Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #684 - ἀπώλεια
- destroying, utter destruction
- of vessels
- a perishing, ruin, destruction
- of money
- the destruction which consists of eternal misery in hell
I destruction, Arist. EN 1120a2, etc.: pl., Id. Mete. 351b11.
1. loss, Id. Pr. 952b26; opp. τήρησις, Plb. 6.59.5 Schweigh., cf. BGU 1058.35, al. (i B. C.); τῶν χρόνων ἀ. Diog.Oen. 1.
2. perdition, Romans 9:22; 2 Thessalonians 2:3.
3. thing lost, LXX Leviticus 6:3 (5.22).
ἀπώλεια , -ας , ἡ
(< ἀπόλλυμι ),
destruction, waste, loss, perishing (in Papyri, of money, v. MM, s.v.): Matthew 26:8, Mark 14:4, Acts 8:20, Romans 9:22, 1 Timothy 6:9, 2 Peter 2:1; in special sense of the loss of eternal life, perdition, the antithesis of σωτηρία : Matthew 7:13, John 17:12, Philippians 1:28; Philippians 3:19, 2 Thessalonians 2:3, Hebrews 10:39, 2 Peter 2:3; 2 Peter 3:7; 2 Peter 3:16, Revelation 17:8; Revelation 17:11 (DB, iii, 744).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The weaker sense of ἀ. is illustrated by P Tebt II. 276.34 (an astrological fragment—ii/iii A.D.), where one who has acquired certain possessions ἐξωδιασμὸν αὐτῶν [ποιήσ ]ε ̣ται καὶ ἀπώλειαν, ";will spend and lose them"; (Edd.). Similarly in a series of nursing-contracts of the time of Augustus in BGU IV. we find the phrase ἐκτίνειν τὴν ἑκάστον ἀξίαν πλὴν συμφανοῦς ἀπωλείας, e.g. 1058.35 (= Chrest. II. 170), 1106.33, al. For the stronger meaning which we associate with NT usage, cf. the close of an ancient Coptic spell from the iii/A.D. Paris magical papyrus .1245 ff (= Selections, p. 114) ἔξελθε δαῖμον, ἐπεί σε δεσμεύω δεσμοῖς ἀδαμαντίνοις ἀλύτοις, καὶ παραδίδωμί σε εἰς τὸ μέλαν χάος ἐν ταῖς ἀπωλίαις, ";give you over to black chaos in utter destruction.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.