שָׁדַּד (Nahum 3:7), to be laid waste, Isaiah 15:1, 23:1 Jeremiah 4:13.
Poel, i.q. Piel, Hosea 10:2.
Hophal, הוּשַׁד pass. of Kal No. 2. Isaiah 33:1; Hosea 10:14.
Derivatives, שֹׁד No. 2, שִׁדָּה, שַׁדַּי, and pr.n. אַשְׁדּוֹד.
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